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Summary Report for:
19-1042.00 - Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists

Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation, research and development, or other related activities. Includes physicians, dentists, public health specialists, pharmacologists, and medical pathologists who primarily conduct research.

Sample of reported job titles: Associate Director, Experimental Medicine; Clinical Laboratory Scientist; Clinical Pharmacologist; Investigator; Laboratory Director; Post-Doctoral Fellow; Research Scientist; Scientist; Senior Research Scientist; Senior Scientist

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Plan and direct studies to investigate human or animal disease, preventive methods, and treatments for disease. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct research to develop methodologies, instrumentation, and procedures for medical application, analyzing data and presenting findings to the scientific audience and general public. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study animal and human health and physiological processes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Follow strict safety procedures when handling toxic materials to avoid contamination. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Write and publish articles in scientific journals. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate effects of drugs, gases, pesticides, parasites, and microorganisms at various levels. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Use equipment such as atomic absorption spectrometers, electron microscopes, flow cytometers, and chromatography systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare and analyze organ, tissue, and cell samples to identify toxicity, bacteria, or microorganisms or to study cell structure. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Standardize drug dosages, methods of immunization, and procedures for manufacture of drugs and medicinal compounds. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Investigate cause, progress, life cycle, or mode of transmission of diseases or parasites. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Consult with and advise physicians, educators, researchers, and others regarding medical applications of physics, biology, and chemistry. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Teach principles of medicine and medical and laboratory procedures to physicians, residents, students, and technicians. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Confer with health departments, industry personnel, physicians, and others to develop health safety standards and public health improvement programs. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Atomic absorption AA spectrometers — Atomic absorption AA spectrophotometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Benchtop centrifuges — Automated centrifuges; Centrifuges; High-speed centrifuges; Tabletop centrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Beta counters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Binocular light compound microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blood gas analyzers — Blood gas machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calorimeters — Bomb calorimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chemistry analyzers — Mercury analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chromatography tubing — Absorption tubes; Chromatographic tubes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Coagulation analyzers — Coagulation machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Colorimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Complementary deoxyribonucleic acid cDNA synthesis kits — Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA synthesizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conductivity meters — Electrical conductivity meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cuvettes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Deoxyribonucleic sequence analyzers — Automated deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequencers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dropping pipettes — Pipettes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dry baths or heating blocks — Heating blocks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dry wall single chamber carbon dioxide incubators — Carbon dioxide CO2 incubators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electrocardiography EKG units — Electrocardiography EKG machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electron microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electrophoresis system power supplies — Electrophoresis power systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Extracting equipment for laboratories — Steam distillation apparatus See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forced air or mechanical convection general purpose incubators — Incubators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fume hoods or cupboards — Fume hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gamma counters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas chromatographs — Gas chromatographs GC See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gel boxes — Gel electrophoresis boxes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gel documentation systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gel dryers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hematology analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hematology or chemistry mixers — Peptide synthesizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • High pressure liquid chromatograph chromatography — High-pressure liquid chromatographs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Homogenizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Instrumentation for capillary electrophoresis — Capillary electrophoresis equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ion chromatographs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ion selective electrode ISE meters — Selective ion meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory balances — Balances See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory blenders or emulsifiers — Blenders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory evaporators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory filtration hardware or accessories — Crossflow filtration systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory flasks — Erlenmeyer flasks; Flasks; Volumetric flasks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory funnels — Filter funnels; Powder funnels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory graduated cylinders — Measuring cylinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory heaters — Heat lamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory hotplates — Hot plates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory mechanical convection ovens — Hot air ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory sprayers — Spray atomizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory washing machines — Glassware washers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laminar flow cabinets or stations — Laminar flow hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Liquid scintillation counters — Scintillation counters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Magnetic stirrers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mainframe computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manual or electronic hematology differential cell counters — Coulter counters; Differential cell counters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mass spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical computed tomography CT or CAT scanners or tubes — Computerized axial tomography CAT scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical magnetic resonance imaging MRI scanners — High-resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging MRI equipment; Medical magnetic resonance imaging MRI equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical positron emission tomography PET units — Positron emission tomography PET scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical ultrasound bone densitometers — Bone ultrasound densitometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical ultrasound or doppler or pulse echo or echography units for general diagnostic use — Ultrasound imaging scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microbiology analyzers — Flow cytometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microcentrifuges — Fixed-angle microfuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microplate readers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microplate washers — Plate washers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microplates — Thin layer chromatography plates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mobile or transportable medical linear accelerators — Cyclotrons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectrometers — Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectroscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pasteur or transfer pipettes — Pasteur pipettes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Petri plates or dishes — Microdiffusion dishes; Petri dishes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • pH meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Photometers — Flame photometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Refrigerated benchtop centrifuges — Refrigerated centrifuges; Refrigerated swinging bucket centrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Robotic or automated liquid handling systems — Liquid handling robots; Microarrayer scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanning light or spinning disk or laser scanning microscopes — Confocal microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shaking incubators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrophotometers — Cold vapor atomic absorption spectrophotometers; Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometers; Recording spectrophotometers; Ultraviolet-Visible UV/VIS spectrophotometers (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Standard fermentation units — Fermenters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Steam autoclaves or sterilizers — Autoclaves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers — Thermal cyclers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thin layer chromatography tanks — Developing tanks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thinlayer chromatographs — Thin layer chromatography equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultra cold or ultralow upright cabinets or freezers — Ultralow freezers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultracentrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultrasonic disintegrators — Cell disruptors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultraviolet crosslinkers — Ultraviolet UV crosslinkers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum or centrifugal concentrators — Speed vacs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum or rotary evaporators — Rotary evaporators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Videoscopes — Microscope/video camera stations See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vortex mixers See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — BioArray Software Environment BASE software; Medical Scientists HybridAI; Waters MassLynx; Waters Q-DIS/QM LIMS (see all 11 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Database software; Waters eLab Notebook; Waters Empower 2 See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Development environment software — Microsoft Visual Basic See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Operating system software — Linux; UNIX See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Plan biological research. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor operational procedures in technical environments to ensure conformance to standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct medical science or healthcare programs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research diseases or parasites. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establish standards for medical care. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Advise others on healthcare matters. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Instruct college students in physical or life sciences. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze biological samples. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate laboratory or field equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establish standards for products, processes, or procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 99% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 78% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 79% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 93% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 76% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 86% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 77% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 70% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 73% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 47% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 46% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 41% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 39% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 39% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 41% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 44% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 55% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 27% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 30% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
45   Post-doctoral training
29   Doctoral degree
20   Master's degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Life Sciences — Anatomy; Biochemistry; Biology, General; Biophysics; Biostatistics; Cell/Cellular Biology and Anatomical Sciences (see all 20 programs)

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: IRA

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $38.43 hourly, $79,930 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 103,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 35,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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