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Summary Report for:
17-2199.06 - Microsystems Engineers

Research, design, develop, or test microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) devices.

Sample of reported job titles: Control Systems Engineer, MEMS Integration Engineer (Microelectrical Mechanical Integration Engineer), Microsystems Engineer, Process Engineer, Product Design Engineer, Project Design Engineer, Project Engineer, Radio Frequency Design Engineer (RF Design Engineer), System Engineer, Systems Engineer

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks

  • Create schematics and physical layouts of integrated microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) components or packaged assemblies consistent with process, functional, or package constraints. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Investigate characteristics such as cost, performance, or process capability of potential microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) device designs, using simulation or modeling software. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Create or maintain formal engineering documents, such as schematics, bills of materials, components or materials specifications, or packaging requirements. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct analyses addressing issues such as failure, reliability, or yield improvement. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan or schedule engineering research or development projects involving microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Propose product designs involving microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology, considering market data or customer requirements. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop formal documentation for microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) devices, including quality assurance guidance, quality control protocols, process control checklists, data collection, or reporting. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Communicate operating characteristics or performance experience to other engineers or designers for training or new product development purposes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate materials, fabrication methods, joining methods, surface treatments, or packaging to ensure acceptable processing, performance, cost, sustainability, or availability. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Refine final microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) design to optimize design for target dimensions, physical tolerances, or processing constraints. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct harsh environmental testing, accelerated aging, device characterization, or field trials to validate devices, using inspection tools, testing protocols, peripheral instrumentation, or modeling and simulation software. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop or file intellectual property and patent disclosure or application documents related to microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) devices, products, or systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct or oversee the conduct of prototype development or microfabrication activities to ensure compliance to specifications and promote effective production processes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct experimental or virtual studies to investigate characteristics and processing principles of potential microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Devise microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) production methods, such as integrated circuit fabrication, lithographic electroform modeling, or micromachining. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop or validate specialized materials characterization procedures, such as thermal withstand, fatigue, notch sensitivity, abrasion, or hardness tests. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Validate fabrication processes for microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), using statistical process control implementation, virtual process simulations, data mining, or life testing. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Demonstrate miniaturized systems that contain components such as microsensors, microactuators, or integrated electronic circuits fabricated on silicon or silicon carbide wafers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Manage new product introduction projects to ensure effective deployment of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) devices or applications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct acceptance tests, vendor-qualification protocols, surveys, audits, corrective-action reviews, or performance monitoring of incoming materials or components to ensure conformance to specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop or implement microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) processing tools, fixtures, gages, dies, molds, or trays. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop customer documentation, such as performance specifications, training manuals, or operating instructions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify, procure, or develop test equipment, instrumentation, or facilities for characterization of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) applications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop or validate product-specific test protocols, acceptance thresholds, or inspection tools for quality control testing or performance measurement. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Oversee operation of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) fabrication or assembly equipment, such as handling, singulation, assembly, wire-bonding, soldering, or package sealing. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Consider environmental issues when proposing product designs involving microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design or develop energy products using nanomaterials or nanoprocesses, such as micro-nano machining. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design or develop industrial air quality microsystems, such as carbon dioxide fixing devices. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design or develop sensors to reduce the energy or resource requirements to operate appliances, such as washing machines or dishwashing machines. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design sensors or switches that require little or no power to operate for environmental monitoring or industrial metering applications. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Research or develop emerging microelectromechanical (MEMS) systems to convert nontraditional energy sources into power, such as ambient energy harvesters that convert environmental vibrations into usable energy. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Ammeters — Picoammeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Analytical balances — Electronic balances See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bench refractometers or polarimeters — Polarimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Binocular light compound microscopes — Inspection microscopes; Optical compound microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calibrated resistance measuring equipment — Resistivity measurement systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Capacitance meters — Inductance capacitance resistance LCR meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chemical or gas sterilizers — Ultraviolet ozone cleaners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Clock timers — Countdown timers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drying cabinets or ovens — Critical point dryers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electrogravimetry analyzers — Electrochemical analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic measuring probes — Mechanical probe stations See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fume hoods or cupboards — Laminar flow flume hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heated walk in environmental or growth chambers — Thermal chambers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic press frames — Hydraulic presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Impedance meters — Four point probes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Infrared spectrometers — Extractive Fourier transform infrared FTIR spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Isolation glove boxes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory evaporators — Metal evaporators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory hotplates — Hotplates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory safety furnaces — Oxidation furnaces See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Level generators — Pulse generators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Modulation meters — Time interval analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Multimeters — Digital multimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Network analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oscilloscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • pH meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanning electron microscopes — Scanning electron microscopes SEM See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanning probe microscopes — Atomic force microscopes AFM See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Semiconductor process systems — Inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etchers ICP-RIE; Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition PECVD systems; Thin film deposition systems; Wet chemical etching systems (see all 20 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Semiconductor testers — Curve tracers; Parametric testers; Semiconductor parameter analyzers; Thin film measurement systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Signal generators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrometers — Raman scattering spectroscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrophotometers — Fluorescence spectrophotometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surface tension measuring instruments — Contact angle measurement systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surface testers — Profilometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers — Rapid thermal annealers RTA See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thickness measuring devices — Ellipsometers; Spectroscopic ellipsometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tube furnaces See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tumblers or polishers — Chemical mechanical polishing CMP systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultra pure water systems — Deionized water systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vibration testers — Vibration measurement systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • X ray diffraction equipment — X ray diffractometers See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Simulation software; The MathWorks MATLAB Hot technology ; Very high speed integrated circuit VHSIC hardware description language VHDL simulation software; WinSpice (see all 42 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Autodesk AutoCAD software; MEMSCAP MEMS Pro; PTC Creo Parametric Hot technology ; Xcircuit (see all 10 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Microsoft Access Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Development environment software — C Hot technology ; Microsoft Visual Basic Hot technology ; National Instruments LabVIEW Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Industrial control software — Statistical process control SPC software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object or component oriented development software — C++ Hot technology ; Practical extraction and reporting language PERL Hot technology ; Python Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Operating system software — Apple Macintosh OS; Linux Hot technology ; Microsoft Windows; UNIX Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Knowledge

  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Select tools, equipment, or technologies for use in operations or projects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop technical methods or processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Document technical design details. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Schedule operational activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct design or development activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare contracts, disclosures, or applications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test performance of electrical, electronic, mechanical, or integrated systems or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design alternative energy systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create graphical representations of mechanical equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design industrial processing systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Confer with technical personnel to prepare designs or operational plans. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design electromechanical equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare proposal documents. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design electronic or computer equipment or instrumentation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate precision equipment to control microscopic or nanoscopic processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train personnel on proper operational procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare procedural documents. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create models of engineering designs or methods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Devise research or testing protocols. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Purchase materials, equipment, or other resources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct quantitative failure analyses of operational data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design systems to reduce harmful emissions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research engineering applications of emerging technologies. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct validation tests of equipment or processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design energy production or management equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Investigate the environmental impact of projects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design micro- or nano-scale materials, devices, or systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect operational processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research industrial processes or operations. See more occupations related to this activity.

Find occupations related to multiple detailed work activities

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 88% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 86% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 62% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 58% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 58% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 52% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 68% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 54% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 46% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 23% responded “Contact with others about half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 77% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 36% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 33% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 56% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 36% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 74% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 35% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, surgeons, and veterinarians.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
34   Master's degree
31   Bachelor's degree
22   Doctoral degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Engineering — Manufacturing Engineering

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: IRC

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Employment data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Industry data collected from Engineers, All Other.

Median wages (2015) $46.11 hourly, $95,900 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 137,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Slower than average (2% to 4%) Slower than average (2% to 4%)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 33,000
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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