Summary Report for:
49-9045.00 - Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons
Build or repair equipment such as furnaces, kilns, cupolas, boilers, converters, ladles, soaking pits and ovens, using refractory materials.
Sample of reported job titles: Bricker, Cell Reliner, Cupola Repairer, Furnace Repairer, Hot Repairman, Ladle Liner, Ladle Repairman, Refractory Bricklayer, Refractory Technician, Refractory Worker
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings
- Reline or repair ladles and pouring spouts with refractory clay, using trowels.
- Chip slag from linings of ladles or remove linings when beyond repair, using hammers and chisels.
- Mix specified amounts of sand, clay, mortar powder, and water to form refractory clay or mortar, using shovels or mixing machines.
- Measure furnace walls to determine dimensions and cut required number of sheets from plastic block, using saws.
- Tighten locknuts holding refractory stopper assemblies together, spread mortar on jackets to seal sleeve joints, and dry mortar in ovens.
- Dry and bake new linings by placing inverted linings over burners, building fires in ladles, or by using blowtorches.
- Remove worn or damaged plastic block refractory linings of furnaces, using hand tools.
- Fasten stopper heads to rods with metal pins to assemble refractory stoppers used to plug pouring nozzles of steel ladles.
- Climb scaffolding, carrying hoses, and spray surfaces of cupolas with refractory mixtures, using spray equipment.
- Drill holes in furnace walls, bolt overlapping layers of plastic to walls, and hammer surfaces to compress layers into solid sheets.
- Spread mortar on stopper heads and rods, using trowels, and slide brick sleeves over rods to form refractory jackets.
- Dump and tamp clay in molds, using tamping tools.
- Disassemble molds, and cut, chip, and smooth clay structures such as floaters, drawbars, and L-blocks.
- Transfer clay structures to curing ovens, melting tanks, and drawing kilns, using forklifts.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Backhoes — Trackhoes
- Belt conveyors — Conveyor belts
- Blow torch — Cutting torches
- Cold chisels — Flat cold chisels
- Concrete transport truck — Mixer trucks
- Conventional truck cranes — Boom trucks; Lift trucks
- Conveyor idlers — Return idlers
- Dump trucks
- Forklifts — Wheeled forklifts
- Foundry ladles — Foundry transfer ladles
- Front end loaders — Wheeled front-end loaders
- Furnace control console — Burner management systems
- Furnaces — Feed fired heaters; Rotary kilns
- Helical blade mixer — Horizontal helical blade mixers
- Jib crane — Floor-mounted jib cranes
- Laboratory crushers or pulverizers — Puck mills
- Metal band sawing machine — Band saws
- Mortar pump — Variable speed mortar pumps
- Overhead crane — Electric overhead traveling EOT crane
- Personal computers
- Power grinders — Cordless power grinders; Rotary tools
- Power nibbler — Cordless power nibblers
- Power saws — Brick cutting saws; Cordless saws
- Rangefinders — Trough finders
- Shears — Heavy duty shears
- Skid steer loaders — Skid steer tractors
- Stonemason hammer — Brick hammers
- Trowels — Masonry trowels
- Wet scrubbers — Acid scrubbers
Technology used in this occupation:
- Data base user interface and query software — Microsoft Access
- Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
- Facilities management software — Maintenance management software
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Time accounting software — Time tracking software
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
Detailed Work Activities
- Cut materials according to specifications or needs.
- Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
- Clean equipment, parts, or tools to repair or maintain them in good working order.
- Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Fabricate parts or components.
- Adjust the tension of nuts or bolts.
- Climb equipment or structures to access work areas.
- Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
- Seal gaps or cracks to prevent leakage or moisture intrusion.
- Assemble mechanical components or machine parts.
- Smooth surfaces of objects or equipment.
- Measure distances or dimensions.
- Install hardware or other interior fixtures.
- Move large objects using heavy equipment.
- Bolt objects into place.
- Prepare compounds or solutions to be used for repairs.
- Repair structural components.
- Exposed to Contaminants — 100% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 100% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 96% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 96% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 95% responded “Every day.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 75% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 78% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 58% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — 69% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 17% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 64% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 85% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 62% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 48% responded “More than half the time.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 27% responded “High responsibility.”
- Contact With Others
- Physical Proximity — 52% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 34% responded “Extremely important.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 43% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Exposed to High Places — 56% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 32% responded “More than half the time.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 54% responded “Some freedom.”
- In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 38% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 40% responded “Very important.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 62% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 23% responded “Very important results.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 37% responded “Every day.”
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 35% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — 31% responded “Every day.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 49% responded “Extremely important.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 20% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 33% responded “Important.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 46% responded “Important.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 26% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|75||High school diploma or equivalent|
|7||Some college, no degree|
Interest code: RCI
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$21.59 hourly, $44,910 annual|
|Employment (2012)||2,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Little or no change (-2% to 2%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||600|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.