Summary Report for:
51-4192.00 - Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic
Lay out reference points and dimensions on metal or plastic stock or workpieces, such as sheets, plates, tubes, structural shapes, castings, or machine parts, for further processing. Includes shipfitters.
Sample of reported job titles: Development Mechanic, Fabricator, Layout Fabricator, Layout Fitter, Layout Inspector, Layout Man, Layout Mechanic, Layout Technician (Layout Tech), Layout Worker, Quality Technician
- Mark curves, lines, holes, dimensions, and welding symbols onto workpieces, using scribes, soapstones, punches, and hand drills.
- Plan locations and sequences of cutting, drilling, bending, rolling, punching, and welding operations, using compasses, protractors, dividers, and rules.
- Fit and align fabricated parts to be welded or assembled.
- Locate center lines and verify template positions, using measuring instruments such as gauge blocks, height gauges, and dial indicators.
- Plan and develop layouts from blueprints and templates, applying knowledge of trigonometry, design, effects of heat, and properties of metals.
- Lay out and fabricate metal structural parts such as plates, bulkheads, and frames.
- Compute layout dimensions, and determine and mark reference points on metal stock or workpieces for further processing, such as welding and assembly.
- Lift and position workpieces in relation to surface plates, manually or with hoists, and using parallel blocks and angle plates.
- Design and prepare templates of wood, paper, or metal.
- Install doors, hatches, brackets, and clips.
- Brace parts in position within hulls or ships for riveting or welding.
- Inspect machined parts to verify conformance to specifications.
- Add dimensional details to blueprints or drawings made by other workers.
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software
- Inventory management software — Inventory tracking software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Procedure management software — Hexagon Metrology PC-DMIS; Optical Gaging Products Measure-X
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Calipers — Measurement calipers
- Comparators — Optical comparators
- Compasses — Drafting compasses
- Coordinate measuring machines CMM
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
- Drafting divider — Drafting dividers
- Forklifts — Wheeled forklifts
- Gage block set — Parallel blocks
- Gauge block — Gauge block sets
- Hand or push drill — Hand drills
- Hardness testers — Digital hardness testers
- Height gauges — Digital height gauges
- Hoists — Power hoists
- Micrometers — Digital micrometers
- Power saws — Electric saws
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Punches
- Scribers — Scribes
- Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Stick welding machines
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
Detailed Work Activities
- Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references.
- Align parts or workpieces to ensure proper assembly.
- Plan production or operational procedures or sequences.
- Design templates or patterns.
- Assemble metal or plastic parts or products.
- Lay out parts to prepare for assembly.
- Calculate dimensions of workpieces, products, or equipment.
- Attach decorative or functional accessories to products.
- Lift materials or workpieces using cranes or other lifting equipment.
- Assemble metal structures.
- Inspect metal, plastic, or composite products.
- Create diagrams or blueprints for workpieces or products.
- Construct patterns, templates, or other work aids.
- Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 100% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 69% responded “Extremely important.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 87% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 65% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 66% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 71% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 80% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 55% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 64% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 62% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 70% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 66% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 44% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 52% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 45% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 61% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 36% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 37% responded “Important results.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 37% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 41% responded “Some freedom.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 37% responded “Very important.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 36% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 34% responded “Very important.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 36% responded “Some freedom.”
- Physical Proximity — 47% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Consequence of Error — 45% responded “Very serious.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 35% responded “Never.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 41% responded “Every day.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 32% responded “High responsibility.”
- Level of Competition — 27% responded “Highly competitive.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include orderlies, forest firefighters, customer service representatives, security guards, upholsterers, and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Interest code: RCI Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2017)||$22.26 hourly, $46,310 annual|
|Employment (2016)||9,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2016-2026)||Decline (-2% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2016-2026)||900|
|Top industries (2016)|