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Summary Report for:
49-3021.00 - Automotive Body and Related Repairers

Repair and refinish automotive vehicle bodies and straighten vehicle frames.

Sample of reported job titles: Auto Body Man, Auto Body Repair Technician, Auto Body Repairer, Auto Body Repairman, Auto Body Technician, Autobody Technician, Automotive Painter, Body and Frame Man, Body Man, Body Technician

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Follow supervisors' instructions as to which parts to restore or replace and how much time the job should take. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review damage reports, prepare or review repair cost estimates, and plan work to be performed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Sand body areas to be painted and cover bumpers, windows, and trim with masking tape or paper to protect them from the paint. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fit and weld replacement parts into place, using wrenches and welding equipment, and grind down welds to smooth them, using power grinders and other tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prime and paint repaired surfaces, using paint sprayguns and motorized sanders. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove damaged sections of vehicles using metal-cutting guns, air grinders and wrenches, and install replacement parts using wrenches or welding equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Chain or clamp frames and sections to alignment machines that use hydraulic pressure to align damaged components. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fill small dents that cannot be worked out with plastic or solder. See more occupations related to this task.
  • File, grind, sand and smooth filled or repaired surfaces, using power tools and hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove upholstery, accessories, electrical window-and-seat-operating equipment, and trim to gain access to vehicle bodies and fenders. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Position dolly blocks against surfaces of dented areas and beat opposite surfaces to remove dents, using hammers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mix polyester resins and hardeners to be used in restoring damaged areas. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Adjust or align headlights, wheels, and brake systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut and tape plastic separating film to outside repair areas to avoid damaging surrounding surfaces during repair procedure, and remove tape and wash surfaces after repairs are complete. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove small pits and dimples in body metal using pick hammers and punches. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fit and secure windows, vinyl roofs, and metal trim to vehicle bodies, using caulking guns, adhesive brushes, and mallets. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove damaged panels, and identify the family and properties of the plastic used on a vehicle. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean work areas, using air hoses, to remove damaged material and discarded fiberglass strips used in repair procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply heat to plastic panels, using hot-air welding guns or immersion in hot water, and press the softened panels back into shape by hand. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect repaired vehicles for proper functioning, completion of work, dimensional accuracy, and overall appearance of paint job, and test drive vehicles to ensure proper alignment and handling. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Read specifications or confer with customers to determine the desired custom modifications for altering the appearance of vehicles. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure and mark vinyl material and cut material to size for roof installation, using rules, straightedges, and hand shears. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Replace damaged glass on vehicles. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Soak fiberglass matting in resin mixtures, and apply layers of matting over repair areas to specified thicknesses. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut openings in vehicle bodies for the installation of customized windows, using templates and power shears or chisels. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Adjustable wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Anvils See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Blow torches; Oxyacetylene torches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers — Vernier calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chisel bit — Spot weld breakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cold chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Depth gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Feeler gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fluorescent lamps — Fluorescent lights See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Gas arc welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Goggles — Welding goggles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grease guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers — Dent hammers; Pick hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heat guns — Hot air guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Height gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoists See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Impact wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Infrared lamps — Infrared IR paint curing units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Jacks — Hydraulic jacks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Knife blades — Double-edged blades See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lifts — Hydraulic automobile lifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manual press brake — Hand brakes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal cutters — Double-edged cutter tools; Panel cutters; Pneumatic metal cutting guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Micrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Nut drivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint application system — Spray booths See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint sprayers — High velocity low pressure HVLP spray equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pitch measuring instruments — Pitch gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic hammer — Air chisels; Air hammers; Pneumatic hammers; Pneumatic smoothing hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic press — Pneumatic panel crimpers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic sanding machines — Pressure feed sandblasters; Suction feed sandblasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power buffers — Buffing machines; Machine polishers; Portable buffers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power grinders — Grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power sanders — Media blasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Body saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure indicators — Air pressure gauges; Pressure gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure or steam cleaners — Pressure washers; Steam cleaning equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protective gloves — Safety gloves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pry bars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pullers — Pick pull rods; Pull rods; Slide hammers; T pullers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts — Power punches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rasps — Surforms See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ratchets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Razor knives — Scrapers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Respirators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rivet tools — Pop rivet guns; Rivet busters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • S hooks — S-hooks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety glasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sanding blocks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shears — Foot shears; Hand shears; Power shears See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Socket sets — Socket wrench sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soldering iron — Soldering equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spatulas — Bondo spreaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spot welding machine — Portable welding machines; Resistance spot welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Squares — Alignment squares See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stamping dies or punches — Punches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stencils or lettering aids — Paint stencils See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Suction cups See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Telescoping gauge — Telescoping gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Trim or molding tools — Crown spoons; Door skin dollies; Toe dollies; Universal railroad dollies (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives — Windshield knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wedges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welder torch — Brazing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welding electrode — Welding electrodes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welding generator — Weld current controllers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welding masks — Welding helmets; Welding hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welding or cutting tip — Welding tips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welding or soldering kit — Stud welder kits See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wheel alignment equipment — Alignment machines; Frame alignment equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire brushes — Stainless steel brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Workshop cranes — Hydraulic cranes See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Accounting software — Accounts receivable software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Analytical or scientific software — Collision damage estimation software; Collision damage measurement software; Paint mixing and matching software; Swan River Estimiser Pro See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Calendar and scheduling software — Appointment scheduling software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — AutoZone ALLDATA; Equipment management information software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Inventory management software — Materials management software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Point of sale POS software — Automotive and Accounting Software by R*KOM Invoice Writer See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Paint surfaces or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Replace vehicle glass. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut materials according to specifications or needs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect completed work to ensure proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Confer with customers or users to assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate welding equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install vehicle parts or accessories. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust vehicle components according to specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean work areas. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Disassemble equipment for maintenance or repair. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Remove parts or components from vehicles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Read work orders or descriptions of problems to determine repairs or modifications needed. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plan work procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Smooth surfaces of objects or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply protective coverings to objects or surfaces near work areas. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure distances or dimensions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install machine or equipment replacement parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Remove dents from equipment, materials, tools or structures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare compounds or solutions to be used for repairs. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 89% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 78% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 73% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 80% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 56% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 63% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 43% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 40% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 56% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 39% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 42% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 52% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 46% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 46% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 52% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 49% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 37% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 39% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 68% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 33% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 45% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 32% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 28% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 45% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 29% responded “Extremely competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
44   High school diploma or equivalent Help
28   Post-secondary certificate Help
25   Less than high school diploma

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: R

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $19.38 hourly, $40,320 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 154,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 50,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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