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Summary Report for:
47-2151.00 - Pipelayers

Lay pipe for storm or sanitation sewers, drains, and water mains. Perform any combination of the following tasks: grade trenches or culverts, position pipe, or seal joints.

Sample of reported job titles: Construction Laborer, Equipment Operator, Heavy Equipment Operator, Machine Operator, Pipe Crew Foreman, Pipe Foreman, Pipelayer, Skilled Laborer, Tailman, Waste Water Worker

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Install or use instruments such as lasers, grade rods, or transit levels. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut pipes to required lengths. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Connect pipe pieces and seal joints, using welding equipment, cement, or glue. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cover pipes with earth or other materials. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install or repair sanitary or stormwater sewer structures or pipe systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Align and position pipes to prepare them for welding or sealing. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Check slopes for conformance to requirements, using levels or lasers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lay out pipe routes, following written instructions or blueprints and coordinating layouts with supervisors. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate mechanized equipment, such as pickup trucks, rollers, tandem dump trucks, front-end loaders, or backhoes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Grade or level trench bases, using tamping machines or hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Dig trenches to desired or required depths, by hand or using trenching tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Tap and drill holes into pipes to introduce auxiliary lines or devices. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Locate existing pipes needing repair or replacement, using magnetic or radio indicators. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Train or supervise others in laying pipe. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Air compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Backhoes — Tractors with backhoe attachments See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blocks or pulleys — Block and tackle equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Cutting torches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Boring or sinking machinery — Boring machines; Horizontal boring machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Caulking guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Circuit tracers — Wire tracers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compactors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dewatering pumps — Water removal pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Diaphragm pumps — Test pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drain or pipe cleaning equipment — Pigs; Snakes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dredgers — Dredges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Explosimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas generators — Generators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Graders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic truck cranes — Hydraulic cranes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Integrated tool carriers — Tractor pipe carrier attachments See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Jacks — Manual screw jacks; Pipeline jacks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ladders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser measuring systems — Pipe lasers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels — Optical levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Liquid leak detectors — Leak detection equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manlift or personnel lift — Manlifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal detectors — Null locators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mud pumps — Sand pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Offset socket wrenches — Offset socket wrench sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ohmmeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe bending mandrel — Pipe bending mandrels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe bending tools — Manual benders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe layer — Pipelayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutting machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe vises — Aligning clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic grinders — Pipe beveling machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic hammer — Air hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic sanding machines — Sandblasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power grinders — Bevel grinding machines; Motor-driven grinders; Portable grinders; Stationary grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Concrete saws; Reciprocating pipe saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure indicators — Pressure testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pry bars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scaffolding See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sheet metal grooving machine — Roll groovers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shovels — Narrow mouth shovels; Round point shovels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sledge hammer — Sledgehammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Slings — Belting slings See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spot welding machine — Portable welding machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Squares — Combination squares; Framing squares See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tampers — Hand tampers; Powered tampers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tapping machine — Tapping machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threading dies — Pipe threaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Track excavators — Excavators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Track loaders — Tractors with loader attachments See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Trenching machines — Cable plows; Trenchers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tube end finisher — Facing machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Voltage or current meters — Voltmeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water pumps — Ditch pumps; Fill pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welding masks — Welding hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wheel bulldozers — Bulldozers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wheel loaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Winches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire brushes — Motor-driven brushes See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Spreadsheet software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Direct construction or extraction personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mark reference points on construction materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Locate equipment or materials in need of repair or replacement. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train construction or extraction personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut metal components for installation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drive trucks or truck-mounted equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply adhesives to construction materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Spread sand, dirt or other loose materials onto surfaces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Weld metal components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate with other construction or extraction personnel to discuss project details. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install plumbing or piping. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Compact materials to create level bases. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain plumbing structures or fixtures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Dig holes or trenches. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate projects to determine compliance with technical specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate equipment or vehicles to clear construction sites or move materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drill holes in construction materials. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 100% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 99% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 96% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 83% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 78% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 82% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 71% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 60% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 68% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 54% responded “Very close (near touching).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 60% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — 53% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 56% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 58% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 64% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 51% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 61% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 41% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 50% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 48% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 48% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 44% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 50% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 33% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 38% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 41% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 40% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 51% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 37% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 38% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 33% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 36% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 35% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 31% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — 35% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 27% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
71   High school diploma or equivalent Help
24   Less than high school diploma
4   Professional degree Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: R

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $17.79 hourly, $37,000 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 49,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 16,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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