Summary Report for:
45-2021.00 - Animal Breeders
Select and breed animals according to their genealogy, characteristics, and offspring. May require knowledge of artificial insemination techniques and equipment use. May involve keeping records on heats, birth intervals, or pedigree.
Sample of reported job titles: Animal Technician, Artificial Insemination Technician (AI Technician), Breeder, Breeding Manager, Broodmare Foreman, Cat Breeder, Cattery Operator, Dog Breeder, Equine Breeder, Stallion Manager
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Feed and water animals, and clean and disinfect pens, cages, yards, and hutches.
- Examine animals to detect symptoms of illness or injury.
- Place vaccines in drinking water, inject vaccines, or dust air with vaccine powder to protect animals from diseases.
- Select animals to be bred, and semen specimens to be used, according to knowledge of animals, genealogies, traits, and desired offspring characteristics.
- Treat minor injuries and ailments and contact veterinarians to obtain treatment for animals with serious illnesses or injuries.
- Observe animals in heat to detect approach of estrus and exercise animals to induce or hasten estrus, if necessary.
- Record animal characteristics such as weights, growth patterns, and diets.
- Exhibit animals at shows.
- Build hutches, pens, and fenced yards.
- Clip or shear hair on animals.
- Package and label semen to be used for artificial insemination, recording information such as the date, source, quality, and concentration.
- Prepare containers of semen for freezing and storage or shipment, placing them in dry ice or liquid nitrogen.
- Maintain logs of semen specimens used and animals bred.
- Arrange for sale of animals and eggs to hospitals, research centers, pet shops, and food processing plants.
- Measure specified amounts of semen into calibrated syringes, and insert syringes into inseminating guns.
- Inject prepared animal semen into female animals for breeding purposes, by inserting nozzle of syringe into vagina and depressing syringe plunger.
- Adjust controls to maintain specific building temperatures required for animals' health and safety.
- Examine semen microscopically to assess and record density and motility of gametes, and dilute semen with prescribed diluents, according to formulas.
- Brand, tattoo, or tag animals to allow animal identification.
- Perform procedures such as animal dehorning or castration.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Animal husbandry equipment — Animal pregnancy testing kits; Dehorners; Ovulation prediction monitors; Semen collection kits (see all 6 examples)
- Animal watering machines — Automatic watering devices
- Artificial inseminating machine — Horse breeding chutes
- Benchtop centrifuges — Laboratory benchtop centrifuges
- Binocular light compound microscopes — Laboratory binocular microscopes
- Commercial water heaters — Submersible stock tank heaters
- Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA typing kits — DNA typing kits
- Desktop computers
- Digital cameras — Compact digital cameras
- Dropping pipettes — Laboratory dropping pipettes
- Feed mixers — Automated feed batch mixers
- Forced air or mechanical convection general purpose incubators — Mechanical laboratory incubators
- Hematology analyzers — Animal blood analyzers
- Hydrometers — Densimeters; Sperm counters
- Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines
- Laser printers — Computer laser printers
- Livestock identification equipment — Branding equipment; Ear tagging equipment; Microchip scanners; Tattoo equipment
- Livestock restraint chute — Livestock restraint treatment stalls
- Medical radiological shielding aprons or masks or drapes — Lead radiology aprons
- Medical ultrasound or doppler or pulse echo or echography units for general diagnostic use — External ultrasound units
- Microscope stages — Stage warmers
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Personal computers
- Portable data input terminals — Handheld computers
- Radio frequency transmitters or receivers — Birth alarms
- Semen collection instrument — Artificial vaginas
- Semen packaging instrument — Semen collection containers
- Specialty plates for bacteria — Agar plates
- Spectrometers — Spectroscopes
- Storage tanks — Liquid nitrogen storage tank
- Veterinary injection or suction units or accessories — Animal blood collection syringes; Animal vaccination syringes; Artificial insemination syringes; Lethal injection equipment
- Water baths — Laboratory water baths
Technology used in this occupation:
- Analytical or scientific software — Questionmark Perception; Respondus software; VSN International GenStat
- Data base user interface and query software — Breedtrak; KinTraks; Reudink Software ZooEasy; Winners Programs BirdStud (see all 5 examples)
- Electronic mail software — Email software
- Internet browser software — Microsoft Internet Explorer
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Detailed Work Activities
- Perform animal breeding procedures.
- Package agricultural products for shipment or further processing.
- Record agricultural or forestry inventory data.
- Monitor animal behavior or condition.
- Care for animals.
- Mark agricultural or forestry products for identification.
- Maintain operational records.
- Clean equipment or facilities.
- Examine animals to detect illness, injury or other problems.
- Remove skin or other body parts from animals.
- Treat animal injuries or illnesses.
- Prepare materials or solutions for animal or plant use.
- Communicate with other workers to coordinate activities.
- Sell agricultural products.
- Promote agricultural or hunting activities.
- Build agricultural structures.
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 81% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 81% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 72% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 61% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 71% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 44% responded “Every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 68% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 51% responded “Very important results.”
- Outdoors, Under Cover — 45% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 39% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Electronic Mail — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 51% responded “Every day.”
- Deal With External Customers — 34% responded “Very important.”
- Spend Time Standing — 58% responded “More than half the time.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 47% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Contact With Others — 34% responded “Contact with others about half the time.”
- Time Pressure — 37% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 39% responded “Very important.”
- Letters and Memos — 57% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 44% responded “Every day.”
- Level of Competition — 43% responded “Moderately competitive.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 26% responded “Limited responsibility.”
- In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 33% responded “High responsibility.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 30% responded “Every day.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 28% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 33% responded “Fairly important.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 33% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 41% responded “Every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 29% responded “Important.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|36||High school diploma or equivalent|
|24||Some college, no degree|
This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:
Interest code: RI
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$19.23 hourly, $40,000 annual|
|Employment (2014)||7,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Decline (-2% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||1,900|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Agricultural workers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.