Summary Report for:
47-2151.00 - Pipelayers
Lay pipe for storm or sanitation sewers, drains, and water mains. Perform any combination of the following tasks: grade trenches or culverts, position pipe, or seal joints.
Sample of reported job titles: Construction Laborer, Equipment Operator, Laborer, Machine Operator, Pipe Layer, Pipelayer, Skilled Laborer
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Check slopes for conformance to requirements, using levels or lasers.
- Cover pipes with earth or other materials.
- Connect pipe pieces and seal joints, using welding equipment, cement, or glue.
- Cut pipes to required lengths.
- Install or repair sanitary or stormwater sewer structures or pipe systems.
- Install or use instruments such as lasers, grade rods, or transit levels.
- Grade or level trench bases, using tamping machines or hand tools.
- Lay out pipe routes, following written instructions or blueprints and coordinating layouts with supervisors.
- Align and position pipes to prepare them for welding or sealing.
- Dig trenches to desired or required depths, by hand or using trenching tools.
- Operate mechanized equipment, such as pickup trucks, rollers, tandem dump trucks, front-end loaders, or backhoes.
- Train or supervise others in laying pipe.
- Tap and drill holes into pipes to introduce auxiliary lines or devices.
- Locate existing pipes needing repair or replacement, using magnetic or radio indicators.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Air compressors
- Backhoes — Tractors with backhoe attachments
- Blocks or pulleys — Block and tackle equipment
- Blow torch — Cutting torches
- Boring or sinking machinery — Boring machines; Horizontal boring machines
- Caulking guns
- Circuit tracers — Wire tracers
- Desktop computers
- Dewatering pumps — Water removal pumps
- Diaphragm pumps — Test pumps
- Drain or pipe cleaning equipment — Pigs; Snakes
- Dredgers — Dredges
- Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses
- Gas generators — Generators
- Hydraulic truck cranes — Hydraulic cranes
- Integrated tool carriers — Tractor pipe carrier attachments
- Jacks — Manual screw jacks; Pipeline jacks
- Laser measuring systems — Pipe lasers
- Laser printers
- Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels
- Levels — Optical levels
- Liquid leak detectors — Leak detection equipment
- Manlift or personnel lift — Manlifts
- Metal detectors — Null locators
- Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders
- Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files
- Mud pumps — Sand pumps
- Notebook computers
- Offset socket wrenches — Offset socket wrench sets
- Personal computers
- Pipe bending mandrel — Pipe bending mandrels
- Pipe bending tools — Manual benders
- Pipe layer — Pipelayers
- Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutting machines
- Pipe vises — Aligning clamps
- Pneumatic grinders — Pipe beveling machines
- Pneumatic hammer — Air hammers
- Pneumatic sanding machines — Sandblasters
- Power drills
- Power grinders — Bevel grinding machines; Motor-driven grinders; Portable grinders; Stationary grinders
- Power saws — Concrete saws; Reciprocating pipe saws
- Pressure indicators — Pressure testers
- Pry bars
- Sheet metal grooving machine — Roll groovers
- Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools
- Shovels — Narrow mouth shovels; Round point shovels
- Sledge hammer — Sledgehammers
- Slings — Belting slings
- Spot welding machine — Portable welding machines
- Squares — Combination squares; Framing squares
- Tampers — Hand tampers; Powered tampers
- Tapping machine — Tapping machines
- Threading dies — Pipe threaders
- Track excavators — Excavators
- Track loaders — Tractors with loader attachments
- Trenching machines — Cable plows; Trenchers
- Tube end finisher — Facing machines
- Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
- Voltage or current meters — Voltmeters
- Water pumps — Ditch pumps; Fill pumps
- Welding masks — Welding hoods
- Wheel bulldozers — Bulldozers
- Wheel loaders
- Wire brushes — Motor-driven brushes
Technology used in this occupation:
No knowledge met the minimum score.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
Detailed Work Activities
- Direct construction or extraction personnel.
- Mark reference points on construction materials.
- Evaluate projects to determine compliance with technical specifications.
- Spread sand, dirt or other loose materials onto surfaces.
- Apply adhesives to construction materials.
- Cut metal components for installation.
- Train construction or extraction personnel.
- Weld metal components.
- Install plumbing or piping.
- Maintain plumbing structures or fixtures.
- Drive trucks or truck-mounted equipment.
- Compact materials to create level bases.
- Communicate with other construction or extraction personnel to discuss project details.
- Locate equipment or materials in need of repair or replacement.
- Dig holes or trenches.
- Drill holes in construction materials.
- Operate equipment or vehicles to clear construction sites or move materials.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 100% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 94% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 75% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 60% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 64% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 36% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 22% responded “More than half the time.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 39% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 36% responded “Very important.”
- Physical Proximity — 77% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 51% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 42% responded “Very important.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 40% responded “About half the time.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 40% responded “About half the time.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 13% responded “Some freedom.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 40% responded “Every day.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 23% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 19% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 13% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — 29% responded “Every day.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 14% responded “Never.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 26% responded “Important.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 20% responded “Every day.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 36% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 39% responded “High responsibility.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 31% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 37% responded “Important results.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 39% responded “About half the time.”
- Telephone — 34% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 39% responded “Fairly important.”
- Consequence of Error — 41% responded “Serious.”
- In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 32% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|72||Less than high school diploma|
|23||High school diploma or equivalent|
Interest code: R
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$17.79 hourly, $37,000 annual|
|Employment (2012)||49,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Faster than average (15% to 21%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||16,100|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- American Fire Sprinkler Association (AFSA) , 12750 Merit Dr., Suite 350, Dallas, TX 75251. Phone: (214) 349-5965. Fax: (214) 343-8898.
- Home Builders Institute (HBI) , 1201 15th St. NW, Sixth Floor, Washington, DC 20005. Phone: (800) 795-7955. Fax: (202) 266-8999.
- Mechanical Contractors Association of America (MCAA) , 1385 Piccard Dr., Rockville, MD 20850. Phone: (301) 869-5800. Fax: (301) 990-9690.
- National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) , 1201 15th St. NW, Washington, DC 20005. Phone: (800) 368-5242.
- National Fire Sprinkler Association (NFSA) , 40 Jon Barrett Rd., Patterson, NY 12563. Phone: (845) 878-4200.
- Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors Association (PHCC) , 180 S. Washington St., Falls Church, VA 22046. Phone: (800) 533-7694. Fax: (703) 237-7442.