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Summary Report for:
49-9021.02 - Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers

Install and repair industrial and commercial refrigerating systems.

Sample of reported job titles: Ammonia Refrigeration Technician; Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning / Refrigeration Technician (HVAC / R Technician); Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Service Technician (HVAC Service Technician); Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Technician (HVAC Technician); HVAC/R Service Technician (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning/Refrigeration Service Technician); Refrigeration Mechanic; Refrigeration Operator; Refrigeration Technician; Service Technician; Transportation Refrigeration Technician

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Observe and test system operation, using gauges and instruments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Adjust valves according to specifications and charge system with proper type of refrigerant by pumping the specified gas or fluid into the system. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Test lines, components, and connections for leaks. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Dismantle malfunctioning systems and test components, using electrical, mechanical, and pneumatic testing equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Adjust or replace worn or defective mechanisms and parts and reassemble repaired systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Braze or solder parts to repair defective joints and leaks. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform mechanical overhauls and refrigerant reclaiming. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Keep records of repairs and replacements made and causes of malfunctions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install expansion and control valves, using acetylene torches and wrenches. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install wiring to connect components to an electric power source. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mount compressor, condenser, and other components in specified locations on frames, using hand tools and acetylene welding equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Schedule work with customers and initiate work orders, house requisitions, and orders from stock. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Supervise and instruct assistants. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Estimate, order, pick up, deliver, and install materials and supplies needed to maintain equipment in good working condition. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut, bend, thread, and connect pipe to functional components and water, power, or refrigeration system. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lay out reference points for installation of structural and functional components, using measuring instruments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Read blueprints to determine location, size, capacity, and type of components needed to build refrigeration system. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lift and align components into position, using hoist or block and tackle. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fabricate and assemble structural and functional components of refrigeration system, using hand tools, power tools, and welding equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Drill holes and install mounting brackets and hangers into floor and walls of building. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Insulate shells and cabinets of systems. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Adjustable wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air velocity and temperature monitors — Draft gauges; Velometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Alignment jig — Material alignment jigs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ammeters — Milliammeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Anemometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Acetylene torches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bolt cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers — Vernier calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Capacitance meters — Capacitance testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Caulking guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chalk lines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chemical test strips or papers — Litmus papers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cold chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conduit benders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drill bit set — Drill bit sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electrical frequency meters — Electrical frequency indicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • End cut pliers — Side cutting pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Explosimeters — Combustion analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Feeler gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fish tape — Fish tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flow sensors — Air volume test equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flowmeters — Air flow hoods; Pitot tubes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Frequency calibrator or simulator — Current simulators; Voltage simulators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • GFI circuit testers — Ground fault circuit interrupter GFCI testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Glue guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Goggles — Safety goggles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grease guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hacksaw — Hacksaws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand reamer — Reamers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand sprayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Handheld refractometers or polarimeters — Portable refractometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Handheld thermometer — Handheld thermometers; Water temperature gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hex keys — Allen wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoists See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hold down clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hole saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic pumps — Transfer pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Infrared imagers — Infrared thermography cameras and display units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Jacks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Label making machines — Labeling machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ladders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Leak testing equipment — Smoke testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels — Bubble levels; Laser levels; Precision levels; Water levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lifelines or lifeline equipment — Fall arrest lines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Liquid leak detectors — Refrigerant leak detectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lug crimping tool dies See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manual wire straighteners — Fin combs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Megohmmeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal band sawing machine — Bandsaws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Micrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Moisture meters — Micron gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Multimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Nut drivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ohmmeters — Volt-ohm meters VOM See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oil pumps — Refrigerant oil pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Open end wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oxygen gas analyzers — Oxygen testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Phasemeters — Phase rotation meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters; Tube cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Platform lift — Platform lifts; Staging equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plotter printers — Plotters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Portable data input terminals — Computer diagnostic devices; Dataloggers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Potentiometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills — Cordless drills; Electric drills; Hand drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power flaring tool — Flaring tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Reciprocating saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure indicators — Gas pressure gauges; Magnehelic gauges; Pressure simulators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure or steam cleaners — Power washers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pry bars — Crowbars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Psychrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pullers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts — Knockout punches; Punches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Razor knives — Scrapers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Refrigerant compressors — Charging cylinders; Charging manifolds See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Respirators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rulers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety glasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety harnesses or belts — Safety belts; Safety harnesses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sampling manifolds — Service manifold sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scaffolding See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scales — Scale rules See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanners — Image scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screw extractors — Screw extractor sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scribers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shackle — Shackles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Single gas monitors — Carbon dioxide CO2 testers; Carbon monoxide evaluators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Slings See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Socket sets — Socket wrench sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soldering iron — Soldering guns; Soldering irons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sound measuring apparatus or decibel meter — Decibel meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Specialty wrenches — Valve wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Squares See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Straight edges — Straightedges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stripping tools — Wire strippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Swaging tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tachometers — Strobe tachometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Telescoping boom lift — Telescoping boom trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Temperature calibrator or simulator — Temperature simulators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Temperature gauge — Temperature gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Temperature humidity testers — Humidity simulators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tension testers — Belt tension indicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermocouple probes — Thermocouple testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threading dies — Pipe dies; Pipe threaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threading taps — Tap sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tinners snips — Tin snips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Torque wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Two way radios See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultraviolet UV lamps — Black lights See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum cleaners — Industrial vacuums See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum gauges — Compound gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum pumps — Recovery and recycle units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vibration testers — Vibration analyis equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wattmeters — Watt transducers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welder torch — Brazing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Winches — Staging winches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire cutters See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Data base user interface and query software — Database software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Facilities management software — Facility energy management software; Johnson Controls Metasys See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Supervise employees. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut materials according to specifications or needs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Order materials, supplies, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Fabricate parts or components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Disassemble equipment to inspect for deficiencies. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Braze metal parts or components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test mechanical systems to ensure proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain repair or maintenance records. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpret blueprints, specifications, or diagrams to inform installation, development or operation activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repair pipes to stop leaking. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install machine or equipment replacement parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Connect electrical components or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect systems to determine if they are operating properly. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install insulation in equipment or structures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Lay out work according to specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Travel to work sites to perform installation, repair or maintenance work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install hardware or other interior fixtures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Schedule repair, installation or maintenance activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train others in operational procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install home appliances. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Contact With Others — 81% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 78% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 78% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 79% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 72% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 80% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 78% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 72% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 59% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 65% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 53% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 55% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 68% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 50% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 61% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to High Places — 53% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 46% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 60% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 47% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 70% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 67% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 65% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 46% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 46% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 34% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 55% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 45% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Under Cover — 34% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 30% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 35% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 32% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 43% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 37% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 38% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 36% responded “Limited responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 45% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 32% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 39% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 40% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 53% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
56   Post-secondary certificate Help
22   Some college, no degree
12   Associate's degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RCE

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Employment data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Industry data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.

Median wages (2014) $21.46 hourly, $44,630 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 268,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 123,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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