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Summary Report for:
35-2013.00 - Cooks, Private Household

Prepare meals in private homes. Includes personal chefs.

Sample of reported job titles: Certified Personal Chef, Personal Chef

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Plan menus according to employers' needs and diet restrictions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Shop for or order food and kitchen supplies and equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Peel, wash, trim, and cook vegetables and meats, and bake breads and pastries. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare meals in private homes according to employers' recipes or tastes, handling all meals for the family and possibly for other household staff. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Stock, organize, and clean kitchens and cooking utensils. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Specialize in preparing fancy dishes and/or food for special diets. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Create and explore new cuisines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct the operation and organization of kitchens and all food-related activities, including the presentation and serving of food. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Anti cut gloves — Butchers' gloves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Basters or basting brushes — Basting brushes; Poultry basters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use cutlery — Kitchen shears See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use icing sets or bags — Icing piping tips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic baking sheets — Metal baking sheets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic can or bottle openers — Corkscrews See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic convectional ovens — Convection ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic cutting boards — Cutting boards See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic dish washers — Dishwashers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic food processors — Food processors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic food scrapers — Bench scrapers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic forks — Carving forks; Meat forks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic frying pans — Kitchen skillets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic garlic press — Garlic presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic graters — Graters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic indoor electric grills — Electric grills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen or diet scales — Digital scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen or food thermometers — Deep-fat thermometers; Kitchen thermometers; Oven thermometers; Refrigerator thermometers (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen spatulas — Fish spatulas; Offset spatulas; Omelet spatulas; Slotted turners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen timers — Digital kitchen timers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen tongs — Locking tongs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen wire whips — Wire whisks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic knife sharpeners — Knife sharpening tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic knives — Bakers' knives; Boning knives; Scorers; Serrated knives (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic mandolin — Mandolines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic measuring cups — Measuring cup sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic measuring spoons — Measuring spoon sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic melon or butter baller — Melon ballers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic microwave ovens — Countertop microwaves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic mixers — Stand mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic mixing bowls — Mixing bowls See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic muffin pans — Muffin pans See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic rolling pins — Rolling pins See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic saucepans — Saucepans See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic saute pans — Nonstick saute pans; Saute pans See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic serving utensils — Ladles; Serving spoons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic spoons — Perforated spoons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic stock pots — Stockpots See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic strainers or colanders — Colanders; Fat skimmers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic wooden spoons — Wooden spoons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dough knife — Pastry cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Label making machines — Labelmakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers — Computer laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pen or flash drive — Thumb drives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Potato mashers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rulers — Kitchen rulers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tablet computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vegetable peeler — Swivel peelers; Vegetable peelers See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Accounting software — Cost tracking software; Intuit QuickBooks software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Calendar and scheduling software — Work scheduling software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — APPCA Personal Chef Office; Cooking e-books See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Inventory management software — Food inventory software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Video creation and editing software — YouTube * See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web page creation and editing software — WordPress * See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Plan menu options. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Order materials, supplies, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cook foods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare foods for cooking or serving. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare breads or doughs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Store supplies or goods in kitchens or storage areas. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Serve food or beverages. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate activities of food service staff. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create new recipes or food presentations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plan special events. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 93% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 79% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 89% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 75% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 43% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 41% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 50% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 57% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 36% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 32% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 36% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 33% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 39% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 36% responded “Contact with others about half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 39% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 50% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
57   Post-secondary certificate Help
21   High school diploma or equivalent Help
11   Less than high school diploma

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: ARC

  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

35-1011.00 Chefs and Head Cooks
51-3011.00 Bakers

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $11.03 hourly, $22,940 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 7,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Little or no change (-2% to 2%) Little or no change (-2% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 1,400
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Cooks external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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