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Summary Report for:
31-1013.00 - Psychiatric Aides

Assist mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed patients, working under direction of nursing and medical staff. May assist with daily living activities, lead patients in educational and recreational activities, or accompany patients to and from examinations and treatments. May restrain violent patients. Includes psychiatric orderlies.

Sample of reported job titles: Mental Health Aide (MHA), Mental Health Technician (MHT), Mental Health Worker (MHW), Patient Care Assistant (PCA), Psychiatric Aide, Psychiatric Nursing Aide, Psychiatric Nursing Assistant, Resident Care Technician, Residential Counselor, Therapeutic Program Worker (TPW)

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Record and maintain patient information, such as vital signs, eating habits, behavior, progress notes, treatments, or discharge plans. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Listen and provide emotional support and encouragement to psychiatric patients. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Complete physical checks and monitor patients to detect unusual or harmful behavior and report observations to professional staff. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Restrain or aid patients as necessary to prevent injury. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Serve meals or feed patients needing assistance or persuasion. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Work as part of a team that may include psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurses, or social workers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean and disinfect rooms and furnishings to maintain a safe and orderly environment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed patients with routine physical, emotional, psychological, or rehabilitation care under the direction of nursing or medical staff. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain patients' restrictions to assigned areas. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide patients with assistance in bathing, dressing, or grooming, demonstrating these skills as necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Aid patients in becoming accustomed to hospital routine. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Organize, supervise, or encourage patient participation in social, educational, or recreational activities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform nursing duties, such as administering medications, measuring vital signs, collecting specimens, or drawing blood samples. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Accompany patients to and from wards for medical or dental treatments, shopping trips, or religious or recreational events. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Participate in recreational activities with patients, including card games, sports, or television viewing. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Complete administrative tasks, such as entering orders into computer, answering telephone calls, or maintaining medical or facility information. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Interview patients upon admission and record information. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Bedpans for general use — Bedpans See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blood collection syringes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Clinical hydraulic lifts or accessories — Hydraulic patient lifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic blood pressure units — Automatic blood pressure cuffs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic medical thermometers — Digital patient thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Enema kits or accessories — Enema equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical oxygen masks or parts — Oxygen delivery masks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical suction or vacuum appliances — Intubation suctioning kits See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Patient stabilization or fall prevention devices or accessories — Patient restraints See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Razors — Safety razors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Special purpose telephones — Multi-line telephone systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Specimen collection container — Specimen collection containers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Two way radios See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Urinalysis test strips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum blood collection tubes or containers — Evacuated blood collection tubes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wheelchairs See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Perform clerical work in medical settings. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collect biological specimens from patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain medical records. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record vital statistics or other health information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Hold patients to ensure proper positioning or safety. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assess physical conditions of patients to aid in diagnosis or treatment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Encourage patients during therapeutic activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean patient rooms or patient treatment rooms. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Engage patients in exercises or activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interview patients to gather medical information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor patients to detect health problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Give medications or immunizations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assist patients with daily activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Feed patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Confer with other professionals to plan patient care. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Care for patients with mental illnesses. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Accompany patients or clients on outings to provide assistance. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 86% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections — 78% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 58% responded “Very close (near touching).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 73% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 72% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 67% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 78% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 46% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Physically Aggressive People — 46% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 49% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 63% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 44% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 31% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 43% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 57% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 49% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 36% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 55% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 55% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 51% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 29% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 34% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 58% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 37% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 28% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 47% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 27% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 48% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
63   High school diploma or equivalent Help
16   Some college, no degree
12   Bachelor's degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: SRC

  • Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $12.61 hourly, $26,220 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 82,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 20,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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