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Summary Report for:
47-2051.00 - Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers

Smooth and finish surfaces of poured concrete, such as floors, walks, sidewalks, roads, or curbs using a variety of hand and power tools. Align forms for sidewalks, curbs, or gutters; patch voids; and use saws to cut expansion joints.

Sample of reported job titles: Cement Finisher, Cement Mason, Concrete Finisher, Concrete Mason, Finisher, Mason

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Set the forms that hold concrete to the desired pitch and depth, and align them. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Check the forms that hold the concrete to see that they are properly constructed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Spread, level, and smooth concrete, using rake, shovel, hand or power trowel, hand or power screed, and float. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor how the wind, heat, or cold affect the curing of the concrete throughout the entire process. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct the casting of the concrete and supervise laborers who use shovels or special tools to spread it. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Produce rough concrete surface, using broom. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mold expansion joints and edges, using edging tools, jointers, and straightedge. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean chipped area, using wire brush, and feel and observe surface to determine if it is rough or uneven. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Signal truck driver to position truck to facilitate pouring concrete, and move chute to direct concrete on forms. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply hardening and sealing compounds to cure surface of concrete, and waterproof or restore surface. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate power vibrator to compact concrete. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Chip, scrape, and grind high spots, ridges, and rough projections to finish concrete, using pneumatic chisels, power grinders, or hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut out damaged areas, drill holes for reinforcing rods, and position reinforcing rods to repair concrete, using power saw and drill. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Waterproof or restore concrete surfaces, using appropriate compounds. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Wet concrete surface, and rub with stone to smooth surface and obtain specified finish. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Wet surface to prepare for bonding, fill holes and cracks with grout or slurry, and smooth, using trowel. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fabricate concrete beams, columns, and panels. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install anchor bolts, steel plates, door sills and other fixtures in freshly poured concrete or pattern or stamp the surface to provide a decorative finish. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Build wooden molds, and clamp molds around area to be repaired, using hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut metal division strips, and press them into terrazzo base so that top edges form desired design or pattern. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Push roller over surface to embed chips in surface. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Polish surface, using polishing or surfacing machine. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Abrasive stones — Abrasive rubbing stones See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aggregate spreaders — Hydraulic material spreaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bar or rod cutter — Bar cutters; Rebar cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Batching plants or feeders — Center discharge floor hoppers; Collection hoppers; Round-gate concrete buckets; Slump buckets (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Braces — Form braces See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Brooms — Concrete finishing brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cement bulk material equipment — Concrete chutes; Elephant trunks; Transit mix deflectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cement pumping units — Concrete pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cement retainers — Form liners; Form tubes; Steel forms; Wooden forms (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cold chisels — Brick splitters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Concrete mixers or plants — Concrete mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Concrete spreaders — Double-beam screeders; Roller tube finishers; Walk-behind laser screeds; Wet screeds (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Concrete vibrators — Internal concrete vibrators; Surface concrete vibrators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Curbing machines — Slipform curbing pavers; Slipforming machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Curing machines — Cure sprayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Demolition hammers — Hydraulic concrete breakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Edgers — Bump cutters; Edging trowels; Groovers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Floats — Concrete floats; Rubber floats; Spreaders; Wood floats (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas generators — Electric generators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grouting pump — Grout pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand sprayers — Barrel mounted sprayers; Compression sprayers; Glittermaster guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hickeys — Rebar benders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Jacks — Lifting systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ladders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels — Masons levels; Spirit levels; Torpedo levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Measuring wheels for distance — Measuring wheels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint brushes — Stippling brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint rollers — Concrete texture rollers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint sprayers — Pavement stripers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paving breakers — Ride-on concrete breakers; Walk-behind concrete breakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plaster or mortar mixers — Grout mixers; Mortar and plaster mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic nail drivers — Pneumatic air nailers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Post hole digger — Post hole diggers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power buggies — Ride-on concrete buggies; Walk-behind concrete buggies See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills — Core drills; Portable gas drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power grinders — Right angle grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power routers — Concrete routers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Chain saws; Concrete saws; Multipurpose saws; Ride-on saws (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pry bars — Crowbars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Respirators — Dust respirators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Saw blades — Abrasive blades; Diamond blades; Power troweler blades See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scarifiers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shovels — D handle shovels; Long handle shovels; Round point shovels; Square point shovels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spades — Bit spades See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Squeegees or washers — Driveway squeegees See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Steel bar bending machine — Bar benders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stonemason hammer — Brick hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Straight edges — Straightedges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tampers — Concrete tampers; Jitterbug tampers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures — Measuring tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tilt trucks — Dumper riders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tongs — Brick tongs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Trowels — Brick jointers; Low rider power trowels; Tuck-pointing trowels; Walk-behind power trowels (see all 17 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wheelbarrows See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Accounting software — Sirius GT software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Analytical or scientific software — ADAPT-Modeler; HIPERPAV *; LogicSphere Firstmix software; Shilstone seeMIX See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Information retrieval or search software — ACT Contractors Forms software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Project management software — Hard Dollar HD Project Estimating; Maxwell Systems Quest Estimator; National Concrete & Masonry Estimator; Tradesman's Software Master Estimator See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Direct construction or extraction personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Fabricate parts or components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install masonry materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect completed work to ensure proper installation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Pour materials into or on designated areas. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mix substances or compounds needed for work activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare surfaces for finishing. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Smooth surfaces with abrasive materials or tools. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply sealants or other protective coatings. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut metal components for installation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install metal structural components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Position structural components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Spread concrete or other aggregate mixtures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply material to fill gaps in surfaces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Compact materials to create level bases. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor construction operations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean surfaces in preparation for work activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install building fixtures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Signal equipment operators to indicate proper equipment positioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply decorative masonry finishes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drill holes in construction materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install roofing materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Position construction forms or molds. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Finish concrete surfaces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Build construction forms or molds. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Break up rock, asphalt, or concrete. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 98% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 100% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 79% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 70% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 60% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 49% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 53% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 63% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 56% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 48% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 52% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 36% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 32% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 43% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 43% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 24% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 43% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 38% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 43% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 40% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 27% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 32% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 42% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 41% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 37% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 35% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 29% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — 42% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 37% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 45% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 49% responded “Serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 28% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 42% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
Not available Less than high school diploma
Not available High school diploma or equivalent Help
Not available Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RE

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $17.67 hourly, $36,760 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 141,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 57,200
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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