Summary Report for:
45-1011.08 - First-Line Supervisors of Animal Husbandry and Animal Care Workers
Directly supervise and coordinate activities of animal husbandry or animal care workers.
Sample of reported job titles: Animal Care Supervisor, Animal Caretaker Supervisor, Cattle Manager, Dairy Farm Operations Manager, Dairy Manager, Farm Manager, Farm Supervisor, Feed Manager, Herdsman, Sow Farm Manager
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings
- Observe animals for signs of illness, injury, or unusual behavior, notifying veterinarians or managers as warranted.
- Monitor animal care, maintenance, breeding, or packing and transfer activities to ensure work is done correctly.
- Train workers in animal care procedures, maintenance duties, and safety precautions.
- Treat animal illnesses or injuries, following experience or instructions of veterinarians.
- Assign tasks such as feeding and treatment of animals, and cleaning and maintenance of animal quarters.
- Perform the same animal care duties as subordinates.
- Prepare reports concerning facility activities, employees' time records, and animal treatment.
- Confer with managers to determine production requirements, conditions of equipment and supplies, and work schedules.
- Study feed, weight, health, genetic, or milk production records to determine feed formulas and rations and breeding schedules.
- Direct and assist workers in maintenance and repair of facilities.
- Inspect buildings, fences, fields or ranges, supplies, and equipment to determine work to be performed.
- Establish work schedules and procedures.
- Transport or arrange for transport of animals, equipment, food, animal feed, and other supplies to and from work sites.
- Plan budgets and arrange for purchase of animals, feed, or supplies.
- Operate euthanasia equipment to destroy animals.
- Recruit, hire, and pay workers.
- Inseminate livestock artificially to produce desired offspring.
- Investigate complaints of animal neglect or cruelty, and follow up on complaints appearing to require prosecution.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Agricultural tractors — Multipurpose tractors
- All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — Four wheel drive 4WD vehicles
- Animal husbandry equipment — Debeakers; Dehorners; Feed wagons; Tail dockers
- Animal shearing or clipping equipment — Clipping equipment; Shearing equipment
- Animal watering machines — Automatic watering devices
- Animal weighing scales — Electronic animal scales
- Blood collection syringes — Blood drawing syringes
- Bridles — Horse bridles
- Cargo trucks — Grain trucks
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Conveyor screw — Feed conveyors
- Desktop computers
- Egg inspection or collecting equipment — Egg candlers; Egg grading machines; Egg washing machines
- Feed mixers — Automated feed batch mixers
- Fog or mist generators — Fumigators
- Hand sprayers — Handheld spray guns
- Incubators or brooders for poultry — Poultry incubators
- Light trucks or sport utility vehicles — Light pickup trucks
- Livestock identification equipment — Ear tagging equipment
- Livestock trailers — Animal trailers
- Milking machines — Milk separators; Milking equipment
- Nebulizer or accessories — Nebulizers
- Personal computers
- Post hole digger — Post hole diggers
- Power drills — Cordless drills
- Respirators — Dust and particulate respirators
- Saddles — Horse saddles
- Shovels — Long handle shovels
- Snowplow attachments — Snowplows
- Spades — Digging spades
- Veterinary castration instruments — Castration equipment
- Veterinary injection or suction units or accessories — Animal injection syringes; Animal vaccination syringes; Balling guns; Veterinary intravenous IV sets (see all 5 examples)
- Veterinary nail trimmers or cutters — Hoof trimmers; Nail trimmers
Technology used in this occupation:
- Accounting software — Sage 50 Accounting
- Calendar and scheduling software — Employee scheduling software
- Data base user interface and query software — Cattlesoft CattleMax; Data entry software ; Lion Edge Technologies Ranch Manager software; Valley Agricultural Software DairyCOMP 305
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — Midwest MicroSystems Cow Sense
- Expert system software — Valley Agricultural Software Feed Watch
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
- Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
- Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
- Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
Detailed Work Activities
- Perform animal breeding procedures.
- Monitor animal behavior or condition.
- Inspect products or operations to ensure that standards are met.
- Care for animals.
- Maintain operational records.
- Assign duties or work schedules to employees.
- Train workers in farming, forestry, or hunting techniques.
- Treat animal injuries or illnesses.
- Inspect equipment or facilities to determine condition or maintenance needs.
- Transport animals, crops, or equipment.
- Direct activities of agricultural, forestry, or fishery employees.
- Confer with managers to make operational decisions.
- Maintain personnel records.
- Hire farming, fishing or forestry workers.
- Schedule agricultural or forestry work.
- Monitor financial activities.
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 95% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 90% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 88% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Telephone — 85% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 88% responded “Extremely important.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 74% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 65% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 72% responded “Every day.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 68% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 65% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 74% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 63% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 45% responded “Very important results.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 67% responded “Every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 48% responded “Very important.”
- Time Pressure — 50% responded “Every day.”
- Consequence of Error — 50% responded “Very serious.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 29% responded “Limited freedom.”
- Spend Time Standing — 50% responded “More than half the time.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 42% responded “Extremely important.”
- Outdoors, Under Cover — 57% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 33% responded “More than half the time.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 46% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 47% responded “Every day.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 33% responded “Extremely important.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 25% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Deal With External Customers — 32% responded “Fairly important.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 32% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 41% responded “Never.”
- Physical Proximity — 54% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 32% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 30% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 38% responded “Fairly important.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|Not available||High school diploma or equivalent|
|Not available||Bachelor's degree|
|Not available||Post-doctoral training|
This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:
Interest code: ER
- Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers.
Employment data collected from First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers.
Industry data collected from First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers.
|Median wages (2015)||$21.80 hourly, $45,340 annual|
|Employment (2014)||47,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Decline (-2% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||11,500|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.