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Details Report for:
25-1042.00 - Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary

Teach courses in biological sciences. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

Sample of reported job titles: Biology Professor, Professor, Biology Instructor, Biological Sciences Professor, Assistant Professor of Biology, Professor of Biology, Associate Professor, Instructor, Associate Professor of Biology, Assistant Professor

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
92   Core Prepare and deliver lectures to undergraduate or graduate students on topics such as molecular biology, marine biology, and botany.
91   Core Prepare materials for laboratory activities and course materials such as syllabi, homework assignments, and handouts.
90   Core Evaluate and grade students' class work, laboratory work, assignments, and papers.
89   Core Maintain student attendance records, grades, and other required records.
87   Core Supervise students' laboratory work.
86   Core Compile, administer, and grade examinations, or assign this work to others.
83   Core Keep abreast of developments in the field by reading current literature, talking with colleagues, and participating in professional conferences.
80   Core Initiate, facilitate, and moderate classroom discussions.
77   Core Supervise undergraduate or graduate teaching, internship, and research work.
77   Core Assist students who need extra help with their coursework outside of class.
76   Core Conduct research in a particular field of knowledge and publish findings in professional journals, books, or electronic media.
76   Core Plan, evaluate, and revise curricula, course content, and course materials and methods of instruction.
73   Core Maintain regularly scheduled office hours to advise and assist students.
73   Core Advise students on academic and vocational curricula and on career issues.
67   Core Collaborate with colleagues to address teaching and research issues.
65   Core Write grant proposals to procure external research funding.
60   Core Select and obtain materials and supplies such as textbooks and laboratory equipment.
60   Core Participate in student recruitment, registration, and placement activities.
59   Core Serve on academic or administrative committees that deal with institutional policies, departmental matters, and academic issues.
53   Core Provide students course-related experiences, such as field trips, outside the classroom.
52   Core Review papers for publication in journals.
58   Supplemental Perform administrative duties such as serving as department head.
50   Supplemental Participate in campus and community events, such as giving presentations to the public.
47   Supplemental Compile bibliographies of specialized materials for outside reading assignments.
42   Supplemental Act as advisers to student organizations.
33   Supplemental Provide professional consulting services to government or industry.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Microphone stand — Microphone podiums
Microphones — Handheld microphones; Wireless microphones
Oxygen gas analyzers — Oxygen test meters
Photocopiers — Photocopying equipment
Portable data input terminals — Interactive whiteboard controllers; Student response systems; Wireless learning calculator systems
Refrigerated and heated reach in environmental or growth chambers — Environmental growth chambers
Scanners — Computer data input scanners
Scanning electron microscopes — Field emission scanning electron microscopes
Televisions — Liquid crystal display LCD televisions; Television monitors
Web cameras — Webcams

Technology used in this occupation:

Analytical or scientific software — SAS software; The MathWorks MATLAB; The Protein Investigator *; The Virtual Genetics Lab * (see all 14 examples)
Computer based training software — Blackboard Learn; Learning management system LMS software; Moodle *; Sakai CLE * (see all 6 examples)
Development environment software — National Instruments LabVIEW
Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Outlook
Information retrieval or search software — DOC Cop *; iParadigms Turnitin
Internet browser software — Web browser software
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
Optical character reader OCR or scanning software — Image scanning software
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Collaborative editing software; Google Docs *; Microsoft Word; Wood processing software

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

See all 57 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
100   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
92   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
89   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
74   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
70   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
63   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
49   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
49   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
49   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
48   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
47   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
46   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
45   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
39   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
35   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
33   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
31   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
30   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
28   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
28   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
27   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
23   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
18   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
18   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
18   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
16   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
15   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
15   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
15   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
13   Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
12   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
81   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
78   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
78   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
78   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
75   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
75   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
75   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
72   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
72   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
72   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
66   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
63   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
63   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
53   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
50   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
50   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
50   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
47   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
47   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
44   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
44   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
41   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
31   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
28   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
16   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
13   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
10   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
  Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
 Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
94   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
81   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
78   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
78   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
75   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
75   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
75   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
66   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
56   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
56   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
56   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
53   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
53   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
53   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
50   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
47   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
41   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
38   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
35   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
31   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
31   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
31   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
28   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
28   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
25   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
25   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
25   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
25   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
25   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
25   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
22   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
16   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
16   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
  Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
 Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
 Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
 Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
 Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
 Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
 Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
 Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
89   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Guide class discussions.
  • Teach physical science or mathematics courses at the college level.
  • Tutor students who need extra assistance.
88   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Attend training sessions or professional meetings to develop or maintain professional knowledge.
  • Research topics in area of expertise.
  • Stay informed about current developments in field of specialization.
87   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
87   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
85   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
82   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Develop instructional objectives.
  • Plan experiential learning activities.
79   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
78   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
77   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
77   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Develop instructional materials.
  • Maintain student records.
  • Write articles, books or other original materials in area of expertise.
  • Write grant proposals.
76   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Select educational materials or equipment.
74   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
74   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Plan community programs or activities for the general public.
71   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
  • Compile specialized bibliographies or lists of materials.
68   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
68   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Administer tests to assess educational needs or progress.
  • Evaluate effectiveness of educational programs.
  • Evaluate scholarly materials.
  • Evaluate student work.
  • Prepare tests.
67   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
60   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
60   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
59   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
56   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
56   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
54   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
53   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
  • Perform student enrollment or registration activities.
52   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Direct department activities.
  • Serve on institutional or departmental committees.
  • Supervise laboratory work.
  • Supervise student research or internship work.
49   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
48   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
46   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
46   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
43   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Order instructional or library materials or equipment.
42   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Advise educators on curricula, instructional methods, or policies.
  • Advise students on academic or career matters.
36   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
36   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
33   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
32   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
27   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
23   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
  • Promote educational institutions or programs.
20   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
19   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
14   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
13   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


97     Every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


84     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


77     A lot of freedom
21     Some freedom
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


72     A lot of freedom
27     Some freedom
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


61     Constant contact with others
37     Contact with others most of the time
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


76     Every day
15     Once a week or more but not every day
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


39     Every day
56     Once a week or more but not every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


33     Every day
53     Once a week or more but not every day
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


69     More than 40 hours
11     40 hours
20     Less than 40 hours
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


37     Extremely important
42     Very important
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


34     Extremely important
39     Very important
20     Important
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


27     Every day
40     Once a week or more but not every day
32     Once a month or more but not every week
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


29     Very important results
37     Important results
18     Moderate results
16     Minor results
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


17     Every day
39     Once a week or more but not every day
42     Once a month or more but not every week
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


30     Every day
35     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a year or more but not every month
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


22     Extremely important
40     Very important
19     Important
12     Not important at all
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


41     More than half the time
43     About half the time
16     Less than half the time
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


13     Extremely competitive
37     Highly competitive
22     Moderately competitive
17     Slightly competitive
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


20     Very high responsibility
21     High responsibility
23     Moderate responsibility
24     Limited responsibility
12     No responsibility
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


27     Very high responsibility
12     High responsibility
16     Moderate responsibility
25     Limited responsibility
19     No responsibility
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


24     Moderately close (at arm's length)
15     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
45     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


16     More than half the time
38     About half the time
46     Less than half the time
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
32     Once a month or more but not every week
43     Once a year or more but not every month
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


18     Very important
25     Important
18     Fairly important
30     Not important at all
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


28     More than half the time
21     About half the time
21     Less than half the time
28     Never
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


16     Very important
28     Important
20     Fairly important
31     Not important at all
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


15     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
31     Once a year or more but not every month
26     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


19     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
60     Once a year or more but not every month
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


16     Once a week or more but not every day
28     Once a month or more but not every week
28     Once a year or more but not every month
27     Never
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


19     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
27     Once a year or more but not every month
40     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


18     More than half the time
14     About half the time
36     Less than half the time
32     Never
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


14     Very serious
22     Serious
20     Fairly serious
42     Not serious at all
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


21     Once a week or more but not every day
23     Once a year or more but not every month
46     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


12     Once a week or more but not every day
15     Once a year or more but not every month
62     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


82     Less than half the time
16     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


15     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a year or more but not every month
65     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


12     Once a week or more but not every day
28     Once a year or more but not every month
60     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


23     Once a year or more but not every month
65     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


80     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


28     Slightly automated
62     Not at all automated
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
24     Once a year or more but not every month
63     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


25     Once a year or more but not every month
65     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


20     Once a year or more but not every month
73     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


14     Once a year or more but not every month
81     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


12     Once a year or more but not every month
81     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


23     Once a year or more but not every month
76     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


24     Less than half the time
76     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


92     Not important at all
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


21     Less than half the time
79     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


14     Once a year or more but not every month
84     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
87     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


90     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


12     Once a year or more but not every month
88     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


95     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


92     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


93     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


98     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
47   Doctoral degree
33   Master's degree
17   Post-doctoral training

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Life Sciences — Anatomy; Animal Physiology; Biochemistry; Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Other; Biology, General; Biometry/Biometrics (see all 29 programs)

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
95   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
89   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
45   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
39   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
22   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
22   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
95   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
93   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
92   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
90   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
87   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
86   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
83   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
83   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
83   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
81   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
81   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
80   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
80   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
79   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
77   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
72   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
81   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
78   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
78   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
78   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
67   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
45   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

19-1020.01 Biologists
19-1022.00 Microbiologists
19-1041.00 Epidemiologists
19-1042.00 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
25-1041.00 Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary
25-1052.00 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary
25-1053.00 Environmental Science Teachers, Postsecondary
25-1061.00 Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary
25-1071.00 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
25-1072.00 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary Bright Outlook

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $75,740 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 61,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 21,200
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Educational Services (97% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs Job Banks

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Postsecondary Teachers external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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