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Summary Report for:
27-1013.00 - Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators

Create original artwork using any of a wide variety of media and techniques.

Sample of reported job titles: Artist, Artist Blacksmith, Automotive Artist, Fine Artist, Illustrator, Painter, Portrait Artist, Sacred Art Artist, Sculptor, Stained Glass Artist

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Use materials such as pens and ink, watercolors, charcoal, oil, or computer software to create artwork. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Integrate and develop visual elements, such as line, space, mass, color, and perspective, to produce desired effects, such as the illustration of ideas, emotions, or moods. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Confer with clients, editors, writers, art directors, and other interested parties regarding the nature and content of artwork to be produced. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Submit preliminary or finished artwork or project plans to clients for approval, incorporating changes as necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain portfolios of artistic work to demonstrate styles, interests, and abilities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Create finished art work as decoration, or to elucidate or substitute for spoken or written messages. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut, bend, laminate, arrange, and fasten individual or mixed raw and manufactured materials and products to form works of art. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor events, trends, and other circumstances, research specific subject areas, attend art exhibitions, and read art publications to develop ideas and keep current on art world activities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study different techniques to learn how to apply them to artistic endeavors. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Render drawings, illustrations, and sketches of buildings, manufactured products, or models, working from sketches, blueprints, memory, models, or reference materials. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Create sketches, profiles, or likenesses of posed subjects or photographs, using any combination of freehand drawing, mechanical assembly kits, and computer imaging. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Create sculptures, statues, and other three-dimensional artwork by using abrasives and tools to shape, carve, and fabricate materials such as clay, stone, wood, or metal. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study styles, techniques, colors, textures, and materials used in works undergoing restoration to ensure consistency during the restoration process. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop project budgets for approval, estimating time lines and material costs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Shade and fill in sketch outlines and backgrounds, using a variety of media such as water colors, markers, and transparent washes, labeling designated colors when necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collaborate with engineers, mechanics, and other technical experts as necessary to build and install creations. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Create and prepare sketches and model drawings of cartoon characters, providing details from memory, live models, manufactured products, or reference materials. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine and test paintings in need of restoration or cleaning to determine techniques and materials to be used. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Create graphics, illustrations, and three-dimensional models to be used in research or in teaching, such as in demonstrating anatomy, pathology, or surgical procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Brush or spray protective or decorative finishes on completed background panels, informational legends, exhibit accessories, or finished paintings. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Anatomical models — Bust armatures; Figure armature systems; Head armatures See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Angle grinder — Angle grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Artist knives — Encaustic scrapers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bench scales — Digital scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Oxyacetylene torches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers — Digital calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Camera flashes or lighting — Remote firing flashes; Stationary lighting systems; Strobe flashes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Camera lens — Camera lenses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Camera lens filter — Lens filters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Camera tripods — Photography tripods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Clay or modeling tools — Clay cutters; Sculpting thumbs; Slab rollers; Thin line sculpting tools (see all 25 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Developing tongs — Printing tongs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Developing trays — Processing trays See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras — Single lens reflex SLR cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drying cabinets or ovens — Drying cabinets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Extruders for modeling materials — Handheld clay extruders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Film squeegee — Print squeegees See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fountain pens — Artists' fountain pens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Brazing tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grinding machines — Ball mills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers — Bush hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Handheld thermometer — Digital thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydrometers — Digital hydrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Kiln accessories for firing ceramics — Kiln oxygen probes; Kiln ventilation hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Kiln furniture — Ceramic bead bars; Kiln carts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Kilns for firing ceramics — Electric kilns; Gas kilns; Pottery kilns; Raku kilns (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory graduated cylinders — Graduated measuring cylinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers — Photo quality computer printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Masks or accessories — Dust masks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mat cutter — Mat cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint sprayers — Paint spray guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Palette knives — Artists' palette knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Palettes for paint or ink mixing — Artists' palettes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Photographic enlargers — Photo enlargers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Photographic timer — Enlarger timers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plasma cutting machine — Plasma cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic hammer — Pneumatic chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Potters wheels for hand made ceramics — Electric potters wheels; Kick wheels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power grinders — Die grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power sanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Electric saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protective gloves — Heat resistant gloves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pyrometers — Digital pyrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rasps — Riffler rasps; Steel rasps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rock cutters — Stone saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety glasses — Protective safety glasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sand blasting machine — Sandblasting guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanners — Computer data input scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sharpening stones or tools or kits — Tool sharpening stones See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spatulas — Encaustic spatulas See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Specialty brushes — Acrylic paintbrushes; Oil paintbrushes; Sumi paintbrushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spirit burners — Alcohol lamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stonemason chisel — Hand chisels; Stone carving chisels; Stone carving knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tablet computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermocouples — Theromcouples See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tile cutter — Tile cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tongs — Dipping tongs; Raku tongs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Triple beam balances — Triple beam scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives — Linoleum cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Viscosimeters — Digital viscosometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Watercolor brushes — Watercolor paintbrushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welding masks — Welding facial shields See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wood chisels — Wood carving chisels; Wood carving skews See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wood gouge — Wood carving gouges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wood mannequins — 23 See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Accounting software — Intuit QuickBooks software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software — Trimble SketchUp See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — ArtScope.net eArtist; Camp Software Art Licensing Manager; FileMaker Bento; GYST software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Document management software — Code Line Art Files See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software; Paintbrush *; Xara Designer Pro X (see all 14 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Instant messaging software — Twitter See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Point of sale POS software — Credit card processing software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Project management software — WorkingArtist Systems WorkingArtist See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web page creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver; Facebook * See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Construct distinctive physical objects for artistic, functional, or commercial purposes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Draw detailed or technical illustrations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with others to determine technical details of productions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Determine technical requirements of productions or projects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with others to prepare or perform artistic productions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop artistic or design concepts for decoration, exhibition, or commercial purposes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate costs for projects or productions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Present work to clients for approval. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply finishes to artwork, crafts, or displays. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create computer-generated graphics or animation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Entertain public with comedic or dramatic performances. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate logistics for productions or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct research to inform art, designs, or other work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor current trends. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain records, documents, or other files. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Build models, patterns, or templates. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research new technologies. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 88% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 86% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 83% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 57% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 51% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 47% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 65% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 34% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 51% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 35% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 37% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 27% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 40% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 48% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 30% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 33% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 37% responded “Occasional contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
22   High school diploma or equivalent Help
22   Bachelor's degree
16   Less than high school diploma

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: AR

  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $21.10 hourly, $43,890 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 29,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 7,900
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Craft and Fine Artists external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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