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Summary Report for:
29-1123.00 - Physical Therapists

Assess, plan, organize, and participate in rehabilitative programs that improve mobility, relieve pain, increase strength, and improve or correct disabling conditions resulting from disease or injury.

Sample of reported job titles: Chief Physical Therapist; Home Care Physical Therapist; Outpatient Physical Therapist; Pediatric Physical Therapist; Per Diem Physical Therapist; Physical Therapist (PT); Physical Therapist, Director of Rehabilitation; Registered Physical Therapist (RPT); Rehabilitation Services Director; Staff Physical Therapist (Staff PT)

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Plan, prepare, or carry out individually designed programs of physical treatment to maintain, improve, or restore physical functioning, alleviate pain, or prevent physical dysfunction in patients. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform and document an initial exam, evaluating data to identify problems and determine a diagnosis prior to intervention. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate effects of treatment at various stages and adjust treatments to achieve maximum benefit. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify and document goals, anticipated progress, and plans for reevaluation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record prognosis, treatment, response, and progress in patient's chart or enter information into computer. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Obtain patients' informed consent to proposed interventions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Test and measure patient's strength, motor development and function, sensory perception, functional capacity, or respiratory or circulatory efficiency and record data. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review physician's referral and patient's medical records to help determine diagnosis and physical therapy treatment required. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Discharge patient from physical therapy when goals or projected outcomes have been attained and provide for appropriate follow-up care or referrals. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Instruct patient and family in treatment procedures to be continued at home. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Administer manual exercises, massage, or traction to help relieve pain, increase patient strength, or decrease or prevent deformity or crippling. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct, supervise, assess, and communicate with supportive personnel. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inform patients and refer to appropriate practitioners when diagnosis reveals findings outside physical therapy. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide information to the patient about the proposed intervention, its material risks and expected benefits, and any reasonable alternatives. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Confer with the patient, medical practitioners, or appropriate others to plan, implement, or assess the intervention program. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide educational information about physical therapy or physical therapists, injury prevention, ergonomics, or ways to promote health. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Administer treatment involving application of physical agents, using equipment, moist packs, ultraviolet or infrared lamps, or ultrasound machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Teach physical therapy students or those in other health professions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Refer clients to community resources or services. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate, fit, or adjust prosthetic or orthotic devices or recommend modification to orthotist. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct or support research and apply research findings to practice. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Participate in community or community agency activities or help to formulate public policy. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct group rehabilitation activities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Construct, maintain, or repair medical supportive devices. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Back or lumbar or sacral orthopedic softgoods — Sacro-illiac joint lumbar corsets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Balance beams or boards or bolsters or rockers for rehabilitation or therapy — Balance beams; Balance boards; Bolsters/wedges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blood pressure cuff kits — Blood pressure cuffs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Canes or cane accessories — Canes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cardiac output CO monitoring units or accessories — Heart rate monitors; Portable cardiac monitors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cervical collars or neck braces — Neck braces See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cognitive or dexterity or perceptual or sensory evaluation or testing products — Digital inclinometer range of motion measurement instruments; Electronic manual muscle testers; Muscle testing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Continuous passive motion CPM devices or accessories — Continuous passive motion CPM machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Crutches or crutch accessories — Crutches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras — Digital video cameras; Digital video equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dynamometers — Muscle strength dynamometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electric vibrators for rehabilitation or therapy — Massagers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electromyography EMG units or accessories — Electromyographs EMG; Surface electromyography equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic blood pressure units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electrotherapy combination units — Interferential electrical stimulation machines; Iontophoresis equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Exercise trampolines — Rebounders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Extremity hydrotherapy baths or tanks — Fluidotherapy equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Force or torque sensors — Force sensors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Full body immersion hydrotherapy baths or tanks — Whirlpool therapy baths See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gait belts for rehabilitation or therapy — Gait belts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Galvanic or faradic stimulators — High-voltage Galvanic stimulation machines; Low volt muscle stimulators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Goniometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grip strengthener — Hydraulic hand dynamometers; Isotonic exercise equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Infrared lamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Knee brace or support — Knee braces See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lower body resistance machines — Isokinetic lower body testing/rehabilitation equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lower extremity prosthetic devices — Above-the-knee prosthetics; Below-the-knee prosthetics See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mats or platforms for rehabilitation or therapy — Biomechanical ankle platform system BAPS systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical hydrocollators or accessories — Hydrocollator heating units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Neuromuscular stimulators or kits — Functional electrical stimulation FES equipment; Neuromuscular stimulation equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmoscopes or otoscopes or scope sets — Otoscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Orthopedic traction hardware or weights — Traction equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Orthopedic traction softgoods for general use — Traction belts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Orthotics or foot care products — Orthotics See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Parallel bars for rehabilitation or therapy — Parallel bars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Patient care beds or accessories for general use — Hospital roto beds See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Patient care beds or accessories for specialty care — Adjusting tables; Standing tables; Tilt tables See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Patient lifts or accessories — Hoyer lifts; Total lift chairs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Patient shifting boards or accessories — Sliding boards See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pedal exercisers for rehabilitation or therapy — Exercise bicycles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pelvis or back traction supplies — Pelvic traction equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pivotal traction therapy supplies — Cervical pivots; Lumbar pivots; Occipivots; Thoracic pivots See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Powder boards for rehabilitation or therapy — Powder boards See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pulleys or accessories for rehabilitation or therapy — Pulley exercise systems; Wall pulleys See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Reachers for the physically challenged — Reachers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Reflex hammers or mallets — Babinski hammers; Neurological hammers; Percussion hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Resistive exercise bands or putty or tubing or accessories for rehabilitation or therapy — Resistive exercise bands; Resistive tubing See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rowing machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Short wave diathermy units — Diathermy equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stair climbers — Stepper exercisers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Therapeutic balls or accessories — Exercise balls; Swiss exercise balls See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Therapeutic cryo compression therapy system and accessories — Cryotherapy equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Therapeutic heating or cooling pads or compresses or packs — Ice packs; Moist hot packs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Therapeutic paraffin baths or accessories — Paraffin baths See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Training stairs for rehabilitation or therapy — Training stairs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation units — Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation TENS equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Treadmill exercisers for rehabilitation or therapy — Aquacisers; Therapeutic treadmill exercisers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultrasonic therapy apparatus or supplies — Phonopheresis equipment; Ultrasound machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultraviolet UV lamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Upper body resistance machines — Isokinetic upper body testing/rehabilitation equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Upper extremity prosthetic devices — Arm prosthetics See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vascular or compression apparel or support — Compression garments See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vestibular motion devices for rehabilitation or therapy — Computerized dynamic posturography (CDP) balance test systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Walkers or rollators — Walkers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Walking braces See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Weight machines for rehabilitation or therapy — Fitness machines; Multiaxial exercise equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Weights or sets or accessories for rehabilitation or therapy — Weights See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wheelchairs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Work tables or stations or accessories for rehabilitation or therapy — Axial-resistance shoulder wheels; Shoulder wheels; Traction and mobilization physical therapy tables; Upper body ergometers (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wrist exercisers for rehabilitation or therapy — Shoulder finger ladders See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Accounting software — MediGraph software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Action games — Biometrics video game software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Analytical or scientific software — Cedaron Dexter Evaluation & Impairment Rating See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Calendar and scheduling software — SpectraSoft AppointmentsCS See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Medical software — Advantage Software Physical Therapy Advantage; Clinicient Insight; Hands On Technology TheraWriter.PT; Rehab Documentation Company ReDoc Suite (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Exercise routine creation software; Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Record patient medical histories. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor patient progress or responses to treatments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Examine patients to assess general physical condition. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate diagnostic or therapeutic medical instruments or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Process healthcare paperwork. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Treat patients using physical therapy techniques. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop medical treatment plans. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Explain medical procedures or test results to patients or family members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze patient data to determine patient needs or treatment goals. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust prostheses or other assistive devices. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Fabricate medical devices. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate detailed medical information to patients or family members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test patient heart or lung functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train patients, family members, or caregivers in techniques for managing disabilities or illnesses. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with healthcare professionals to plan or provide treatment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Enter patient or treatment data into computers. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate patient outcomes to determine effectiveness of treatments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train medical providers. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establish treatment goals. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct healthcare delivery programs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Advise medical personnel regarding healthcare issues. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Supervise medical support personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate health and wellness information to the public. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Contact With Others — 98% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 100% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 100% responded “Very close (near touching).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 84% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 74% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 67% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 67% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 67% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 68% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 56% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 46% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 75% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 45% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 55% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 35% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections — 39% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 32% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 34% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 40% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 39% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 29% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 25% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 30% responded “Very serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 49% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 38% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
39   Master's degree
37   Doctoral degree
8   Bachelor's degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: SIR

  • Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $39.61 hourly, $82,390 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 204,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 123,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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