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Summary Report for:
31-9097.00 - Phlebotomists

Draw blood for tests, transfusions, donations, or research. May explain the procedure to patients and assist in the recovery of patients with adverse reactions.

Sample of reported job titles: Lab Asst; Patient Service Technician PST; Phlebotomist; Phlebotomist Supervisor/Instructor; Phlebotomist, Medical Lab Assistant; Phlebotomy Director; Phlebotomy Program Coordinator; Phlebotomy Supervisor; Registered Phlebotomist-Part Time

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Match laboratory requisition forms to specimen tubes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Dispose of contaminated sharps, in accordance with applicable laws, standards, and policies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Draw blood from veins by vacuum tube, syringe, or butterfly venipuncture methods. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Dispose of blood or other biohazard fluids or tissue, in accordance with applicable laws, standards, or policies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Draw blood from capillaries by dermal puncture, such as heel or finger stick methods. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Enter patient, specimen, insurance, or billing information into computer. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Organize or clean blood-drawing trays, ensuring that all instruments are sterile and all needles, syringes, or related items are of first-time use. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collect fluid or tissue samples, using appropriate collection procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collect specimens at specific time intervals for tests, such as those assessing therapeutic drug levels. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Transport specimens or fluid samples from collection sites to laboratories. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Process blood or other fluid samples for further analysis by other medical professionals. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide sample analysis results to physicians to assist diagnosis. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Document route of specimens from collection to laboratory analysis and diagnosis. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Explain fluid or tissue collection procedures to patients. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct standards tests, such as blood alcohol, blood culture, oral glucose tolerance, glucose screening, blood smears, or peak and trough drug levels tests. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Train other medical personnel in phlebotomy or laboratory techniques. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Draw blood from arteries, using arterial collection techniques. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine donor suitability, according to interview results, vital signs, and medical history. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor blood or plasma donors during and after procedures to ensure health, safety, and comfort. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform saline flushes or dispense anticoagulant drugs, such as Heparin, through intravenous (IV) lines, in accordance with licensing restrictions and under the direction of a medical doctor. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct hemoglobin tests to ensure donor iron levels are normal. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Calibrate or maintain machines, such as those used for plasma collection. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Administer subcutaneous or intramuscular injects, in accordance with licensing restrictions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Serve refreshments to donors to ensure absorption of sugar into their systems. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Anatomical human mannequins for medical education or training — Phlebotomy practice arms; Phlebotomy practice blocks; Phlebotomy practice heels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Arterial blood gas monitors or accessories — Blood gas kits See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bag tag printer — Mobile barcode printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bar code reader equipment — Barcode scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Benchtop centrifuges — Laboratory centrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blood bank refrigerators — Blood specimen refrigerators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blood collection needle — Multi-sample blood collection needles; Venipuncture needles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blood collection needle holders — Venipuncture needle holders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blood collection syringes — Blood drawing syringes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blood drawing or phlebotomy chairs or accessories — Phlebotomy chairs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Butterfly needles — Venipuncture butterfly needles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Capillary or hematocrit tubes — Capillary tubes; Microcapillary hematocrit tubes; Microtainers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Clock timers — Digital timers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Glucose monitors or meters — Blood glucose monitoring equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Intravenous tubing with catheter administration kits — Intravenous IV administration equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lancets — Blood lancets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical carts or accessories — Phlebotomy carts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical staff aprons or bibs — Protective aprons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical staff isolation or surgical masks — Medical face masks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microcentrifuges — Microhematocrit tubes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Needle or blade or sharps disposal container or cart — Sharps disposal containers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Needle protectors — Safety needles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Non vacuum blood collection tubes or containers — Aliquot tubes; Blood culture bottles; Sterile screw-cap glass tubes; Sterile screw-cap plastic tubes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pasteur or transfer pipettes — Transfer pipettes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Phlebotomy trays or accessories — Phlebotomy trays; Specimen tube holders; Unopette equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Radiographic locators — Vein finding devices See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shaking incubators — Blood culture incubators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Specimen collection or transport bags — Phlebotomy transport bags See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spill kits — Biohazard spill kits See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sputum collection apparatus or containers — Sputum cups See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stool collection containers without media — Occult blood kits See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tissue culture coated plates or dishes or inserts — Culture plates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tourniquets — Venipuncture tourniquets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Urinalysis analyzers — Urine analysis equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum blood collection tubes or containers — Sterile vacutainer tubes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Volumetric pipettes — Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) pipettes See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Medical software — Donor Management System DMS software; Iatric Systems MobiLab software; MEDITECH Blood Bank; MEDITECH Laboratory and Microbiology (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Collect biological specimens from patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Dispose of biomedical waste in accordance with standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean medical equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare medical instruments or equipment for use. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain medical records. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain medical equipment or instruments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor patients to detect health problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Give medications or immunizations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Explain technical medical information to patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Transport biological or other medical materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Feed patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct diagnostic tests to determine patient health. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Teach medical procedures to healthcare personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Contact With Others — 90% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 86% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections — 86% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 86% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 85% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 90% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 85% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 70% responded “Very close (near touching).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 62% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 62% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 75% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 67% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 55% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 62% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 76% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 40% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 48% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 52% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 38% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 40% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 52% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 48% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 48% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 52% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 45% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 38% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 29% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 25% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 38% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
57   Post-secondary certificate Help
33   High school diploma or equivalent Help
5   Associate's degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: CRI

  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $14.74 hourly, $30,670 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 101,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 46,400
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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