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Summary Report for:
19-2031.00 - Chemists

Conduct qualitative and quantitative chemical analyses or experiments in laboratories for quality or process control or to develop new products or knowledge.

Sample of reported job titles: Air Quality Chemist, Analytical Chemist, Chemical Laboratory Scientist, Chemist, Forensic Chemist, Forensic Scientist, Quality Control Chemist (QC Chemist), Research Chemist, Scientist, Senior Chemist

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Analyze organic or inorganic compounds to determine chemical or physical properties, composition, structure, relationships, or reactions, using chromatography, spectroscopy, or spectrophotometry techniques. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct quality control tests. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain laboratory instruments to ensure proper working order and troubleshoot malfunctions when needed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare test solutions, compounds, or reagents for laboratory personnel to conduct tests. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Induce changes in composition of substances by introducing heat, light, energy, or chemical catalysts for quantitative or qualitative analysis. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate laboratory safety procedures to ensure compliance with standards or to make improvements as needed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compile and analyze test information to determine process or equipment operating efficiency or to diagnose malfunctions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Write technical papers or reports or prepare standards and specifications for processes, facilities, products, or tests. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Confer with scientists or engineers to conduct analyses of research projects, interpret test results, or develop nonstandard tests. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop, improve, or customize products, equipment, formulas, processes, or analytical methods. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct, coordinate, or advise personnel in test procedures for analyzing components or physical properties of materials. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Purchase laboratory supplies, such as chemicals, when supplies are low or near their expiration date. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study effects of various methods of processing, preserving, or packaging on composition or properties of foods. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Ageing ovens — Solar simulators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Analytical balances — Magnetic susceptibility balances See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Atomic absorption AA spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Benchtop centrifuges — Chemical centrifuges; High-speed centrifuges; Tabletop centrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calorimeters — Differential scanning calorimeters; Oxygen bomb calorimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chart recorders — Strip chart recorders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chemistry analyzers — Carbon hydrogen nitrogen CHN elemental analyzers; Stripping analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chilling units or cold water circulators — Refrigerated circulators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conductivity meters — Conductance meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cryostats See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cuvettes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Densitometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dissolved carbon dioxide analyzers — Respirometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dissolved oxygen meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Distillation pipings or columns or fittings — Airfree/waterfree solvent purification systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dropping pipettes — Micropipettes; Pipettes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electrogravimetry analyzers — Electrochemical analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic measuring probes — Immersion probes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic toploading balances — Top-loading electronic balances See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electrophoresis system accessories — Fraction collectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Extracting equipment for laboratories — Microdistillation ovens; Microwave digestion systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flask or retort units — Distilling units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Floor centrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flow injection analysis equipment — Flow injection analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fluorescent microscopes — Fluorescence microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Freeze dryers or lyopholizers — Freeze dryers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Freezedryers or lyophilzers — Benchtop lyophilizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fume hoods or cupboards — Fume hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Galvanometers — Galvanostats See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas burners — Bunsen burners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas chromatographs — Gas chromatographs GC See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gel documentation accessories — Digital electrophoresis documentation and analysis systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gel documentation systems — Digital gel analyzer systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • General purpose refrigerators or refrigerator freezers — Cryogenic refrigerators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heating or drying equipment or accessories — Deflagration spoons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hematology or chemistry mixers — Automatic peptide synthesizers; Mini synthesizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • High pressure liquid chromatograph chromatography — High-performance liquid chromatographs; High-pressure liquid chromatography systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • High vacuum combustion apparatus — Combustion furnaces See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Homogenizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hot air blowers — Air dryers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Illuminators for microscopes — Mercury lamp photolysis systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Inductively coupled plasma ICP spectrometers — Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometers ICP-MS See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Infrared spectrometers — Fourier transform infrared FTIR spectrometers; Infrared IR spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Injectors — Microinjectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Instrumentation for capillary electrophoresis — Capillary electrophoresis systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Inverted microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ion selective electrode ISE meters — Ion analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Isolation glove boxes — Inert atmosphere glove boxes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory balances — Micro electrobalances See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory beakers — Beakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory blenders or emulsifiers — Hydrogenation apparatus See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory box furnaces — Box furnace ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory burets — Burets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory chillers — Closed cycle refrigerators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory evaporators — Cold trap evaporators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory flasks — Erlenmeyer flasks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory funnels — Funnels; Thistle tubes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory graduated cylinders — Graduated cylinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory heat exchange condensers — Lab heat exchangers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory hotplates — Hot plates with magnetic stirrers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory mills — Grinder mills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory mixers — Plasticorders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory vacuum pumps — Reagent pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory washing machines — Glassware washers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser beam analyzers — Laser power meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lasers — Diode lasers; Helium-cadmium lasers; Nitrogen lasers; Picosecond lasers (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Liquid chromatographs — Liquid chromatographs LC See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Liquid chromatography fittings — Photochemical reactors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Liquid scintillation counters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Magnetic stirrers — Tube magnetic mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Magnetometer geophysical instruments — Magnetometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mainframe computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mass spectrometers — Gas chromatograph mass spectrometers GC-MS See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Melting point recorders — Melting point apparatus See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microcentrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microplates — Multiwell microplates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Monocular microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Multipurpose or general test tubes — Test tubes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Multiwell plates — Well tissue culture plates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Optical diffraction apparatus — Particle size analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Orbital shaking water baths — Shaking waterbaths See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oscilloscopes — Signal average storage scopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Petri plates or dishes — Petri dishes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • pH meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plotter printers — Large-format plotters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Polarimeters — Polarographic analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Polarizing microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Potentiometers — Potentiostats See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure sensors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Reactors or fermenters or digesters — High-pressure high-temperature reactors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Refrigerated benchtop centrifuges — Refrigerated high-speed centrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Respirators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rheometers — Oscillating disc rheometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Robotic or automated liquid handling systems — Pipetting stations See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanning electron microscopes — Scanning electron microscopes SEM See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanning probe microscopes — Nanoscopes; Scanning tunneling microscopes STM See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shaking incubators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Solvent recyclers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrofluorimeters or fluorimeters — Spectrofluorimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrometers — Luminescence spectrometers; Ultraviolet-visible spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrophotometers — Microplate spectrophotometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spirit burners — Alcohol lamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stereo or dissecting light microscopes — Stereo zoom microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Syringe pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers — Thermal cyclers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tension testers — Tensile testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermal conductivity analyzers — Conductivity detectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermo gravimetry analyzers — Thermal gravimetric analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tissue culture coated plates or dishes or inserts — Tissue culture plates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Titration equipment — Autotitrators; Karl Fischer titrators; Titrators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tube furnaces — Split-hinge furnaces; Tubular furnaces See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultracentrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultrasonic disintegrators — Sonicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum or centrifugal concentrators — Centrifugal evaporator concentrators; Speed-vac concentrators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum or rotary evaporators — Distillation ovens; Rotary evaporators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum ovens — Annealing ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water baths See more occupations related to this tool.
  • X ray diffraction equipment — Single crystal x ray diffractometers See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Agilent ChemStation; Bruker BioSpin TopSpin; Waters Empower Chromatography Data Software; Wavefunction Spartan (see all 35 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Charting software — Microsoft Office Visio See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software — ChemInnovation Software Chem 4-D; ChemSW Molecular Modeling Pro; Hypercube HyperChem See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — ChemSW Buffer Maker; JDA Arthur KnowledgeBase database; LabTrack Electronic Lab Notebook; Molsearch Pro (see all 10 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Development environment software — C; Microsoft Visual Basic See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Document management software — ChemSW Laboratory Document Control System LDCS See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise application integration software — Extensible markup language XML See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software — SAP software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Digital imaging software; Graphics software; MolDraw * See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Inventory management software — ChemSW Chemical Inventory System CIS; ItemTracker software; UBI Biotracker See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object or component oriented development software — C++; Sun Microsystems Java See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Apple iWork software; Microsoft Office software; NeoOffice * See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Apple iWork Keynote; Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Apple iWork Numbers; Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web platform development software — Hypertext markup language HTML See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Apple iWork Pages; Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze chemical compounds or substances. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor operational procedures in technical environments to ensure conformance to standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate on research activities with scientists or technical specialists. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain laboratory or technical equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test quality of materials or finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Supervise scientific or technical personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare compounds or solutions for products or testing. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research methods to improve food products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establish standards for products, processes, or procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop new or advanced products or production methods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Manage scientific or technical project resources. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 90% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 93% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 82% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 73% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 68% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 79% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 48% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 43% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 52% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 41% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 41% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 35% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 44% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 48% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 39% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 39% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 56% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 30% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 34% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 37% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 30% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 32% responded “Fairly serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 45% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 43% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 32% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 52% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 24% responded “Fairly important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 55% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
86   Bachelor's degree
7   Master's degree
4   Associate's degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Chemistry — Analytical Chemistry; Chemical Physics; Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry; Organic Chemistry; Physical and Theoretical Chemistry (see all 7 programs)
Physics/Astronomy — Chemical Physics

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: IRC

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $35.33 hourly, $73,480 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 88,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 27,800
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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