Summary Report for:
25-1071.00 - Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in health specialties, in fields such as dentistry, laboratory technology, medicine, pharmacy, public health, therapy, and veterinary medicine.
Sample of reported job titles: Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Clinical Professor, Instructor, Lecturer, Occupational Therapy Professor, Pharmacology Professor, Physical Therapy Professor, Professor, Public Health Professor
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Prepare course materials, such as syllabi, homework assignments, and handouts.
- Keep abreast of developments in the field by reading current literature, talking with colleagues, and participating in professional conferences.
- Evaluate and grade students' class work, assignments, and papers.
- Supervise laboratory sessions.
- Compile, administer, and grade examinations, or assign this work to others.
- Maintain student attendance records, grades, and other required records.
- Initiate, facilitate, and moderate classroom discussions.
- Plan, evaluate, and revise curricula, course content, course materials, and methods of instruction.
- Supervise undergraduate or graduate teaching, internship, and research work.
- Participate in student recruitment, registration, and placement activities.
- Select and obtain materials and supplies, such as textbooks and laboratory equipment.
- Collaborate with colleagues to address teaching and research issues.
- Serve on academic or administrative committees that deal with institutional policies, departmental matters, and academic issues.
- Advise students on academic and vocational curricula and on career issues.
- Maintain regularly scheduled office hours to advise and assist students.
- Conduct research in a particular field of knowledge and publish findings in professional journals, books, or electronic media.
- Participate in campus and community events.
- Prepare and deliver lectures to undergraduate or graduate students on topics such as public health, stress management, and work site health promotion.
- Perform administrative duties, such as serving as department head.
- Write grant proposals to procure external research funding.
- Act as advisers to student organizations.
- Compile bibliographies of specialized materials for outside reading assignments.
- Analytical or scientific software — IBM SPSS Statistics ; SAS
- Calendar and scheduling software
- Compliance software — Material safety data sheet MSDS software
- Computer based training software — Adobe Systems Adobe Presenter; Articulate Rapid E-Learning Studio; Blackboard Learn; Learning management system LMS (see all 7 examples)
- Data base user interface and query software — Blackboard software; Data entry software ; EcoLogic ADAM Indoor Air Quality and Analytical Data Management; Microsoft Access
- Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Outlook
- Graphics or photo imaging software — TechSmith Snagit
- Information retrieval or search software — DOC Cop; iParadigms Turnitin
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Map creation software — Geographic information system GIS software
- Medical software — Healthcare common procedure coding system HCPCS ; InteractElsevier Netter's 3D Interactive Anatomy; Medical condition coding software ; Medical procedure coding software (see all 6 examples)
- Multi-media educational software — Turning Technologies TurningPoint
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Optical character reader OCR or scanning software — Image scanning software
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Collaborative editing software; Google Docs ; Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Apparatus for gait analysis — Gait analysis equipment
- Arm orthopedic softgoods — Upper extremity slings
- Back or lumbar or sacral orthopedic softgoods — Back support braces; Lumbar corsets
- Balance beams or boards or bolsters or rockers for rehabilitation or therapy — Balance boards
- Bench refractometers or polarimeters — Digital refractometers
- Blood bank cell washers — Cell washing equipment
- Blood pressure cuff kits — Sphygmomanometers
- Canes or cane accessories — Walking canes
- Cardiac output CO monitoring units or accessories — Cardiac monitors
- Coagulation analyzers — Coagulation testing equipment
- Colorimeters — Colorimetric devices
- Compact disk players or recorders — Compact disk CD players
- Cosmetic dentistry curing lights or accessories — Curing lights
- Crutches or crutch accessories — Crutches
- Cryostats — Microcryostats
- Dental amalgamators — Dental amalgamation equipment
- Dental examination chairs or related parts or accessories — Dental patient chairs
- Dental formers — Vacuum formers
- Dental hand pieces or accessories — Dental handpieces
- Dental laboratory lathes or accessories — Dental laboratory lathes
- Dental laboratory model trimmers or accessories — Dental laboratory model trimmers
- Dental lasers — Dental laser equipment
- Dental saliva ejectors or oral suction devices or supplies — Dental suction units; Oral evacuation systems
- Dental scalers or accessories — Ultrasonic scalers
- Dental shades — Tooth shade guides
- Dental x ray units — Panoramic x ray machines
- Desktop computers — Digital imaging workstations
- Digital camcorders or video cameras — Digital video cameras; Video recording systems
- Digital cameras — Compact digital cameras; Intraoral cameras; Pan-tilt-zoom PTZ cameras
- Digital video disk players or recorders — Digital video disk DVD players
- Dollies — Equipment dollies
- Dropping pipettes — Pipetting devices
- Dry baths or heating blocks — Laboratory heating blocks
- Electro etcher marking machine — Micro-etchers
- Electrocardiography EKG units — Electrocardiography EKG machines
- Electromyography EMG units or accessories — Electromyography EMG systems
- Electronic medical thermometers — Digital medical thermometers
- Electrosurgical or electrocautery equipment — Electrosurgery devices
- Electrotherapy combination units — Electric stimulation machines
- Emergency medical services first aid kits — Emergency first aid kits
- Emergency or resuscitation carts — Crash carts
- Endoscopic video cameras or recorders or adapters or accessories — Video endoscopy equipment
- Epidiascopes — Opaque projectors
- Ergometer — Ergometers
- Exercise trampolines
- Eyewashers or eye wash stations — Emergency eyewash stations
- Fitness weights — Free weights
- Full body immersion hydrotherapy baths or tanks — Therapeutic whirlpool baths
- Fume hoods or cupboards — Fume hoods
- Gait belts for rehabilitation or therapy — Gait belts
- Galvanic or faradic stimulators — High-voltage galvanic stimulation machines
- Head mounted displays — Virtual reality augmented cycling kits VRACK
- Hemacytometer sets — Hemacytometers
- Hematology analyzers — Automated ESR analyzers
- Hematology test kits or supplies — Hematology test kits
- High capacity removable media drives — Universal serial bus USB flash drives
- Histology or cytology slide stainers — Slide stainers
- Immunology analyzers — Immuno-chemistry analyzers
- Inkjet printers — Poster printers
- Knee brace or support — Knee support braces
- Laboratory balances
- Laboratory blenders or emulsifiers — Total parenteral nutrition TPN compounders
- Laboratory graduated cylinders — Graduated glass cylinders
- Laboratory mechanical convection ovens — Casting ovens
- Laboratory mixers — Polyether mixing machines; Rotator mixers
- Laminar flow cabinets or stations — Flow hoods
- Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines
- Laser printers — Computer laser printers
- Lasers — Diode lasers
- Liquid crystal display projector — Liquid crystal display LCD projectors
- Lower body resistance machines — Isokinetic lower body testing machines
- Mats or platforms for rehabilitation or therapy — High-lo manipulation tables
- Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes
- Medical c arm x ray units — Flat panel c-arms
- Medical computed tomography CT or CAT scanners or tubes — Large bore computed tomography CT scanners
- Medical exam or non surgical procedure gloves — Protective medical gloves
- Medical gamma cameras for general use — Large animal gamma cameras
- Medical gas cylinders or related devices — Oxygen tanks
- Medical picture archiving computer systems PACS
- Medical positron emission tomography PET units — Large bore positron emission tomography PET scanners
- Medical radiological shielding aprons or masks or drapes — Lead aprons
- Medical staff isolation or surgical masks — Protective medical face masks
- Medical syringe with needle — Hypodermic syringes
- Medical tape measures — Medical measuring tapes
- Medical ultrasound or doppler or echo monitors — Intraoperative ultrasound monitors
- Medicine ball — Medicine balls
- Microcentrifuges — Microhematocrit centrifuges
- Microphone stand — Microphone podiums
- Microphones — Handheld microphones; Wireless microphones
- Microplate readers
- Microscope slides — Agar slides
- Mobile or transportable medical linear accelerators — Medical linear accelerators
- Motion analysis system — 3D movement analysis systems
- MP3 players or recorders — MP3 digital voice recorders
- Multimedia projectors — Computer projectors; Multimedia projection equipment
- Multipurpose or general test tubes — General purpose laboratory test tubes
- Needle or blade or sharps disposal container or cart — Biohazard containers
- Neuromuscular stimulators or kits — Functional electrical stimulation FES equipment
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Orthopedic splint systems — Wrist splints
- Osmometers — Laboratory osmometers
- Overhead projectors — Overhead data projectors
- Parallel bars for rehabilitation or therapy — Parallel bars
- Patient care beds or accessories for general use — Hospital beds; Rotating bed
- Patient care beds or accessories for specialty care — Tilt tables
- Patient lifts or accessories — Hoyer lifts; Total lift chairs
- Patient shifting boards or accessories — Sliding boards
- Pelvis or back traction supplies — Cervical traction units; Pelvic traction equipment
- Petri plates or dishes — Petri dishes
- Photocopiers — Photocopying equipment
- Physiological recorders — Step monitoring devices; Web-based telerehabilitation monitoring systems
- Portable data input terminals — Interactive whiteboard controllers; Student response systems
- Postmortem animal dissection tables or accessories — Microdissection systems
- Posture evaluation kit — Posture scale analyzers
- Powder boards for rehabilitation or therapy — Powder boards
- Pressure indicators — Force measurement plates
- Projection screens or displays — Projector screens
- Pulse oximeter units — Pulse oximeters
- Reachers for the physically challenged — Reachers
- Reflex hammers or mallets — Reflex hammers
- Resistive exercise bands or putty or tubing or accessories for rehabilitation or therapy — Resistive exercise bands
- Scanners — Computer data input scanners
- Scanning light or spinning disk or laser scanning microscopes — Laser scanning confocal microscopes
- Scientific calculator — Digital calculators
- Shaking incubators — Blood culture incubators
- Slide projectors — Carousel slide projectors
- Special purpose telephones — Multi-line telephone systems
- Spill kits — Spill cleanup kits
- Stationary bicycles — Recumbent exercise bicycles; Stationary exercise bicycles
- Steam autoclaves or sterilizers — Pressure steam autoclaves
- Tablet computers
- Teeth cleaning devices or accessories — Dental air water syringes
- Teleconference equipment — Conference telephones
- Televisions — Liquid crystal display LCD televisions; Television monitors
- Therapeutic cryo compression therapy system and accessories — Sequential pump equipment
- Therapeutic heating or cooling pads or compresses or packs — Therapeutic cold packs; Therapeutic hot packs
- Touch screen monitors — Interactive whiteboards
- Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation units — Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation TENS equipment
- Transmission electron microscopes — Transmission electron microscopes TEM
- Treadmill exercisers for rehabilitation or therapy — Therapeutic treadmill exercisers
- Ultrasonic cleaning equipment — Ultrasonic sterilization units
- Ultrasonic therapy apparatus or supplies — Ultrasound machines
- Upper body resistance machines — Isokinetic upper body testing machines
- Urinalysis analyzers — Urine analyzers
- Videoconferencing systems — Videoconferencing equipment
- Vortex mixers — Laboratory vortex mixers
- Walkers or rollators — Walkers
- Water baths — Laboratory water baths
- Web cameras — Remote webcams; Webcams
- Wheelchairs — Patient wheelchairs
- Wrist exercisers for rehabilitation or therapy — Hand grips
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
- Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
- Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
- Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
- Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
- Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
- Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
- Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
- Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
Detailed Work Activities
- Develop instructional materials.
- Attend training sessions or professional meetings to develop or maintain professional knowledge.
- Stay informed about current developments in field of specialization.
- Evaluate student work.
- Supervise laboratory work.
- Administer tests to assess educational needs or progress.
- Maintain student records.
- Prepare tests.
- Teach physical science or mathematics courses at the college level.
- Guide class discussions.
- Direct department activities.
- Develop instructional objectives.
- Evaluate effectiveness of educational programs.
- Supervise student research or internship work.
- Perform student enrollment or registration activities.
- Promote educational institutions or programs.
- Order instructional or library materials or equipment.
- Select educational materials or equipment.
- Write grant proposals.
- Advise students on academic or career matters.
- Research topics in area of expertise.
- Serve on institutional or departmental committees.
- Write articles, books or other original materials in area of expertise.
- Compile specialized bibliographies or lists of materials.
- Plan community programs or activities for the general public.
- Advise educators on curricula, instructional methods, or policies.
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 95% responded “Every day.”
- Electronic Mail — 90% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 86% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Contact With Others — 76% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 86% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 67% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 62% responded “Extremely important.”
- Telephone — 49% responded “Every day.”
- Public Speaking — 53% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 61% responded “Extremely important.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 70% responded “Important results.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 40% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Sitting — 38% responded “More than half the time.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 67% responded “Very important.”
- Time Pressure — 46% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 46% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Deal With External Customers — 53% responded “Extremely important.”
- Letters and Memos — 48% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 33% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 42% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Physical Proximity — 51% responded “I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office).”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 39% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Level of Competition — 43% responded “Moderately competitive.”
|Title||Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).|
|Related Experience||Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.|
|Job Training||Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include pharmacists, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, neurologists, and veterinarians.|
|SVP Range||(8.0 and above)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
Interest code: SI Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.
- Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2020)||$99,090 annual|
|Employment (2020)||242,700 employees|
|Projected growth (2020-2030)||Much faster than average (15% or higher)|
|Projected job openings (2020-2030)||30,800|
|Top industries (2020)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2020 wage data and 2020-2030 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2020-2030). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
- American Association for the Advancement of Science
- American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy
- American College of Sports Medicine
- American Dental Association
- American Dental Education Association
- American Dental Hygienists' Association
- American Nurses Association
- American Occupational Therapy Association
- American Physical Therapy Association
- American Public Health Association
- American Society of Health-System Pharmacists
- Council of Graduate Schools
- National Athletic Trainers' Association
- National League for Nursing
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: Postsecondary teachers
- The American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science