Summary Report for:
47-2141.00 - Painters, Construction and Maintenance
Paint walls, equipment, buildings, bridges, and other structural surfaces, using brushes, rollers, and spray guns. May remove old paint to prepare surface prior to painting. May mix colors or oils to obtain desired color or consistency.
Sample of reported job titles: Facilities Painter, Foreman, Highway Painter, House Painter, Industrial Painter, Journeyman Painter, Maintenance Painter, Painter, Painter Foreman, Senior Painter
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Fill cracks, holes, or joints with caulk, putty, plaster, or other fillers, using caulking guns or putty knives.
- Cover surfaces with dropcloths or masking tape and paper to protect surfaces during painting.
- Smooth surfaces, using sandpaper, scrapers, brushes, steel wool, or sanding machines.
- Read work orders or receive instructions from supervisors or homeowners to determine work requirements.
- Apply primers or sealers to prepare new surfaces, such as bare wood or metal, for finish coats.
- Apply paint, stain, varnish, enamel, or other finishes to equipment, buildings, bridges, or other structures, using brushes, spray guns, or rollers.
- Erect scaffolding or swing gates, or set up ladders, to work above ground level.
- Mix and match colors of paint, stain, or varnish with oil or thinning and drying additives to obtain desired colors and consistencies.
- Calculate amounts of required materials and estimate costs, based on surface measurements or work orders.
- Polish final coats to specified finishes.
- Wash and treat surfaces with oil, turpentine, mildew remover, or other preparations, and sand rough spots to ensure that finishes will adhere properly.
- Select and purchase tools or finishes for surfaces to be covered, considering durability, ease of handling, methods of application, and customers' wishes.
- Remove old finishes by stripping, sanding, wire brushing, burning, or using water or abrasive blasting.
- Remove fixtures such as pictures, door knobs, lamps, or electric switch covers prior to painting.
- Use special finishing techniques such as sponging, ragging, layering, or faux finishing.
- Cut stencils and brush or spray lettering or decorations on surfaces.
- Waterproof buildings, using waterproofers or caulking.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Air compressors
- Articulating boom lift — Bucket trucks
- Blocks or pulleys — Riggings
- Blow torch — Blow torches
- Caulking guns
- Cold chisels — Putty chisels
- Demolition hammers — Chipping hammers
- Desktop computers
- Edging tools — Painting edgers; Trim guides
- Floor scrapers
- Glue guns
- Hammers — Drywall hammers
- Hand sprayers — Hopper guns; Pneumatic spray texture guns; Spray texture guns; Stucco patching guns
- Hard hats
- Hatchets — Drywall axes
- Heat guns
- Hole saws — Circle cutters
- Ladders — Extension ladders; Stilts
- Laser measuring systems — Line lasers
- Laser printers
- Lifts — Drywall lifters
- Manlift or personnel lift — Aerial lifts; Bosun chairs; Hydraulic lifts; Swing stages
- Masking equipment — Striping tools
- Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files
- Notebook computers
- Paint brushes — Combing tools; Stripper brushes
- Paint mixers — Paint shakers; Power paint mixers; Tinting machines
- Paint rollers — Power rollers
- Paint sprayers — Airless spray equipment; High velocity low pressure HVLP spraying equipment; Spray guns; Striping machines (see all 6 examples)
- Paint strainers — Paint brush cleaner spinners
- Paint tester — Paint lead testing kits
- Personal computers
- Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA
- Platform lift — Platforms
- Pneumatic sanding machines — Sandblasters
- Power chippers — Chippers
- Power drills
- Power grinders — Electric grinders
- Power sanders — Disk sanders; Electric paint removers; Paint stripping equipment
- Power saws
- Pressure or steam cleaners — Hydroblasters; Pressure washers; Steam cleaning equipment; Wallpaper steamers
- Putty knives — Drywall taping knives; Patching knives; Spackling knives
- Razor knives — Glass scrapers; Glaziers' knives
- Safety boots — Work boots
- Saw blades — Grout removal tools
- Saws — Drywall ripping tools
- Scaffolding — Mobile scaffolds
- Scribers — Scoring tools
- Stencils or lettering aids — Stencils
- Temperature gauge — Temperature gauges
- Trowels — Float trowels; Texturing trowels
- Utility knives
- Wallpaper roller — Seam rollers
- Wire brushes
Technology used in this occupation:
- Analytical or scientific software — Evergreen Technology Total Faux
- Customer relationship management CRM software — Sage ACT!
- Data base user interface and query software — Insight Direct ServiceCEO
- Project management software — Evergreen Technology Eagle Bid Estimating; On Center Quick Bid; Turtle Creek Software Goldenseal
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Contractor City Contractor Forms Pack
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
- Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
Detailed Work Activities
- Prepare surfaces for finishing.
- Cut carpet, vinyl or other flexible materials.
- Mix substances or compounds needed for work activities.
- Apply decorative or textured finishes or coverings.
- Smooth surfaces with abrasive materials or tools.
- Apply sealants or other protective coatings.
- Review blueprints or specifications to determine work requirements.
- Apply material to fill gaps in surfaces.
- Estimate construction project costs.
- Assemble temporary equipment or structures.
- Clean surfaces in preparation for work activities.
- Estimate materials requirements for projects.
- Protect structures or surfaces near work areas to avoid damage.
- Order construction or extraction materials or equipment.
- Select construction equipment.
- Apply paint to surfaces.
- Spend Time Standing — 89% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 84% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 76% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 69% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Contact With Others — 51% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 14% responded “Very important.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 57% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 41% responded “Very important.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets
- Time Pressure — 43% responded “Every day.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 12% responded “High responsibility.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 28% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — 49% responded “More than half the time.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 33% responded “Very important.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 43% responded “High responsibility.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 34% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 24% responded “Very important results.”
- Physical Proximity — 55% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Exposed to High Places — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 30% responded “Some freedom.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 52% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 41% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 25% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — 36% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 28% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 37% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Level of Competition — 27% responded “Extremely competitive.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 28% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 39% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 41% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 28% responded “Very little freedom.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 35% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|52||High school diploma or equivalent|
|30||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$17.29 hourly, $35,950 annual|
|Employment (2012)||316,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Faster than average (15% to 21%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||110,500|
|Top industries (2012)|
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Painters, Construction and Maintenance . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.
- Associated Builders and Contractors (ABC) , Workforce Development Dept., 4250 N. Fairfax Dr., 9th Floor, Arlington, VA 22203. Phone: (703) 812-2000.
- International Union of Painters and Allied Trades (IUPAT) , 1750 New York Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20006. Phone: (202) 637-0700.
- Painting and Decorating Contractors of America (PDCA) , 1801 Park 270 Dr., Suite 220, St. Louis, MO 63146. Phone: (800) 332-7322. Fax: (314) 514-9417.