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Details Report for:
19-4021.00 - Biological Technicians

Assist biological and medical scientists in laboratories. Set up, operate, and maintain laboratory instruments and equipment, monitor experiments, make observations, and calculate and record results. May analyze organic substances, such as blood, food, and drugs.

Sample of reported job titles: Biological Technician, Research Associate, Laboratory Technician, Biological Science Laboratory Technician, Research Specialist, Research Assistant, Research Technician, Environmental Technician, Resource Biologist, Wildlife Biology Technician

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
81   Core Conduct research or assist in the conduct of research, including the collection of information and samples, such as blood, water, soil, plants and animals.
78   Core Analyze experimental data and interpret results to write reports and summaries of findings.
77   Core Keep detailed logs of all work-related activities.
73   Core Use computers, computer-interfaced equipment, robotics or high-technology industrial applications to perform work duties.
71   Core Clean, maintain and prepare supplies and work areas.
69   Core Set up, adjust, calibrate, clean, maintain, and troubleshoot laboratory and field equipment.
64   Core Measure or weigh compounds and solutions for use in testing or animal feed.
81   Supplemental Isolate, identify and prepare specimens for examination.
79   Supplemental Conduct standardized biological, microbiological or biochemical tests and laboratory analyses to evaluate the quantity or quality of physical or chemical substances in food or other products.
78   Supplemental Examine animals and specimens to detect the presence of disease or other problems.
76   Supplemental Participate in the research, development, or manufacturing of medicinal and pharmaceutical preparations.
73   Supplemental Monitor laboratory work to ensure compliance with set standards.
72   Supplemental Provide technical support and services for scientists and engineers working in fields such as agriculture, environmental science, resource management, biology, and health sciences.
71   Supplemental Monitor and observe experiments, recording production and test data for evaluation by research personnel.
66   Supplemental Feed livestock or laboratory animals.
58   Supplemental Conduct or supervise operational programs such as fish hatcheries, greenhouses and livestock production programs.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Deoxyribonucleic sequence analyzers — Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequencers; Inherit sequencing analysis systems
Inverted microscopes — Light/tissue culture microscopes
Manual or electronic hematology differential cell counters — Automated cell counters; Coulter counters; Hematology cell counters
Microbiology analyzers — Bioanalyzers; Flow cytometers
Microplate readers — Automated microplate ELISA readers
Refrigerated and heated reach in environmental or growth chambers — Aerobic growth chambers
Robotic or automated liquid handling systems — Automatic pipetters; Liquid handling robots; Robotic laboratory equipment
Spectrofluorimeters or fluorimeters — Cytofluorographs; Fluorometers
Steam autoclaves or sterilizers — Autoclaves; Sterilizers
Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers — Polymerase chain reaction PCR equipment; Polymerase chain reaction PCR thermocyclers

Technology used in this occupation:

Analytical or scientific software — BD Biosciences CellQuest; Gene Codes Sequencher; PolyBayes software; Systat Software Table Curve (see all 14 examples)
Data base user interface and query software — Database software; Microsoft Access; Thomson EndNote
Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat software
Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software; Graphics software; Harvard Graphics software
Map creation software — MapInfo MapMarker
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
Project management software — Microsoft Project
Spreadsheet software — IBM Lotus 1-2-3; Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Corel WordPerfect software; Microsoft Word

See all 76 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
86   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
67   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
62   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
57   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
45   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
44   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
39   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
36   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
34   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
34   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
33   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
33   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
26   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
24   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
24   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
22   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
20   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
19   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
19   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
17   Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
15   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
15   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
15   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
14   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
12   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
69   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
66   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
66   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
66   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
60   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
56   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
53   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
53   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
53   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
50   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
47   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
47   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
44   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
44   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
44   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
41   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
41   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
41   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
38   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
35   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
31   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
28   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
28   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
28   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
25   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
25   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
25   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
25   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
22   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
19   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
16   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
16   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
  Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
69   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
66   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
66   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
63   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
60   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
60   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
60   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
60   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
60   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
56   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
56   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
53   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
53   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
53   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
53   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
50   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
50   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
50   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
50   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
50   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
47   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
47   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
47   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
44   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
41   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
41   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
38   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
38   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
35   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
31   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
31   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
31   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
31   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
28   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
28   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
28   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
28   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
22   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
22   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
22   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
22   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
19   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
19   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
  Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
  Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
  Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
  Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
  Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
  Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
85   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Record research or operational data.
80   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
79   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
77   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
77   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
75   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Examine characteristics or behavior of living organisms.
  • Research microbiological or chemical processes or structures.
75   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
74   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
73   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Analyze chemical compounds or substances.
  • Interpret research or operational data.
68   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Monitor operational procedures in technical environments to ensure conformance to standards.
66   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
64   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
56   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
52   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
51   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
51   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
50   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
49   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
47   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Collect biological specimens.
  • Prepare biological samples for testing or analysis.
  • Set up laboratory or field equipment.
47   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
45   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
42   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
41   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
41   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Clean objects.
38   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
35   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
33   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
31   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
30   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
30   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
29   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
26   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Care for plants or animals.
24   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
24   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Manage agricultural or forestry operations.
22   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
21   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
20   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
20   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
13   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
  Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
98   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
89   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
89   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
82   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
77   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
73   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
70   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
70   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
67   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
67   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
66   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
65   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
61   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
58   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
58   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
58   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
55   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
54   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
53   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
52   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
50   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
49   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
49   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
48   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
48   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
46   Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
43   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
42   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
41   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
34   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
33   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
31   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
24   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
23   Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
21   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
21   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
20   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
20   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
20   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
19   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
19   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
18   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
17   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
17   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
17   Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
16   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
16   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
15   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
13   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
10   Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
  Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
  Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
  Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
  Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
  Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
  Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
  In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, environmental engineers, criminal investigators, and special agents.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

There are 4 recognized apprenticeable specialties associated with this occupation:
Dairy Technologist; Bio-Manufacturing Technician (Upstream); Bio-Manufacturing Technician (Downstream); Microbiology Quality Control Technician

To learn about specific apprenticeship opportunities, please consult the U.S. Department of Labor State Apprenticeship Information external site website.

For general information about apprenticeships, training, and partnerships with business, visit the U.S. Department of Labor Office of Apprenticeship external site website.

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
76   Bachelor's degree
  High school diploma or equivalent
  Master's degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Life Sciences — Biology Technician/Biotechnology Laboratory Technician

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
89   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
67   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
61   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
22   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
11   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
  Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
91   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
81   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
79   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
78   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
75   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
74   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
71   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
65   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
64   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
62   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
52   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
50   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
50   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
50   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
47   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
32   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
56   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
56   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
47   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
39   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
33   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

19-4011.01 Agricultural Technicians   Green Occupation Green
19-4011.02 Food Science Technicians
19-4031.00 Chemical Technicians Green Occupation
19-4041.01 Geophysical Data Technicians Green Occupation
19-4061.00 Social Science Research Assistants
19-4091.00 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health Green Occupation
19-4092.00 Forensic Science Technicians
29-2011.00 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists
29-2011.03 Histotechnologists and Histologic Technicians   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
29-2012.00 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians Bright Outlook

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Wages & Employment Trends

National

Median wages (2012) $19.11 hourly, $39,750 annual
Employment (2012) 80,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 32,100
Top industries (2012)
Educational Services (32% employed in this sector)

State & National

          CareerOneStop

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2012 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs
for Biological Technicians

          mySkills myFuture

State & National Job Banks

          CareerOneStop

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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