Summary Report for:
25-4031.00 - Library Technicians
Assist librarians by helping readers in the use of library catalogs, databases, and indexes to locate books and other materials; and by answering questions that require only brief consultation of standard reference. Compile records; sort and shelve books or other media; remove or repair damaged books or other media; register patrons; and check materials in and out of the circulation process. Replace materials in shelving area (stacks) or files. Includes bookmobile drivers who assist with providing services in mobile libraries.
Sample of reported job titles: Acquisitions Technician, Assistant Librarian, Library Aide, Library Assistant, Library Associate, Library Clerk, Library Specialist, Library Technical Assistant (LTA), Library Technician, Page Technician
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Help patrons find and use library resources, such as reference materials, audio-visual equipment, computers, and other electronic resources and provide technical assistance when needed.
- Answer routine telephone or in-person reference inquiries, referring patrons to librarians for further assistance, when necessary.
- Process print and non-print library materials to prepare them for inclusion in library collections.
- Reserve, circulate, renew, and discharge books and other materials.
- Catalogue and sort books and other print and non-print materials according to procedure and return them to shelves, files, or other designated storage areas.
- Provide assistance to teachers and students by locating materials and helping to complete special projects.
- Organize and maintain periodicals and reference materials.
- Maintain and troubleshoot problems with library equipment, including computers, photocopiers, and audio-visual equipment.
- Deliver and retrieve items throughout the library by hand or using pushcart.
- Train other staff, volunteers, or student assistants and schedule and supervise their work.
- Order all print and non-print library materials, checking prices, figuring costs, preparing order slips, and making payments.
- Process interlibrary loans for patrons.
- Enter and update patrons' records on computers.
- Retrieve information from central databases for storage in a library's computer.
- Prepare volumes for binding.
- Verify bibliographical data for materials, including author, title, publisher, publication date, and edition.
- Review subject matter of materials to be classified and select classification numbers and headings according to classification systems.
- Issue identification cards to borrowers.
- Send out notices about lost or overdue books.
- Collect fines and respond to complaints about fines.
- Compile and maintain records relating to circulation, materials, and equipment.
- Check for damaged library materials, such as books or audio-visual equipment, and provide replacements or make repairs.
- Collaborate with archivists to arrange for the safe storage of historical records and documents.
- Claim missing issues of periodicals and journals.
- Conduct reference searches, using printed materials and in-house and online databases.
- Take actions to halt disruption of library activities by problem patrons.
- Plan and conduct children's programs, community outreach programs, and other specialized programs, such as library tours.
- File catalog cards according to system used.
- Compile data and create statistical reports on library usage.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Bar code reader equipment — Barcode scanners
- Cargo trucks — Bookmobiles
- Cash registers
- Desktop computers
- Digital video disk players or recorders — Digital video disk DVD players
- Film projectors
- Microfiche or microfilm viewers — Microfiche readers; Microfilm readers
- Microfiche reader printers — Microfilm printers
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Personal computers
- Photocopiers — Photocopying equipment
- Special purpose telephones — Multi-line telephone systems
- Video cassette players or recorders — Video cassette recorders VCR
Technology used in this occupation:
- Data base user interface and query software — Ex Libris Group Aleph; Inmagic TextWorks; Microsoft Access; National Library of Medicine Medline (see all 6 examples)
- Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat software
- Electronic mail software — Email software
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Library software — Online Computer Library Center OCLC; SirsiDynix Symphony; WebClarity Software BookWhere; WorldCat (see all 8 examples)
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Web page creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver
- Word processing software — HandyFile Find and Replace Text Aid Kit; Microsoft Word
- Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
Detailed Work Activities
- Develop instructional materials.
- Order instructional or library materials or equipment.
- Write articles, books or other original materials in area of expertise.
- Organize informational materials.
- Maintain operational records.
- Help patrons use library or archival resources.
- Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
- Process library materials.
- Develop library or archival databases.
- Search information sources to find specific data.
- Confer with others to conduct or arrange operational activities.
- Direct activities of subordinates.
- Train staff members.
- Classify materials according to standard systems.
- Distribute instructional or library materials.
- Operate audiovisual equipment.
- Inspect materials or equipment to determine need for repair or replacement.
- Provide information to the general public.
- Maintain computer equipment or software.
- Plan community programs or activities for the general public.
- Assist other educational professionals with projects or research.
- Compile specialized bibliographies or lists of materials.
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 91% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 98% responded “Every day.”
- Electronic Mail — 92% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 86% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others
- Deal With External Customers — 76% responded “Extremely important.”
- Work With Work Group or Team
- Physical Proximity — 19% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 20% responded “Extremely important.”
- Letters and Memos — 62% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 11% responded “Limited freedom.”
- Spend Time Sitting — 16% responded “More than half the time.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 11% responded “Limited freedom.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 64% responded “More than half the time.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 14% responded “Extremely important.”
- Degree of Automation — 78% responded “Highly automated.”
- Consequence of Error — 16% responded “Not serious at all.”
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 19% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 15% responded “Less than 40 hours.”
- Time Pressure — 13% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 13% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results
|Title||Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.|
|Related Experience||A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.|
|Job Zone Examples||Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.|
|SVP Range||(7.0 to < 8.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|Not available||Bachelor's degree|
|Not available||Professional degree|
|Not available||High school diploma or equivalent|
Interest code: CSE
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
- Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$15.23 hourly, $31,680 annual|
|Employment (2012)||106,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Average (8% to 14%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||66,300|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Library Technicians and Assistants . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.