Summary Report for:
47-2051.00 - Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
Smooth and finish surfaces of poured concrete, such as floors, walks, sidewalks, roads, or curbs using a variety of hand and power tools. Align forms for sidewalks, curbs, or gutters; patch voids; and use saws to cut expansion joints.
Sample of reported job titles: Cement Finisher, Cement Mason, Concrete Finisher, Concrete Mason, Finisher, Mason
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Set the forms that hold concrete to the desired pitch and depth, and align them.
- Check the forms that hold the concrete to see that they are properly constructed.
- Spread, level, and smooth concrete, using rake, shovel, hand or power trowel, hand or power screed, and float.
- Monitor how the wind, heat, or cold affect the curing of the concrete throughout the entire process.
- Direct the casting of the concrete and supervise laborers who use shovels or special tools to spread it.
- Produce rough concrete surface, using broom.
- Mold expansion joints and edges, using edging tools, jointers, and straightedge.
- Clean chipped area, using wire brush, and feel and observe surface to determine if it is rough or uneven.
- Signal truck driver to position truck to facilitate pouring concrete, and move chute to direct concrete on forms.
- Apply hardening and sealing compounds to cure surface of concrete, and waterproof or restore surface.
- Operate power vibrator to compact concrete.
- Chip, scrape, and grind high spots, ridges, and rough projections to finish concrete, using pneumatic chisels, power grinders, or hand tools.
- Cut out damaged areas, drill holes for reinforcing rods, and position reinforcing rods to repair concrete, using power saw and drill.
- Waterproof or restore concrete surfaces, using appropriate compounds.
- Wet concrete surface, and rub with stone to smooth surface and obtain specified finish.
- Wet surface to prepare for bonding, fill holes and cracks with grout or slurry, and smooth, using trowel.
- Fabricate concrete beams, columns, and panels.
- Install anchor bolts, steel plates, door sills and other fixtures in freshly poured concrete or pattern or stamp the surface to provide a decorative finish.
- Build wooden molds, and clamp molds around area to be repaired, using hand tools.
- Cut metal division strips, and press them into terrazzo base so that top edges form desired design or pattern.
- Push roller over surface to embed chips in surface.
- Polish surface, using polishing or surfacing machine.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Abrasive stones — Abrasive rubbing stones
- Aggregate spreaders — Hydraulic material spreaders
- Bar or rod cutter — Bar cutters; Rebar cutters
- Batching plants or feeders — Center discharge floor hoppers; Collection hoppers; Round-gate concrete buckets; Slump buckets (see all 9 examples)
- Braces — Form braces
- Brooms — Concrete finishing brushes
- Cement bulk material equipment — Concrete chutes; Elephant trunks; Transit mix deflectors
- Cement pumping units — Concrete pumps
- Cement retainers — Form liners; Form tubes; Steel forms; Wooden forms (see all 6 examples)
- Cold chisels — Brick splitters
- Concrete mixers or plants — Concrete mixers
- Concrete spreaders — Double-beam screeders; Roller tube finishers; Walk-behind laser screeds; Wet screeds (see all 9 examples)
- Concrete vibrators — Internal concrete vibrators; Surface concrete vibrators
- Curbing machines — Slipform curbing pavers; Slipforming machines
- Curing machines — Cure sprayers
- Demolition hammers — Hydraulic concrete breakers
- Desktop computers
- Edgers — Bump cutters; Edging trowels; Groovers
- Floats — Concrete floats; Rubber floats; Spreaders; Wood floats (see all 9 examples)
- Gas generators — Electric generators
- Grouting pump — Grout pumps
- Hand clamps
- Hand sprayers — Barrel mounted sprayers; Compression sprayers; Glittermaster guns
- Hickeys — Rebar benders
- Jacks — Lifting systems
- Levels — Masons levels; Spirit levels; Torpedo levels
- Measuring wheels for distance — Measuring wheels
- Notebook computers
- Paint brushes — Stippling brushes
- Paint rollers — Concrete texture rollers
- Paint sprayers — Pavement stripers
- Paving breakers — Ride-on concrete breakers; Walk-behind concrete breakers
- Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA
- Plaster or mortar mixers — Grout mixers; Mortar and plaster mixers
- Pneumatic nail drivers — Pneumatic air nailers
- Post hole digger — Post hole diggers
- Power buggies — Ride-on concrete buggies; Walk-behind concrete buggies
- Power drills — Core drills; Portable gas drills
- Power grinders — Right angle grinders
- Power routers — Concrete routers
- Power saws — Chain saws; Concrete saws; Multipurpose saws; Ride-on saws (see all 9 examples)
- Pry bars — Crowbars
- Respirators — Dust respirators
- Saw blades — Abrasive blades; Diamond blades; Power troweler blades
- Shovels — D handle shovels; Long handle shovels; Round point shovels; Square point shovels
- Spades — Bit spades
- Squeegees or washers — Driveway squeegees
- Steel bar bending machine — Bar benders
- Stonemason hammer — Brick hammers
- Straight edges — Straightedges
- Tampers — Concrete tampers; Jitterbug tampers
- Tape measures — Measuring tapes
- Tilt trucks — Dumper riders
- Tongs — Brick tongs
- Trowels — Brick jointers; Low rider power trowels; Tuck-pointing trowels; Walk-behind power trowels (see all 17 examples)
- Utility knives
- Water pumps
Technology used in this occupation:
- Accounting software — Sirius GT software
- Analytical or scientific software — ADAPT-Modeler; HIPERPAV; LogicSphere Firstmix software; Shilstone seeMIX
- Information retrieval or search software — ACT Contractors Forms software
- Project management software — Hard Dollar HD Project Estimating; Maxwell Systems Quest Estimator; National Concrete & Masonry Estimator; Tradesman's Software Master Estimator
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
- Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
- Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
Detailed Work Activities
- Direct construction or extraction personnel.
- Fabricate parts or components.
- Install masonry materials.
- Mix substances or compounds needed for work activities.
- Inspect completed work to ensure proper installation.
- Pour materials into or on designated areas.
- Prepare surfaces for finishing.
- Smooth surfaces with abrasive materials or tools.
- Install metal structural components.
- Cut metal components for installation.
- Apply sealants or other protective coatings.
- Apply decorative masonry finishes.
- Spread concrete or other aggregate mixtures.
- Position structural components.
- Compact materials to create level bases.
- Monitor construction operations.
- Clean surfaces in preparation for work activities.
- Install building fixtures.
- Signal equipment operators to indicate proper equipment positioning.
- Apply material to fill gaps in surfaces.
- Finish concrete surfaces.
- Position construction forms or molds.
- Install roofing materials.
- Drill holes in construction materials.
- Build construction forms or molds.
- Break up rock, asphalt, or concrete.
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 98% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 100% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 79% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 70% responded “Every day.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 60% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 49% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 53% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 63% responded “Important results.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 56% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 48% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 52% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 36% responded “Very important.”
- Level of Competition — 32% responded “Moderately competitive.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 43% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Telephone — 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Time Pressure — 44% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 43% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 24% responded “More than half the time.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 43% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 38% responded “Very important.”
- Spend Time Standing — 43% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Contact With Others — 40% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 27% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 32% responded “Very important.”
- Physical Proximity — 42% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 41% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 37% responded “Important.”
- In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 35% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 29% responded “Never.”
- Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — 42% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 37% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Deal With External Customers — 45% responded “Important.”
- Consequence of Error — 49% responded “Serious.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 28% responded “Never.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 42% responded “Every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|Not available||Less than high school diploma|
|Not available||High school diploma or equivalent|
|Not available||Post-secondary certificate|
Interest code: RE
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$17.67 hourly, $36,760 annual|
|Employment (2014)||155,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Faster than average (9% to 13%)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||39,200|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Masonry workers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.
- Associated General Contractors of America (AGC) , 2300 Wilson Blvd., Suite 400, Arlington, VA 22201. Phone: (703) 548-3118. Fax: (703) 548-3119.
- National Concrete Masonry Association (NCMA) , 13750 Sunrise Valley Dr., Herndon, VA 20171-3499. Phone: (703) 713-1900. Fax: (703) 713-1910.
- Operative Plasterers' and Cement Masons' International Association (OPCMIA) , 11720 Beltsville Dr., Suite 700, Beltsville, MD 20705. Phone: (301) 623-1000. Fax: (301) 623-1032.
- Portland Cement Association (PCA) , 5420 Old Orchard Rd., Skokie, IL 60077. Phone: (847) 966-6200.
- United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America (UBC) , 50 F St. NW, Washington, DC 20001.