Summary Report for:
51-7011.00 - Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters
Cut, shape, and assemble wooden articles or set up and operate a variety of woodworking machines, such as power saws, jointers, and mortisers to surface, cut, or shape lumber or to fabricate parts for wood products.
Sample of reported job titles: Cabinet Assembler, Cabinet Builder, Cabinet Installer, Cabinetmaker, Cutter, Double End Tenon Operator, Frame Builder, Framer, Machine Operator, Woodworker
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Produce or assemble components of articles, such as store fixtures, office equipment, cabinets, or high-grade furniture.
- Verify dimensions or check the quality or fit of pieces to ensure adherence to specifications.
- Set up or operate machines, including power saws, jointers, mortisers, tenoners, molders, or shapers, to cut, mold, or shape woodstock or wood substitutes.
- Measure and mark dimensions of parts on paper or lumber stock prior to cutting, following blueprints, to ensure a tight fit and quality product.
- Reinforce joints with nails or other fasteners to prepare articles for finishing.
- Attach parts or subassemblies together to form completed units, using glue, dowels, nails, screws, or clamps.
- Establish the specifications of articles to be constructed or repaired or plan the methods or operations for shaping or assembling parts, based on blueprints, drawings, diagrams, or oral or written instructions.
- Cut timber to the right size and shape and trim parts of joints to ensure a snug fit, using hand tools, such as planes, chisels, or wood files.
- Match materials for color, grain, or texture, giving attention to knots or other features of the wood.
- Trim, sand, or scrape surfaces or joints to prepare articles for finishing.
- Bore holes for insertion of screws or dowels, by hand or using boring machines.
- Program computers to operate machinery.
- Estimate the amounts, types, or costs of needed materials.
- Perform final touch-ups with sandpaper or steel wool.
- Install hardware, such as hinges, handles, catches, or drawer pulls, using hand tools.
- Discuss projects with customers, and draw up detailed specifications.
- Repair or alter wooden furniture, cabinetry, fixtures, paneling, or other pieces.
- Apply Masonite, formica, or vinyl surfacing materials.
- Design furniture, using computer-aided drawing programs.
- Dip, brush, or spray assembled articles with protective or decorative finishes, such as stain, varnish, paint, or lacquer.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable hand wrenches
- Augers — Hand augers
- Automatic lathe or chucking machine — Wood lathes
- Banders — Edge banders
- Bandsaw wheel — Bandsaws
- Bastard cut file — Bastard flat files
- Belt sander — Belt sanders
- Bench dog — Bench dogs
- Bench vises
- Bevels — T-bevels
- Biscuit jointers — Biscuit joiners; Biscuit joining machines; Plate jointers
- Blade sharpener — Tool sharpeners
- Boring machines — Line borers; Minipresses
- C clamps — Locking C-clamps
- Calipers — Dial calipers; Slide calipers
- Cheesegrater file — Wood files
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Cold press — Cold presses; Hot presses
- Compasses — Angle dividers; Dividers; Drafting compasses; Trammel points
- Cutting machines — Tenoners
- Drill press or radial drill — Radial drills
- Drilling machines — Drill presses; Single spindle drill presses
- Ear plugs — Protective ear plugs
- Goggles — Safety goggles
- Grinding machines — Profile grinders
- Grinding wheels — Water wheels
- Hand clamps — Bar clamps; Cam clamps; Quick-release clamps; Wedge clamps (see all 6 examples)
- Hand or push drill — Braces and bits
- Hold down clamps — Band clamps; Edging clamps; Parallel jaw clamps; Spring clamps
- Levels — Precision levels
- Locking pliers
- Metal markers or holders — Marking gauges
- Micrometers — Digital micrometers
- Mill saw file — Mill files
- Milling machines — Computerized numerical control CNC machining centers; Computerized numerical control CNC routers
- Miter saw — Chop saws
- Moisture meters
- Paint application system — Lacquer booths
- Paint brushes — Paint application brushes
- Paint rollers — Paint application rollers
- Paint sprayers — Paint spray guns
- Personal computers
- Planes — Block planes; Jointer planes; Shapers; Smooth planes (see all 9 examples)
- Plumb bobs
- Pneumatic nail drivers — Pneumatic nail guns
- Positioning jig — Adjustable jigs; Case clamps
- Power drills
- Power grinders — Bench grinders
- Power nail guns — Nail guns; Pin nailers
- Power planes — Jointers; Power planers; Thickness planers
- Power routers — Panel routers; Plunge routers; Portable routers; Table routers (see all 6 examples)
- Power sanders — Disk sanders; Random orbital sanders
- Power saws — Circular saws; Reciprocating saws; Rip saws; Sliding panel saws (see all 11 examples)
- Power screwguns
- Power trimmers — Profile molders
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Metal punches
- Putty knives — Heated putty knives
- Razor knives — Scrapers
- Rulers — Steel rules
- Safety glasses
- Sanding blocks — Hand sanding blocks
- Sanding machines — Edge sanders; Wide belt sanders
- Sawing machines — Miter saws
- Saws — Back saws; Dovetail saws; Tenon saws; Veneer saws (see all 5 examples)
- Screwdrivers — Phillips head screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers
- Scribers — Marking knives
- Scroll saw — Scroll saws
- Shears — Metal shears
- Squares — Combination squares; Layout squares; Machinists' squares; Set squares
- Staple guns — Pneumatic staplers
- T squares — T-squares
- Tape measures — Measuring tapes
- Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe — Bowl lathes; Mini lathes
- Utility knives — Burn-in knives; Draw knives
- Viscosimeters — Viscosity cups
- Wood chisels — Morticers; Parting tools; Roughing gouges; Skew chisels (see all 8 examples)
Technology used in this occupation:
- Computer aided design CAD software
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software
- Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
- Facilities management software — Computerized maintenance management system CMMS software
- Project management software — Computer estimation software
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
- Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
- Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
Detailed Work Activities
- Read work orders or other instructions to determine product specifications or materials requirements.
- Trim excess material from workpieces.
- Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications.
- Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.
- Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences.
- Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products.
- Measure materials to mark reference points, cutting lines, or other indicators.
- Estimate costs of products, services, or materials.
- Assemble wood products.
- Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
- Program equipment to perform production tasks.
- Operate woodworking equipment.
- Attach decorative or functional accessories to products.
- Shape surfaces or edges of wood workpieces.
- Compare physical characteristics of materials or products to specifications or standards.
- Estimate material requirements for production.
- Confer with customers or designers to determine order specifications.
- Repair furniture or upholstery.
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 93% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 86% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 83% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 88% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 80% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 90% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 61% responded “Extremely important.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 69% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 30% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work
- Work With Work Group or Team — 32% responded “Extremely important.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 43% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 37% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 36% responded “Very important.”
- Time Pressure — 33% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 35% responded “Important.”
- Contact With Others — 36% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 32% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Physical Proximity — 35% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 47% responded “About half the time.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 29% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 38% responded “Important.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 39% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 21% responded “Moderate results.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 75% responded “40 hours.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|Not available||Some college, no degree|
|Not available||High school diploma or equivalent|
|Not available||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$15.18 hourly, $31,580 annual|
|Employment (2012)||86,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Slower than average (3% to 7%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||10,400|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Woodworkers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.