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Details Report for:
29-1181.00 - Audiologists

Assess and treat persons with hearing and related disorders. May fit hearing aids and provide auditory training. May perform research related to hearing problems.

Sample of reported job titles: Audiologist, Audiology Director, Audiology Doctor (AUD), Certificate of Clinical Competence in Audiology Licensed Audiologist (CCC-A Licensed Audiologist), Clinical Audiologist, Clinical Director, Dispensing Audiologist, Doctor of Audiology, Educational Audiologist, Pediatric Audiologist

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
98   Core Administer hearing tests and examine patients to collect information on type and degree of impairment, using specialized instruments and electronic equipment.
98   Core Fit, dispense, and repair assistive devices, such as hearing aids.
96   Core Maintain patient records at all stages, including initial and subsequent evaluation and treatment activities.
94   Core Evaluate hearing and balance disorders to determine diagnoses and courses of treatment.
93   Core Program and monitor cochlear implants to fit the needs of patients.
93   Core Counsel and instruct patients and their families in techniques to improve hearing and communication related to hearing loss.
92   Core Refer patients to additional medical or educational services if needed.
87   Core Monitor patients' progress and provide ongoing observation of hearing or balance status.
83   Core Educate and supervise audiology students and health care personnel.
81   Core Instruct patients, parents, teachers, or employers in communication strategies to maximize effective receptive communication.
80   Core Recommend assistive devices according to patients' needs or nature of impairments.
80   Core Participate in conferences or training to update or share knowledge of new hearing or balance disorder treatment methods or technologies.
78   Core Plan and conduct treatment programs for patients' hearing or balance problems, consulting with educators, physicians, nurses, psychologists, speech-language pathologists, and other health care personnel as necessary.
77   Core Work with multidisciplinary teams to assess and rehabilitate recipients of implanted hearing devices through auditory training and counseling.
71   Core Advise educators or other medical staff on hearing or balance topics.
71   Core Provide information to the public on hearing or balance topics.
70   Core Examine and clean patients' ear canals.
68   Core Engage in marketing activities, such as developing marketing plans, to promote business for private practices.
67   Core Perform administrative tasks, such as managing office functions and finances.
67   Core Measure noise levels in workplaces and conduct hearing conservation programs in industry, military, schools, and communities.
62   Core Develop and supervise hearing screening programs.
62   Core Conduct or direct research on hearing or balance topics and report findings to help in the development of procedures, technology, or treatments.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Audiometers or accessories — Audiometers; Automatic impedance audiometers; Two-channel audiometers
Audiometric bone vibrators or middle ear analyzers — Electronystagmographs ENG; Portable diagnostic middle ear analyzers
Audiometric booths or acoustic hearing test chambers — Audiometric test booths
Auditory function screening units — Auditory brainstem response ABR screening systems; Caloric irrigators; Portable auditory screeners; Speech mapping systems (see all 5 examples)
Aural probes — Ear probes; Electroacoustic impedance bridges
Hearing aid analyzers or test systems — Hearing aid analyzers; Hearing aid test boxes
Hearing aids for the physically challenged — Hearing aids; Programmable hearing aids
Mats or platforms for rehabilitation or therapy — Posturography dynamic platforms
Medical lamps — Digital light bars
Medical tuning forks — Diagnostic tuning forks
Notebook computers — Laptop computers
Ophthalmoscopes or otoscopes or scope sets — Otoscopes; Video otoscopes
Screwdrivers — Jeweler's screwdrivers
Sound measuring apparatus or decibel meter — Sound level meters

Technology used in this occupation:

Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
Medical software — Abacus Data Solutions HearWare; Chart Links software; Ear Works; Vestibular Technologies ScreenTRAK (see all 16 examples)
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Microsoft Word

See all 32 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
86   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
84   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
78   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
73   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
69   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
67   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
64   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
58   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
55   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
52   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
51   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
43   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
42   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
38   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
37   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
36   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
36   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
34   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
33   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
33   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
32   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
28   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
23   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
19   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
18   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
11   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
11   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
75   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
75   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
75   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
75   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
72   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
69   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
69   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
69   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
66   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
60   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
60   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
60   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
56   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
56   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
56   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
53   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
53   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
50   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
47   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
47   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
47   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
44   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
44   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
44   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
38   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
31   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
31   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
31   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
28   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
28   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
28   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
28   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
19   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
19   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
10   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
75   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
75   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
75   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
75   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
72   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
72   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
69   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
69   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
63   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
60   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
56   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
56   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
53   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
50   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
50   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
50   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
50   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
50   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
50   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
47   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
44   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
44   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
41   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
41   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
41   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
41   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
35   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
31   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
28   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
25   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
22   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
22   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
22   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
22   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
22   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
19   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
19   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
  Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
 Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
 Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
84   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Present medical research reports.
  • Record patient medical histories.
84   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
83   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues.
83   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
83   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Maintain medical or professional knowledge.
82   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Enter patient or treatment data into computers.
79   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Administer basic health care or medical treatments.
  • Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources.
79   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
77   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
  • Merchandise healthcare products or services.
75   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
71   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Collaborate with healthcare professionals to plan or provide treatment.
64   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
63   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
  • Communicate health and wellness information to the public.
63   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
62   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
61   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Examine patients to assess general physical condition.
  • Inspect work environments to ensure safety.
  • Test patient hearing.
60   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Conduct health or safety training programs.
  • Train medical providers.
  • Train patients, family members, or caregivers in techniques for managing disabilities or illnesses.
58   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
58   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Advise medical personnel regarding healthcare issues.
  • Recommend types of assistive devices.
56   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
54   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Analyze test data or images to inform diagnosis or treatment.
54   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
54   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
53   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
52   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
50   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Monitor patient progress or responses to treatments.
48   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
47   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Adjust prostheses or other assistive devices.
46   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
46   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Develop health assessment methods or programs.
  • Develop medical treatment plans.
44   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
43   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate diagnostic or therapeutic medical instruments or equipment.
42   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
39   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Manage healthcare operations.
  • Supervise patient care personnel.
39   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
32   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
31   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
25   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
20   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
19   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
10   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


93     Every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


83     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


80     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


77     A lot of freedom
23     Some freedom
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


93     Every day
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


73     Constant contact with others
20     Contact with others most of the time
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


70     Extremely important
23     Very important
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


57     Extremely important
37     Very important
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


59     Every day
24     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


67     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


40     A lot of freedom
50     Some freedom
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


40     Very important results
37     Important results
13     Moderate results
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


30     Every day
43     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


43     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Once a year or more but not every month
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


33     Very close (near touching)
27     Moderately close (at arm's length)
13     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
27     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


38     Continually or almost continually
21     More than half the time
21     About half the time
14     Less than half the time
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


30     Extremely important
23     Very important
30     Important
17     Fairly important
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


33     More than 40 hours
63     40 hours
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


55     More than half the time
38     About half the time
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


33     Highly competitive
33     Moderately competitive
23     Slightly competitive
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


21     Once a week or more but not every day
45     Once a month or more but not every week
24     Once a year or more but not every month
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


30     Very serious
37     Serious
17     Fairly serious
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


13     Extremely important
40     Important
30     Fairly important
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


23     Extremely important
13     Very important
13     Important
23     Fairly important
27     Not important at all
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
43     Once a month or more but not every week
30     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


17     Continually or almost continually
13     More than half the time
50     Less than half the time
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


38     About half the time
52     Less than half the time
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


17     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
30     Once a year or more but not every month
30     Never
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


17     High responsibility
23     Moderate responsibility
43     Limited responsibility
13     No responsibility
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


20     Moderate responsibility
37     Limited responsibility
23     No responsibility
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
73     Once a year or more but not every month
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


23     Moderately automated
60     Slightly automated
17     Not at all automated
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


23     Once a month or more but not every week
53     Never
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


40     Once a year or more but not every month
40     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


24     Once a year or more but not every month
52     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


83     Less than half the time
14     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


53     Less than half the time
33     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


55     Less than half the time
38     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


43     Once a year or more but not every month
50     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


80     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


83     Not important at all
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
77     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


20     Once a year or more but not every month
70     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


87     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


14     Once a year or more but not every month
79     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
80     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


21     Less than half the time
79     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


93     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


93     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


97     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


97     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


97     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


97     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


97     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


97     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


100     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
77   Doctoral degree
17   Master's degree
  Professional degree Help

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
95   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
89   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
45   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
28   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
22   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
11   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
92   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
90   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
88   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
87   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
81   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
81   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
74   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
73   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
72   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
71   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
71   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
70   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
69   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
60   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
58   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
47   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
89   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
78   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
75   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
67   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
67   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
67   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

25-1071.00 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary Bright Outlook
29-1011.00 Chiropractors
29-1031.00 Dietitians and Nutritionists
29-1071.00 Physician Assistants Bright Outlook
29-1122.00 Occupational Therapists Bright Outlook
29-1123.00 Physical Therapists   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
29-1127.00 Speech-Language Pathologists
29-1161.00 Nurse Midwives Bright Outlook
29-1199.01 Acupuncturists Bright Outlook
29-1199.04 Naturopathic Physicians Bright Outlook

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $34.22 hourly, $71,170 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 13,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 7,000
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Health Care and Social Assistance (61% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Audiologists external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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