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Details Report for:
51-4121.06 - Welders, Cutters, and Welder Fitters

Use hand-welding or flame-cutting equipment to weld or join metal components or to fill holes, indentations, or seams of fabricated metal products.

Sample of reported job titles: Aluminum Welder, Fabrication Welder, Fabricator, Fitter/Welder, Maintenance Welder, Mig Welder, Sub Arc Operator, Welder, Welder-Fitter, Welder/Fabricator

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
90   Core Weld components in flat, vertical, or overhead positions.
89   Core Operate safety equipment and use safe work habits.
87   Core Lay out, position, align, and secure parts and assemblies prior to assembly, using straightedges, combination squares, calipers, and rulers.
85   Core Examine workpieces for defects and measure workpieces with straightedges or templates to ensure conformance with specifications.
84   Core Recognize, set up, and operate hand and power tools common to the welding trade, such as shielded metal arc and gas metal arc welding equipment.
83   Core Weld separately or in combination, using aluminum, stainless steel, cast iron, and other alloys.
83   Core Clamp, hold, tack-weld, heat-bend, grind or bolt component parts to obtain required configurations and positions for welding.
83   Core Select and install torches, torch tips, filler rods, and flux, according to welding chart specifications or types and thicknesses of metals.
82   Core Ignite torches or start power supplies and strike arcs by touching electrodes to metals being welded, completing electrical circuits.
82   Core Connect and turn regulator valves to activate and adjust gas flow and pressure so that desired flames are obtained.
81   Core Determine required equipment and welding methods, applying knowledge of metallurgy, geometry, and welding techniques.
81   Core Monitor the fitting, burning, and welding processes to avoid overheating of parts or warping, shrinking, distortion, or expansion of material.
81   Core Operate manual or semi-automatic welding equipment to fuse metal segments, using processes such as gas tungsten arc, gas metal arc, flux-cored arc, plasma arc, shielded metal arc, resistance welding, and submerged arc welding.
81   Core Analyze engineering drawings, blueprints, specifications, sketches, work orders, and material safety data sheets to plan layout, assembly, and welding operations.
81   Core Mark or tag material with proper job number, piece marks, and other identifying marks as required.
79   Core Chip or grind off excess weld, slag, or spatter, using hand scrapers or power chippers, portable grinders, or arc-cutting equipment.
79   Core Remove rough spots from workpieces, using portable grinders, hand files, or scrapers.
79   Core Prepare all material surfaces to be welded, ensuring that there is no loose or thick scale, slag, rust, moisture, grease, or other foreign matter.
77   Core Preheat workpieces prior to welding or bending, using torches or heating furnaces.
76   Core Develop templates and models for welding projects, using mathematical calculations based on blueprint information.
76   Core Position and secure workpieces, using hoists, cranes, wire, and banding machines or hand tools.
76   Core Guide and direct flames or electrodes on or across workpieces to straighten, bend, melt, or build up metal.
76   Core Detect faulty operation of equipment or defective materials and notify supervisors.
74   Core Clean or degrease parts, using wire brushes, portable grinders, or chemical baths.
72   Core Cut, contour, and bevel metal plates and structural shapes to dimensions as specified by blueprints, layouts, work orders, and templates, using powered saws, hand shears, or chipping knives.
72   Core Repair products by dismantling, straightening, reshaping, and reassembling parts, using cutting torches, straightening presses, and hand tools.
72   Core Fill holes, and increase the size of metal parts.
71   Core Check grooves, angles, or gap allowances, using micrometers, calipers, and precision measuring instruments.
70   Core Operate metal shaping, straightening, and bending machines, such as brakes and shears.
67   Core Set up and use ladders and scaffolding as necessary to complete work.
66   Core Hammer out bulges or bends in metal workpieces.
66   Core Dismantle metal assemblies or cut scrap metal, using thermal-cutting equipment such as flame-cutting torches or plasma-arc equipment.
78   Supplemental Signal crane operators to move large workpieces.
73   Supplemental Use fire suppression methods in industrial emergencies.
71   Supplemental Estimate materials needed for production and manufacturing and maintain required stocks of materials.
69   Supplemental Join parts such as beams and steel reinforcing rods in buildings, bridges, and highways, bolting and riveting as necessary.
67   Supplemental Gouge metals, using the air-arc gouging process.
58   Supplemental Mix and apply protective coatings to products.
52   Supplemental Operate brazing and soldering equipment.
47   Supplemental Melt lead bars, wire, or scrap to add lead to joints or to extrude melted scrap into reusable form.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Blow torch — Motorized cutting torches; Pattern cutting torches
Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses; Portable magnetic drill presses; Punch presses
Electrode holder — Underwater electrode holders; Welding electrode holders
Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Oxyacetylene welding equipment; Rod ovens; Storage ovens and hot boxes
Manlift or personnel lift — Hydraulic truck lifts; Swing stages
Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders; Wirefeed welders
Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files
Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters
Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Portable gas operated arc welders; Shielded arc welding tools
Spot welding machine — Resistance welding equipment; Welding guns
Track cranes — Overhead cranes
Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Heliarc welding equipment; Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
Voltage or current meters — Arc voltage measurement instruments; Welding current measurement instruments
Welder torch — Brazing equipment; Welding torches
Welding electrode — Underwater electrodes; Welding electrodes
Welding masks — Hand shields; Welding shields

Technology used in this occupation:

Analytical or scientific software — Scientific Software Group Filter Drain FD
Calendar and scheduling software — OmniFleet Equipment Maintenance Management
Computer aided design CAD software — EZ Pipe software
Data base user interface and query software — Recordkeeping software

See all 96 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
66   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
62   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
60   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
57   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
52   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
51   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
51   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
50   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
46   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
38   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
32   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
30   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
29   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
26   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
23   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
21   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
21   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
20   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
18   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
17   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
12   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
12   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
 Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
 Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
53   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
53   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
50   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
50   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
47   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
47   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
47   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
47   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
44   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
44   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
44   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
44   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
41   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
38   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
38   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
38   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
38   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
38   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
35   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
35   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
35   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
35   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
31   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
31   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
31   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
31   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
28   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
25   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
25   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
22   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
22   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
16   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
13   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
  Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
  Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
72   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
66   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
63   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
63   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
63   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
63   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
60   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
53   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
53   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
53   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
53   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
50   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
50   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
50   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
50   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
50   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
50   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
47   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
47   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
47   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
47   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
47   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
47   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
47   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
47   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
44   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
44   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
44   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
44   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
44   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
41   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
38   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
38   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
38   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
38   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
38   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
38   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
38   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
38   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
38   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
35   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
35   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
35   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
35   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
31   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
31   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
25   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
25   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
22   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
22   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
13   Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
13   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
89   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate grinding equipment.
  • Operate metal or plastic forming equipment.
82   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Adjust equipment controls to regulate gas flow.
  • Align parts or workpieces to ensure proper assembly.
  • Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products.
  • Assemble metal or plastic parts or products.
  • Assemble metal structures.
  • Assemble temporary equipment or structures.
  • Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.
  • Disassemble equipment for maintenance or repair.
  • Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
  • Fill cracks, imperfections, or holes in products or workpieces.
  • Heat material or workpieces to prepare for or complete production.
  • Ignite fuel to activate heating equipment.
  • Lay out parts to prepare for assembly.
  • Melt metal, plastic, or other materials to prepare for production.
  • Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment.
  • Operate welding equipment.
  • Reshape metal workpieces to established specifications.
  • Shape metal workpieces with hammers or other small hand tools.
  • Smooth metal surfaces or edges.
  • Solder parts or workpieces.
  • Trim excess material from workpieces.
76   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Mark products, workpieces, or equipment with identifying information.
74   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
70   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Notify others of equipment repair or maintenance needs.
  • Signal others to coordinate work activities.
70   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences.
70   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Clean production equipment.
  • Clean workpieces or finished products.
  • Mix ingredients to create specific finishes.
69   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
68   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Design templates or patterns.
65   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
63   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Monitor equipment operation to ensure that products are not flawed.
  • Watch operating equipment to detect malfunctions.
61   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Determine metal or plastic production methods.
  • Estimate material requirements for production.
  • Select production equipment according to product specifications.
61   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
60   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
57   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
57   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
57   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Repair parts or assemblies.
57   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
56   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
56   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
55   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
55   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications.
55   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
55   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
54   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
54   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
51   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
50   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
49   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
47   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
47   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
46   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
46   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
44   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
44   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
42   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
40   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
40   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
39   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
30   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
27   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


100     Every day
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


62     Continually or almost continually
21     More than half the time
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


56     Extremely important
28     Very important
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


73     Every day
12     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


60     Every day
24     Once a week or more but not every day
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


71     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Never
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


59     Every day
18     Once a week or more but not every day
18     Never
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


43     Extremely important
29     Very important
12     Fairly important
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


43     Very important results
20     Important results
20     Moderate results
11     Minor results
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


45     A lot of freedom
15     Some freedom
22     Limited freedom
13     Very little freedom
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


44     Every day
18     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
24     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


41     Very high responsibility
19     High responsibility
23     Moderate responsibility
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


23     A lot of freedom
35     Some freedom
31     Limited freedom
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


52     Every day
12     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
21     Never
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


43     Constant contact with others
11     Contact with others most of the time
23     Contact with others about half the time
15     Occasional contact with others
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


36     Continually or almost continually
32     More than half the time
19     Less than half the time
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


35     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
27     Once a month or more but not every week
15     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


40     Every day
24     Once a week or more but not every day
24     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


39     Continually or almost continually
14     About half the time
40     Less than half the time
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


28     More than 40 hours
63     40 hours
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


24     Every day
32     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
18     Once a year or more but not every month
15     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


31     Continually or almost continually
21     More than half the time
24     Less than half the time
15     Never
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


19     Extremely important
23     Very important
32     Important
18     Fairly important
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


18     Extremely competitive
25     Highly competitive
37     Moderately competitive
17     Not at all competitive
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


32     Every day
24     Once a month or more but not every week
29     Once a year or more but not every month
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


22     Very serious
57     Serious
16     Fairly serious
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


26     Every day
15     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
25     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


30     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
11     Once a year or more but not every month
33     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


33     Very important
23     Important
14     Fairly important
21     Not important at all
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


22     Very high responsibility
20     High responsibility
13     Moderate responsibility
19     Limited responsibility
26     No responsibility
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


25     Moderately close (at arm's length)
39     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
17     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
16     I don't work near other people (beyond 100 ft.)
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


14     More than half the time
24     About half the time
36     Less than half the time
18     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


13     Every day
28     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
28     Never
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


25     Extremely important
25     Fairly important
42     Not important at all
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


12     More than half the time
14     About half the time
39     Less than half the time
26     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


32     Once a week or more but not every day
18     Once a year or more but not every month
42     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


15     Every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
32     Once a year or more but not every month
35     Never
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


22     Every day
16     Once a year or more but not every month
51     Never
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


20     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a year or more but not every month
57     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


19     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
29     Once a year or more but not every month
36     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


12     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
32     Once a year or more but not every month
30     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


12     Every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
54     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


18     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a year or more but not every month
61     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


23     Very important
11     Fairly important
55     Not important at all
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


15     About half the time
43     Less than half the time
35     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


13     About half the time
50     Less than half the time
31     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


32     Once a year or more but not every month
55     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


24     About half the time
17     Less than half the time
56     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
23     Once a year or more but not every month
59     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


21     Slightly automated
69     Not at all automated
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


12     Once a year or more but not every month
75     Never
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


19     Once a month or more but not every week
81     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


12     Once a week or more but not every day
84     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


20     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
80     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


91     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


15     Once a year or more but not every month
85     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


97     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
41   Post-secondary certificate Help
40   High school diploma or equivalent Help
13   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
39   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
22   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
11   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
 Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
93   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
82   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
75   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
75   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
75   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
75   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
74   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
73   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
72   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
71   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
70   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
66   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
64   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
62   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
59   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
47   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
61   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
39   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
33   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
33   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
28   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
28   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

51-2031.00 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers Green Occupation
51-4022.00 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
51-4031.00 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic   Green Occupation Green
51-4034.00 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
51-4072.00 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
51-4122.00 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
51-4193.00 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
51-7041.00 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood
51-7042.00 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing
51-9195.07 Molding and Casting Workers

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers.
Employment data collected from Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers.
Industry data collected from Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers.

Median wages (2013) $17.66 hourly, $36,720 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 357,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 108,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Manufacturing (61% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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