Summary Report for:
45-3021.00 - Hunters and Trappers
Hunt and trap wild animals for human consumption, fur, feed, bait, or other purposes.
Sample of reported job titles: Animal Control Expert, Animal Damage Control Agent, Deer Hunter, Fur Trapper, Hunter, Hunting Guide, Nuisance Trapper, Nuisance Wildlife Control Operator, Predator Control Trapper, Trapper
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Maintain and repair trapping equipment.
- Patrol trap lines or nets to inspect settings, remove catch, and reset or relocate traps.
- Obtain required approvals for using poisons or traps, and notify persons in areas where traps and poison are set.
- Trap and capture quarry dead or alive for identification, relocation, or sale, using baited, scented, or camouflaged traps, snares, cages, or nets.
- Scrape fat, blubber, or flesh from skin sides of pelts with knives or hand scrapers.
- Kill or stun trapped quarry, using clubs, poisons, guns, or drowning methods.
- Select, bait, and set traps, and lay poison along trails, according to species, size, habits, and environs of birds or animals and reasons for trapping them.
- Skin quarry, using knives, and stretch pelts on frames to be cured.
- Travel on foot, by vehicle, or by equipment such as boats, snowmobiles, helicopters, snowshoes, or skis to reach hunting areas.
- Track animals by checking for signs such as droppings or destruction of vegetation.
- Pack pelts in containers, load containers onto trucks, and transport pelts to processing plants or to public auctions.
- Participate in animal damage control, wildlife management, disease control, and research activities.
- Teach or guide individuals or groups unfamiliar with specific hunting methods or types of prey.
- Wash and sort pelts according to species, color, and quality.
- Mix baits for attracting animals.
- Decide where to set traps, using grid maps and aerial maps of hunting areas.
- Remove designated parts such as ears or tails from slain quarry as evidence for killing bounty, using knives.
- Train dogs for hunting.
- Release quarry from traps or nets and transfer to cages.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Air rifles or air handguns — Tranquilizer guns
- All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — All terrain vehicles ATV
- Animal calls — Game calls
- Animal catching devices — Noose poles
- Archery arm guards — Bow hunting arm guards
- Archery arrows — Crossbow broadheads; Hunting arrows; Quivers
- Archery bow strings — Bow stringers; Cocking aids; Mechanical releases; String silencers
- Archery bows — Arrow rests; Bow stabilizers; Longbows; Recurve bows (see all 7 examples)
- Archery gloves — Bow hunting gloves; Finger tabs; Hand guards
- Assistive listening devices — Hearing enhancement aids
- Axes — Camp axes; Tactical axes; Throwing axes
- Bench vises — Bow presses; Gun vises
- Binoculars — Hunting binoculars
- Borescope inspection equipment — Bore lights; Rifle borescopes
- Calipers — Reloading calipers
- Camera tripods — Viewing equipment tripods
- Carts — Game carts; Game sleds
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Cleaning brushes — Bore swabs
- Commercial use cutlery — Bone saws; Boning knives
- Compressed air gun — Pneumatic hog ring tools
- Deburring tool — Arrow squaring devices
- Digital camcorders or video cameras — Bow cameras
- Direction finding compasses — Magnetic compasses
- Drain or pipe cleaning equipment — Pipe cleaners
- Ear muffs — Hunting ear muffs
- Electronic charts or maps or atlases — Garmin Topo U.S. 100K; Huntingsouth HuntSmart Software
- Emergency medical services first aid kits — Emergency first aid kits
- Fertilizer spreaders or distributors — Wildlife food plot spreaders
- First aid blankets — Space blankets
- Flashlight — Hunting flashlights
- Flat nose pliers — Hunting pliers
- Force or torque sensors — Trigger pull gauges
- Funnels — Reloading powder funnels
- Global positioning system GPS receiver — Handheld global positioning system receivers GPS
- Goggles — Hunting goggles
- Gun barrel — Choke tubes
- Gun cases — Holsters; Hunting gun cases
- Handguns — Break-action pistols; Double-action revolvers; Hunting handguns; Single-action revolvers
- Hatchets — Hunting hatchets
- Hoists — Cable hoists; Gambrels
- Infrared imagers — Heatseekers; Infrared game cameras
- Instrument tripods — Bipods; Shooting sticks
- J hooks — J-hook tools
- Knife blades — Caper knives; Fixed-blade knives; Fleshing knives
- Laser measuring systems — Laser sights
- Leather straps — Game straps
- Life vests or preservers — Personal floatation devices
- Lifelines or lifeline equipment — Climbing straps
- Lifting cables — Haul lines
- Light enhancing cameras or vision devices — Night vision binoculars; Night vision goggles; Night vision scopes
- Light trucks or sport utility vehicles — Hunting trucks
- Lighters — Fire starters
- Lighting pole or post and hardware — Propane lanterns
- Machetes — Hunting machetes
- Magnifiers — Monoculars
- Metallic mirrors — Signal mirrors
- Micrometers — Bullet micrometers
- Mining headlamp — Headlamps
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Paddles — Duck boat paddles
- Parts of guns or pistols — Ammunition magazines; Cappers; Reloading presses; Trigger locks (see all 7 examples)
- Personal computers
- Pet grooming products — Fur combs
- Phone headsets — Radio headsets
- Picks — Nipple picks
- Pocket knives — Folding knives; Survival pocket knives
- Post hole digger — Stake pullers
- Protective knee pads — Hunting knee pads
- Protective pants — Hunting waders
- Pull spring balances — Game scales
- Pullers — Arrow pullers; Arrow straighteners; Bullet pullers; Patch pullers (see all 5 examples)
- Radios — Weather alert radios
- Rangefinders — Digital laser rangefinders
- Recreational motorboats — Hunting boats
- Safety glasses — Shooting glasses
- Safety harnesses or belts — Hunting safety harnesses
- Safety horns — Air horns
- Safety vests — Hunting vests
- Saws — Folding saws; Hand saws; Pack saws
- Screw hooks — Tree steps
- Screwdrivers — Gunsmith screwdrivers
- Sharpening stones or tools or kits — Arrow sharpeners; Knife sharpeners
- Shears — Bone crushers; Game shears; Ratchet shears
- Sifters — Dirt sifters
- Skis — Cross country skis; Snowshoes
- Slings — Wrist slings
- Snowmobiles or snow scooter — Hunting snowmobiles
- Specialty wrenches — Broadhead wrenches; Choke tube wrenches; Nipple wrenches; Priming tools
- Sporting decoys — Dog training dummies; Hunting decoys
- Sporting rifles — Black powder pistols; Black powder revolvers; Pump action rifles; Semi-automatic rifles (see all 8 examples)
- Sporting shotguns — Hunting shotguns
- Sporting traps — Bodygrip traps; Snares; Trap triggers; Tunnel traps (see all 14 examples)
- Still cameras — Trail cameras
- Storm lights — Spotlights
- Stripping tools — Arrow stripping tools
- Tablet computers
- Telescopes — Muzzleloader scopes; Rifle scopes; Shotgun scopes; Spotting scopes
- Tents — Blinds
- Threading taps — Thread cleaning tools
- Tongs — Trap setters; Trap setting tongs
- Trapshooting equipment — Dog training dummy launchers
- Trowels — Hand trowels
- Tumblers or polishers — Case tumblers
- Two way radios — Hand-held radios
- Ultrasonic cleaning equipment — Sonic cleaners
- Utility knives — Hunting utility knives; Skinning knives
- Water purification equipment — Water purifiers
- Wire brushes — Bronze brushes; Chamber brushes
- Wire or cable cutter — Cable cutters
Technology used in this occupation:
- Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
- Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
- Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
Detailed Work Activities
- Maintain forestry, hunting, or agricultural equipment.
- Locate animals for fishing or hunting purposes.
- Trim trees or other vegetation.
- Capture or kill animals.
- Sort forestry or agricultural materials.
- Train workers in farming, forestry, or hunting techniques.
- Remove skin or other body parts from animals.
- Prepare materials or solutions for animal or plant use.
- Position animal trapping or capture equipment.
- Transport animals, crops, or equipment.
- Plan trapping or hunting activities.
- Load agricultural or forestry products for shipment.
- Promote agricultural or hunting activities.
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 97% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 94% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 91% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 52% responded “Every day.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 71% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 71% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Work Schedules — 58% responded “Seasonal (only during certain times of the year).”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 41% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 31% responded “Every day.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 39% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 31% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 35% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 41% responded “More than half the time.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 41% responded “More than half the time.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 25% responded “Extremely important.”
- In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 29% responded “Every day.”
- Level of Competition — 47% responded “Moderately competitive.”
- Exposed to Disease or Infections — 31% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 50% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Deal With External Customers — 31% responded “Fairly important.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 34% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 38% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 28% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 34% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 25% responded “Important results.”
|Title||Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed|
|Education||Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.|
|Related Experience||Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include taxi drivers, amusement and recreation attendants, counter and rental clerks, nonfarm animal caretakers, continuous mining machine operators, and waiters/waitresses.|
|SVP Range||(Below 4.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|56||Less than high school diploma|
|22||High school diploma or equivalent|
Interest code: R
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Fishing and Hunting Workers.
Employment data collected from Fishing and Hunting Workers.
Industry data collected from Fishing and Hunting Workers.
|Median wages (2015)||$13.51 hourly, $28,100 annual|
|Employment (2014)||28,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Little or no change (-1% to 1%)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||7,000|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Fishing and hunting workers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.