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Summary Report for:
47-4051.00 - Highway Maintenance Workers

Maintain highways, municipal and rural roads, airport runways, and rights-of-way. Duties include patching broken or eroded pavement, repairing guard rails, highway markers, and snow fences. May also mow or clear brush from along road or plow snow from roadway.

Sample of reported job titles: Equipment Operator (EO), Heavy Equipment Operator, Highway Maintainer, Highway Maintenance Crew Worker, Highway Maintenance Technician, Highway Maintenance Worker, Highway Worker, Transportation Maintenance Operator, Transportation Maintenance Specialist (TMS), Truck Driver

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks

  • Flag motorists to warn them of obstacles or repair work ahead. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set out signs and cones around work areas to divert traffic. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform preventative maintenance on vehicles and heavy equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Drive heavy equipment and vehicles with adjustable attachments to sweep debris from paved surfaces, mow grass and weeds, remove snow and ice, and spread salt and sand. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Drive trucks to transport crews and equipment to work sites. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Haul and spread sand, gravel, and clay to fill washouts and repair road shoulders. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Dump, spread, and tamp asphalt, using pneumatic tampers, to repair joints and patch broken pavement. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean and clear debris from culverts, catch basins, drop inlets, ditches, and other drain structures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove litter and debris from roadways, including debris from rock and mud slides. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Erect, install, or repair guardrails, road shoulders, berms, highway markers, warning signals, and highway lighting, using hand tools and power tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect, clean, and repair drainage systems, bridges, tunnels, and other structures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform roadside landscaping work, such as clearing weeds and brush, and planting and trimming trees. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect markers to verify accurate installation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Paint traffic control lines and place pavement traffic messages, by hand or using machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply oil to road surfaces, using sprayers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure and mark locations for installation of markers, using tape, string, or chalk. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Place and remove snow fences used to prevent the accumulation of drifting snow on highways. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply poisons along roadsides and in animal burrows to eliminate unwanted roadside vegetation and rodents. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Adjustable wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aggregate spreaders — Hydraulic spreaders; Sand spreaders; Stone box spreaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Agricultural tractors — Berm drag tractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • All terrain cranes — 10-ton crawlers; Self-propelled cranes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Articulating boom lift — Bucket trucks; Cherry pickers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Axes — Bush axes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Barricades — Towable barricades See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bituminous material distributors — Bituminous pavers; Tar distributors; Windrow loaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blades or tooth or other cutting edges — Stump cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bridge cranes — Snoopers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Burners — Oil heating burners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cargo trucks — Gas transporters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chip Spreaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Circuit tester — Circuit testing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cold planers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compactors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Concrete mixers or plants — Concrete mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Concrete spreaders — Power screeds See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conventional truck cranes — Boom trucks; Truck mounted cranes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Delivery trucks — Heavy trucks; Transport trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Derricks — Digger derricks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Disks — Tractor disc attachments See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ditchers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Draglines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drain or pipe cleaning equipment — Catch basin vacuum cleaners; Culvert cleaners; Sewer cleaners; Sewer eels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dump trucks — 10-ton tandem-axle dump trucks; 8-ton dump trucks; Belly dump tractor trailers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Earthmoving buckets or its parts or accessories — 30-ton clam buckets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flatbed trailers — Low boys See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Front end loaders — Four-wheel drive front end loaders; Two-wheel drive front end loaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas generators — Generators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Graders — 13000-23000 pound graders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grouting machines — Pavement joint sealers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers — Swiss hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand held rock drills — Rock drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand sprayers — Epoxy guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Harrows See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic pumps — High-pressure hydraulic pumps; Medium pressure hydraulic pumps; Paint transfer pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic truck cranes — Wheeled hydraulic booms See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Impact wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Kettle exchangers — Tar kettles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lasers — Graffiti removing lasers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lawnmowers — Push mowers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Light trucks or sport utility vehicles — Light trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Low cab forward tractors — Truck low-bed trailer combos See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Machetes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Measuring wheels for distance — Measuring wheels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Minivans or vans — Vans See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mobile excavators — Truck mounted excavators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mowers — Rear brush hog mowers; Rear flail mowers; Side-mount rotary mowers; Tractor-mounted mowers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mud pumps — Mud jacks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Non temperature controlled tanker trailers — Tanker trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint sprayers — Paint guns; Thermoplastic applicators; Truck-mounted pavement striping machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paving breaker tools or accessories — Mounted pavement breakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paving breakers — Pavement grinders; Pothole excavation milling machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Picks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pile drivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Platform lift — Platform trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic hammer — Jackhammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic sanding machines — Sandblasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Post hole digger — Hole diggers/augers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power chippers — Brush chippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Chain saws; Concrete saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure or steam cleaners — Pressure washers; Steam cleaning equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rakes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Road pavers — Laydown machines; Pull type pavers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Road rooters — Concrete groovers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Road surface heater planers — Asphalt reclaimers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Road wideners — Self-propelled road wideners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rock cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rollers — 4-6 ton roller patchers; Patch rollers less than 9 tons; Pavement rollers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety chains — Tire chains See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scaffolding — Swinging stages See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scissor lift or lift table — Scissor trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scrubbing machines — Power broom street sweepers; Self-propelled sweepers; Tow brooms See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Seeder attachment — Seeders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shovels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Snow blowers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Snowplow attachments — Rotary snowplows; Snowplows See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spades See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spot welding machine — Portable welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sprayers — Chemical sprayers; Computerized weed spray trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tampers — Pneumatic tampers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Theodolites See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Track bulldozers — Side dozers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Track excavators — Gradalls; Hydraulic excavators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Two way radios See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum cleaners — Multipurpose vacuum street sweepers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vibratory plates — Concrete paving vibrators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Weeders — Weedeaters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wheel bulldozers — Bulldozers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wheel loaders — Athey loaders See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Data base user interface and query software — Database software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Direct vehicle traffic. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain mechanical equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect completed work to ensure proper installation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Pour materials into or on designated areas. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mark reference points on construction materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mix substances or compounds needed for work activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean equipment or facilities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Spread sand, dirt or other loose materials onto surfaces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure work site dimensions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install fencing or other barriers. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain plumbing structures or fixtures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drive trucks or truck-mounted equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Compact materials to create level bases. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate road-surfacing equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Spread concrete or other aggregate mixtures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Move construction or extraction materials to locations where they are needed. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect industrial or commercial equipment to ensure proper operation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate equipment or vehicles to clear construction sites or move materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply paint to surfaces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Remove debris or vegetation from work sites. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Dismantle equipment or temporary structures. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 77% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 74% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 60% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 77% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 64% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 68% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 62% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 54% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 61% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 52% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 54% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 48% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 41% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 38% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 38% responded “Very close (near touching).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 37% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 41% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — 34% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 41% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 34% responded “Limited freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 37% responded “Limited freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 36% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 31% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 29% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 39% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 84% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 31% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 37% responded “Fairly important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 38% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 36% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 34% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 41% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 37% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 39% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 32% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 37% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
78   High school diploma or equivalent Help
14   Post-secondary certificate Help
8   Less than high school diploma

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RC

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $17.59 hourly, $36,580 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 148,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 30,300
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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