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Summary Report for:
47-2211.00 - Sheet Metal Workers

Fabricate, assemble, install, and repair sheet metal products and equipment, such as ducts, control boxes, drainpipes, and furnace casings. Work may involve any of the following: setting up and operating fabricating machines to cut, bend, and straighten sheet metal; shaping metal over anvils, blocks, or forms using hammer; operating soldering and welding equipment to join sheet metal parts; or inspecting, assembling, and smoothing seams and joints of burred surfaces. Includes sheet metal duct installers who install prefabricated sheet metal ducts used for heating, air conditioning, or other purposes.

Sample of reported job titles: Field Installer; HVAC Sheet Metal Installer (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Sheet Metal Installer); Journeyman Sheet Metal Worker; Sheet Metal Apprentice; Sheet Metal Fabricator; Sheet Metal Foreman; Sheet Metal Installer; Sheet Metal Layout Mechanic; Sheet Metal Mechanic; Sheet Metal Worker

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Convert blueprints into shop drawings to be followed in the construction or assembly of sheet metal products. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine project requirements, such as scope, assembly sequences, or required methods or materials, using blueprints, drawings, or written or verbal instructions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lay out, measure, and mark dimensions and reference lines on material such as roofing panels, using calculators, scribes, dividers, squares, or rulers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fasten seams or joints together with welds, bolts, cement, rivets, solder, caulks, metal drive clips, or bonds to assemble components into products or to repair sheet metal items. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Trim, file, grind, deburr, buff, or smooth surfaces, seams, or joints of assembled parts, using hand tools or portable power tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fabricate ducts for high efficiency heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems to maximize efficiency of systems. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Select gauges or types of sheet metal or nonmetallic material, according to product specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Finish parts, using hacksaws or hand, rotary, or squaring shears. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Shape metal material over anvils, blocks, or other forms, using hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fabricate or alter parts at construction sites, using shears, hammers, punches, or drills. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Transport prefabricated parts to construction sites for assembly and installation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install assemblies, such as flashing, pipes, tubes, heating and air conditioning ducts, furnace casings, rain gutters, or downspouts in supportive frameworks. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Hire, train, or supervise new employees or apprentices. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain equipment, making repairs or modifications when necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop or lay out patterns, using computerized metalworking equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maneuver completed roofing units into position for installation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect individual parts, assemblies, or installations, using measuring instruments, such as calipers, scales, or micrometers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Verify that heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are designed, installed, and calibrated in accordance with green certification standards, such as those of Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED). Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Secure metal roof panels in place by interlocking and fastening grooved panel edges. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform building commissioning activities by completing mechanical inspections of a building's water, lighting, or heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fasten roof panel edges or machine-made moldings to structures by nailing or welding. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform sheet metal work necessary for solar panel installations. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Adjustable wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air velocity and temperature monitors — Draft gauges; Velometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ammeters — Clamp-on ammeters; Microamp meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Angle grinder — Angle grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Awls — Scratch awls See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ball peen hammer — Ball peen hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bolt cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • C clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers — Vernier calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Caulking guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chalk lines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cold chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compasses — Beam compasses; Dividers; Trammel points See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Deburring tool — Burring machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dollies — Hand dollies See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses; Power presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ear muffs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • End cut pliers — Side cutting pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Explosimeters — Combustion analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flowmeters — Calibrated flow hoods; Pitot tubes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Furnace soldering machine — Soldering furnaces See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Oxyacetylene welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Goggles — Safety goggles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hacksaw — Hacksaws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers — Bumping hammers; Setting hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hard hats See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hex keys — Allen wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoists — Chain hoists; Hydraulic hoists See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic hand crimp tool — Hand crimpers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic press brake — Computer controlled presses; Power brakes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic press frames — Hydraulic presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hygrometers — Humidity sensors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Impact wrenches — Electric impact wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ladders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser cutting machine — Laser cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Leak testing equipment — Smoke testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels — Laser levels; Spirit levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Locking pliers — Vise grip pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manometers — Inclined manometers; U-tube manometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manual press brake — Hand brakes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal band sawing machine — Bandsaws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal cutters — Aviation snips; Hand notchers; Power notchers; V-notchers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal folding machine — Bar folders; Box and pan brakes; Slip roll formers; Spiral duct machines (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Micrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Multimeters — Digital multimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Nibblers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Nut drivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ohmmeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oxygen gas analyzers — Oxygen testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe reamer — Pipe reamers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plasma arc welding machine — Plasma cutters; Portable plasma cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plumb bobs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic hammer — Pneumatic hammers; Riveting hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic impact wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic riveter — Rivet presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Positioning jig — Jigs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power buffers — Polishers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills — Cordless drills; Electric drills; Hammer drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power routers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power sanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Circular saws; Cold-cut saws; Cutoff saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure indicators — Magnehelic pressure gauges; Pressure gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protective coveralls — Protective clothing See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protective gloves — Safety gloves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Psychrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts — Center punches; Drifts; Hole punches; Rotary punches (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Remote reading thermometers — Stack thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rivet tools — Dimplers; Pneumatic riveters; Pop rivet guns; Riveting tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rolling press — Beading machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety glasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sawing machines — Computer controlled saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scaffolding See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scales — Scale rulers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scribers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shears — Power shears; Ring and circular shears; Squaring shears; Unishears (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sheet metal forming machine — Double seaming equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sheet metal grooving machine — Wiring machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sheet metal pliers — Groovers; Seamers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Single gas monitors — Carbon dioxide CO2 monitors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Slings See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Socket sets — Socket wrench sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spot welding machine — Portable spot welders; Spot welders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Squares — Framing squares; Set squares See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stencils or lettering aids — Stencils See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Straight edges — Straightedges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • T squares See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tachometers — Mechanical tachometers; Strobe tachometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Templates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermographs — Tempscribes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threading dies — Pipe threaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threading taps — Tap sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tinners snips — Combination snips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tongs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Trim press — Easy edgers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Turning machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Voltage or current meters — Millivolt meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welding generator — AC welding power units; AC/DC welding power units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welding masks — Welding facial shields; Welding helmets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welding or cutting tip — Welding tips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire cutters See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD software; Parametric Technology Pro/ENGINEER software; UGS NX; XY Soft Sheet Cutting Suite (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided manufacturing CAM software — Applied Production ProFab; JETCAM Expert; Striker Systems SS-Profile; WiCAM PN4000 (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Direct construction or extraction personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Fabricate parts or components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assemble products or production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect completed work to ensure proper installation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mark reference points on construction materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure materials or objects for installation or assembly. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plan layout of construction, installation, or repairs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Smooth surfaces with abrasive materials or tools. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Weld metal components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Position structural components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train construction or extraction personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install plumbing or piping. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Review blueprints or specifications to determine work requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create construction or installation diagrams. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Move construction or extraction materials to locations where they are needed. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Select construction materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install building fixtures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain construction tools or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect industrial or commercial equipment to ensure proper operation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate construction projects to determine compliance with external standards or regulations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install roofing materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install green structural components, equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Spend Time Standing — 89% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 84% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 82% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 81% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 78% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 64% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 50% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 57% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 73% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 67% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 23% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 58% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 37% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 42% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 45% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 40% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 32% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 35% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — 51% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 45% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 48% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 25% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 60% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 49% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 51% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 36% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 21% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 40% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 34% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 41% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 39% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 25% responded “Limited responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 44% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 24% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — 32% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to High Places — 40% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 45% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
60   High school diploma or equivalent Help
18   Less than high school diploma
13   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: R

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $21.67 hourly, $45,070 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 142,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 48,900
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Sheet Metal Workers external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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