Summary Report for:
49-3041.00 - Farm Equipment Mechanics and Service Technicians
Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul farm machinery and vehicles, such as tractors, harvesters, dairy equipment, and irrigation systems.
Sample of reported job titles: Agricultural Mechanic, Agricultural Technician, Farm Equipment Mechanic, Harvester Mechanic, Mechanic, Service Mechanic, Service Technician, Shop Mechanic, Tractor Mechanic
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Record details of repairs made and parts used.
- Reassemble machines and equipment following repair, testing operation and making adjustments as necessary.
- Maintain, repair, and overhaul farm machinery and vehicles, such as tractors, harvesters, and irrigation systems.
- Examine and listen to equipment, read inspection reports, and confer with customers to locate and diagnose malfunctions.
- Dismantle defective machines for repair, using hand tools.
- Test and replace electrical components and wiring, using test meters, soldering equipment, and hand tools.
- Repair or replace defective parts, using hand tools, milling and woodworking machines, lathes, welding equipment, grinders, or saws.
- Clean and lubricate parts.
- Tune or overhaul engines.
- Drive trucks to haul tools and equipment for on-site repair of large machinery.
- Fabricate new metal parts, using drill presses, engine lathes, and other machine tools.
- Calculate bills according to record of repairs made, labor time, and parts used.
- Install and repair agricultural irrigation, plumbing, and sprinkler systems.
- Repair bent or torn sheet metal.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable end wrenches
- Air compressors — Gas powered air compressors
- Ammeters — Inductive ammeters
- Angle grinder — Angle grinders
- Automatic lathe or chucking machine — Automated lathes
- Ball peen hammer — Machinist's hammers
- Bastard cut file — Flat bastard files
- Bench grinder — Bench grinders
- Bench vises — Clamp-on bench vises
- Bolt cutters — Heavy duty bolt cutters
- Box end wrenches — Offset box wrenches
- Bullet pilot point — Spade drill bits
- C clamps
- Calipers — Inside calipers; Outside calipers; Vernier calipers
- Center punch — Automatic center punches
- Claw hammer — Curved claw hammers
- Cold chisels — Diamond point chisels; Flat cold chisels; Round nose chisels
- Combination pliers
- Combination wrenches — Combination spanners
- Countersinks — Countersink drill bits
- Crimping pliers — Crimping tools
- Diagonal cut pliers — Diagonal cutting pliers
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Clamping dial indicator
- Drill bit set — Drill bit sets
- Drill press or radial drill — Bench mount drill presses
- Dynamometers — Engine dynamometers
- Engine tune up tester — Engine analyzers; Engine compression testers
- Feeler gauges — Flat feeler gauges
- Flow sensors — Fuel flow gauges
- Fuel pressure sensor — Fuel pressure gauges
- Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Oxyacetylene welders
- Grinding wheel dressers
- Hacksaw — Mini hacksaws
- Hammers — Ripping hammers
- Heat guns — Dual temperature heat guns
- Hole gauge — Small hole gauges
- Impact wrenches — Air wrenches
- Insulation resistance meters — Insulation resistance testers
- Jacks — Short chassis jacks
- Levels — Mechanic's levels
- Linemans pliers — Lineman's pliers
- Locking pliers — Hose clamp pliers; Locking chain pliers; Straight jaw locking pliers
- Mallets — Rawhide hammers
- Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders
- Micrometers — Inside micrometers; Outside micrometers
- Multimeters — Digital multimeters
- Needlenose pliers — Needle nose pliers
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Nut drivers — T-handle nut drivers
- Offset screw driver — Offset screwdrivers
- Ohmmeters — Digital ohmmeters
- Oil gun — Oil injectors
- Oscilloscopes — Digital oscilloscopes
- Personal computers
- Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters
- Pipe reamer — Spiral pipe reamers
- Portable data input terminals — Diagnostic scan units
- Power drills — Electric drills
- Power grinders — Disk grinders
- Power riveter — Pop riveters; Rivet guns
- Power saws — Portable power hacksaws
- Pullers — Bearing pullers; External gear pullers; Internal gear pullers; Slide hammers
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Nail sets
- Pyrometers — Digital pyrometers
- Ratchets — Flex head ratchets; Reversible ratches
- Router bits — Router bit sets
- Saws — Handsaws
- Screw extractors — Spiral screw extractors
- Screwdriver bits — Screwdriver bit sets
- Screwdrivers — Clutch head screwdrivers; Phillips screwdrivers; Standard screwdrivers
- Sharpening stones or tools or kits — Oil stones
- Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Arc welders
- Slip joint pliers
- Slip or groove joint pliers — Groove joint pliers
- Sockets — Extension sockets; Flex handle sockets; Universal socket wrenches
- Soldering iron — Soldering guns
- Spark plug gap gauge — Spark plug feeler gauges
- Spark plug wrench — Spark plug sockets
- Speedometers — Speed indicators
- Squares — Steel squares
- Tachometers — Digital tachometers
- Taper punch — Lining-up punches
- Taps — Tap and die sets
- Thickness measuring devices — Sheet metal gauges
- Thread pitch gauge — Screw thread pitch gauges
- Threading dies — Pie dies
- Threading taps — Pipe taps
- Timing light — Engine timing lights
- Tinners snips — Aviation snips
- Tire pressure gauge — Digital tire pressure gauges
- Tire repair kit — Valve core removal tools
- Torque screwdriver — Digital torque screwdrivers
- Torque wrenches — Click type torque wrenches
- Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welders
- Vacuum gauges — Digital vacuum gauges
- Voltage or current meters — Digital voltmeters
- Wire gauge — Circular wire gauges
- Wire-stripping pliers — Wire stripper pliers
- Workshop cranes — Portable cranes
Technology used in this occupation:
- Data base user interface and query software — FarmLogic FarmPAD; ServiceMax software
- Electronic mail software — Microsoft Oulook
- Facilities management software — Computerized maintenace management system CMMS software
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
- Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Detailed Work Activities
- Test mechanical equipment to ensure proper functioning.
- Clean equipment, parts, or tools to repair or maintain them in good working order.
- Lubricate equipment to allow proper functioning.
- Repair defective engines or engine components.
- Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Fabricate parts or components.
- Inspect mechanical equipment to locate damage, defects, or wear.
- Reassemble equipment after repair.
- Test electrical circuits or components for proper functioning.
- Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
- Adjust vehicle components according to specifications.
- Disassemble equipment for maintenance or repair.
- Service vehicles to maintain functionality.
- Confer with customers or users to assess problems.
- Maintain repair or maintenance records.
- Repair pipes to stop leaking.
- Install machine or equipment replacement parts.
- Read work orders or descriptions of problems to determine repairs or modifications needed.
- Move large objects using heavy equipment.
- Install piping for installation or maintenance activities.
- Repair structural components.
- Exposed to Contaminants — 90% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 87% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Telephone — 80% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 79% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 72% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 59% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 63% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 56% responded “Extremely important.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 52% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 50% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 67% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 45% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 51% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results
- Time Pressure — 40% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Deal With External Customers — 44% responded “Very important.”
- In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 50% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 54% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Under Cover — 44% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 36% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 51% responded “Very important.”
- Spend Time Standing — 35% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 57% responded “Very important.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 22% responded “Never.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 31% responded “Every day.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 48% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 46% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 14% responded “About half the time.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 39% responded “More than half the time.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 32% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Level of Competition — 47% responded “Highly competitive.”
- Physical Proximity — 68% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|56||High school diploma or equivalent|
|19||Some college, no degree|
Interest code: RCI
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2015)||$17.82 hourly, $37,050 annual|
|Employment (2014)||40,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Average (5% to 8%)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||12,400|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.