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Summary Report for:
45-2021.00 - Animal Breeders

Select and breed animals according to their genealogy, characteristics, and offspring. May require knowledge of artificial insemination techniques and equipment use. May involve keeping records on heats, birth intervals, or pedigree.

Sample of reported job titles: Animal Technician, Artificial Insemination Technician (AI Technician), Breeder, Breeding Manager, Broodmare Foreman, Cat Breeder, Cattery Operator, Dog Breeder, Equine Breeder, Stallion Manager

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Feed and water animals, and clean and disinfect pens, cages, yards, and hutches. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine animals to detect symptoms of illness or injury. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Place vaccines in drinking water, inject vaccines, or dust air with vaccine powder to protect animals from diseases. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Select animals to be bred, and semen specimens to be used, according to knowledge of animals, genealogies, traits, and desired offspring characteristics. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Treat minor injuries and ailments and contact veterinarians to obtain treatment for animals with serious illnesses or injuries. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Observe animals in heat to detect approach of estrus and exercise animals to induce or hasten estrus, if necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record animal characteristics such as weights, growth patterns, and diets. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Exhibit animals at shows. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Build hutches, pens, and fenced yards. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clip or shear hair on animals. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Package and label semen to be used for artificial insemination, recording information such as the date, source, quality, and concentration. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare containers of semen for freezing and storage or shipment, placing them in dry ice or liquid nitrogen. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain logs of semen specimens used and animals bred. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Arrange for sale of animals and eggs to hospitals, research centers, pet shops, and food processing plants. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure specified amounts of semen into calibrated syringes, and insert syringes into inseminating guns. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inject prepared animal semen into female animals for breeding purposes, by inserting nozzle of syringe into vagina and depressing syringe plunger. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Adjust controls to maintain specific building temperatures required for animals' health and safety. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine semen microscopically to assess and record density and motility of gametes, and dilute semen with prescribed diluents, according to formulas. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Brand, tattoo, or tag animals to allow animal identification. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform procedures such as animal dehorning or castration. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Animal husbandry equipment — Animal pregnancy testing kits; Dehorners; Ovulation prediction monitors; Semen collection kits (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Animal watering machines — Automatic watering devices See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Artificial inseminating machine — Horse breeding chutes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Benchtop centrifuges — Laboratory benchtop centrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Binocular light compound microscopes — Laboratory binocular microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial water heaters — Submersible stock tank heaters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA typing kits — DNA typing kits See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras — Compact digital cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dropping pipettes — Laboratory dropping pipettes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Feed mixers — Automated feed batch mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forced air or mechanical convection general purpose incubators — Mechanical laboratory incubators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hematology analyzers — Animal blood analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydrometers — Densimeters; Sperm counters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers — Computer laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Livestock identification equipment — Branding equipment; Ear tagging equipment; Microchip scanners; Tattoo equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Livestock restraint chute — Livestock restraint treatment stalls See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical radiological shielding aprons or masks or drapes — Lead radiology aprons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical ultrasound or doppler or pulse echo or echography units for general diagnostic use — External ultrasound units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microscope stages — Stage warmers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Portable data input terminals — Handheld computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Radio frequency transmitters or receivers — Birth alarms See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Semen collection instrument — Artificial vaginas See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Semen packaging instrument — Semen collection containers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Specialty plates for bacteria — Agar plates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrometers — Spectroscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Storage tanks — Liquid nitrogen storage tank See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Veterinary injection or suction units or accessories — Animal blood collection syringes; Animal vaccination syringes; Artificial insemination syringes; Lethal injection equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water baths — Laboratory water baths See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Questionmark Perception; Respondus software; VSN International GenStat See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Breedtrak *; KinTraks; Reudink Software ZooEasy; Winners Programs BirdStud (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Microsoft Internet Explorer * See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Perform animal breeding procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Package agricultural products for shipment or further processing. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record agricultural or forestry inventory data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor animal behavior or condition. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Care for animals. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mark agricultural or forestry products for identification. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain operational records. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean equipment or facilities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Examine animals to detect illness, injury or other problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Remove skin or other body parts from animals. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Treat animal injuries or illnesses. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare materials or solutions for animal or plant use. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate with other workers to coordinate activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Sell agricultural products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Promote agricultural or hunting activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Build agricultural structures. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 81% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 81% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 72% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 61% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 71% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 68% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 51% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Under Cover — 45% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 39% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 51% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 34% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 58% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 47% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 34% responded “Contact with others about half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 37% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 39% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 57% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 43% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 26% responded “Limited responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 33% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 30% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 28% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 33% responded “Fairly important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 33% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 41% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 29% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
36   High school diploma or equivalent Help
24   Some college, no degree
15   Post-doctoral training

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Life Sciences — Horse Husbandry/Equine Science and Management

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RI

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $19.23 hourly, $40,000 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 1,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 400
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Agricultural Workers external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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