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Summary Report for:
17-1021.00 - Cartographers and Photogrammetrists

Collect, analyze, and interpret geographic information provided by geodetic surveys, aerial photographs, and satellite data. Research, study, and prepare maps and other spatial data in digital or graphic form for legal, social, political, educational, and design purposes. May work with Geographic Information Systems (GIS). May design and evaluate algorithms, data structures, and user interfaces for GIS and mapping systems.

Sample of reported job titles: Cartographer, Compiler, Digital Cartographer, Geographic Information Systems Specialist (GIS Specialist), GIS Analyst (Geographic Information Systems Analyst), Photogrammetric Technician, Photogrammetrist, Production Manager, Stereo Compiler, Stereoplotter Operator

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Determine map content and layout, as well as production specifications such as scale, size, projection, and colors, and direct production to ensure that specifications are followed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect final compositions to ensure completeness and accuracy. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Revise existing maps and charts, making all necessary corrections and adjustments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compile data required for map preparation, including aerial photographs, survey notes, records, reports, and original maps. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare and alter trace maps, charts, tables, detailed drawings, and three-dimensional optical models of terrain using stereoscopic plotting and computer graphics equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Delineate aerial photographic detail, such as control points, hydrography, topography, and cultural features, using precision stereoplotting apparatus or drafting instruments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Build and update digital databases. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine and analyze data from ground surveys, reports, aerial photographs, and satellite images to prepare topographic maps, aerial-photograph mosaics, and related charts. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify, scale, and orient geodetic points, elevations, and other planimetric or topographic features, applying standard mathematical formulas. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine guidelines that specify which source material is acceptable for use. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collect information about specific features of the Earth, using aerial photography and other digital remote sensing techniques. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study legal records to establish boundaries of local, national, and international properties. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Select aerial photographic and remote sensing techniques and plotting equipment needed to meet required standards of accuracy. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Travel over photographed areas to observe, identify, record, and verify all relevant features. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Aircraft guidance systems — Aerial imagery mapping-grade global positioning systems GPS See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compasses — Dividers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Computer servers — Windows servers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Curves — French curves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras — Digital camcorders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras — Color digital camera systems; Large-format aerial digital cameras; Panoramic digital line cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital image printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drafting kits or sets — Drafting instruments; Drafting machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Film editors — Film processors and editors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Global positioning system GPS receiver — Geodetic ground global positioning system GPS receivers; Global positioning system GPS receivers; Mapping grade global positioning system GPS receivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Infrared imagers — Video thermal imagers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laminators — Lamination systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels — Automatic levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Map measurers — Planimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Photographic enlargers — Photo enlargers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plotter printers — Analytical stereoplotters; Color inkjet plotters; Large-format plotters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Radarbased surveillance systems — Laser imaging detection and ranging LIDAR systems; Remote sensing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanners — Digitizers; Photogrammetric scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stencils or lettering aids — Type lettering sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • T squares — T-squares See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Templates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Theodolites — Total stations See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Triangles See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Boeing SoftPlotter; Kork digital mapping system KDMS software; RSI ENVI; Terrasolid TerraScan (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD software; Bentley Microstation; Cosmo Software Cosmo World; MultiGen Paradigm Vega Prime See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base management system software — Oracle software; Sybase SQL Server See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Autodesk World; Microsoft Access; Structured query language SQL See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data compression software — Arbor Image Draftsman See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Desktop publishing software — Corporate Montage CADScript; QuarkXPress See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Development environment software — Microsoft Visual Basic See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software — SAP software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Flight control software — Leica AEROPLAN LiDAR flight planning software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator; Aldus FreeHand; Corel CorelDraw Graphics Suite; Steroplotter software (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Information retrieval or search software — Digital databases; Master Seafloor Digital Database *; Rand McNally World Digital Database; World Vector Shoreline See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Microsoft Internet Explorer * See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Map creation software — ESRI ArcGIS software; ESRI ArcView; Mapthematics GeoCart; Precision analytical aerotriangulation pugging software (see all 12 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object or component oriented development software — Python See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web page creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver; Adobe Systems Adobe Flash Player; Quark Immedia See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Gather physical survey data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Calculate geographic positions from survey data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Survey land or bodies of water to measure or determine features. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate computer systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Select tools, equipment, or technologies for use in operations or projects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create maps. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect finished products to locate flaws. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze physical, survey, or geographic data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Determine operational methods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Determine design criteria or specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 87% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 92% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 71% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 60% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 72% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 61% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 65% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 69% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 48% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 43% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 48% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 57% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 38% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 45% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 31% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 46% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 42% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 34% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 27% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Degree of Automation — 40% responded “Moderately automated.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 50% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 41% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
54   Bachelor's degree
19   High school diploma or equivalent Help
9   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RIC

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $29.29 hourly, $60,930 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 12,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 4,900
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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