Summary Report for:
51-9122.00 - Painters, Transportation Equipment
Operate or tend painting machines to paint surfaces of transportation equipment, such as automobiles, buses, trucks, trains, boats, and airplanes. Includes painters in auto body repair facilities.
Sample of reported job titles: Auto Painter (Automobile Painter), Auto Refinisher (Automobile Refinisher), Automotive Paint Technician (Auto Paint Technician), Automotive Painter, Automotive Refinish Technician, Body Technician/Painter, Finish Painter, Paint Prepper, Paint Technician, Top Coater
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Mix paints to match color specifications or vehicles' original colors, stirring or thinning paints, using spatulas or power mixing equipment.
- Select paint according to company requirements and match paint colors, following specified color charts.
- Dispose of hazardous waste in an appropriate manner.
- Remove grease, dirt, paint, or rust from vehicle surfaces in preparation for paint application, using abrasives, solvents, brushes, blowtorches, washing tanks, or sandblasters.
- Spray prepared surfaces with specified amounts of primers and decorative or finish coatings.
- Pour paint into spray guns and adjust nozzles and paint mixes for proper paint flow and coating thickness.
- Monitor painting operations to identify flaws, such as blisters or streaks, and correct their causes.
- Remove accessories, such as chrome or mirrors, from vehicles and mask other surfaces with tape or paper to protect them from paint.
- Disassemble, clean, and reassemble sprayers or power equipment, using solvents, wire brushes, and cloths.
- Select the correct spray gun system for the material being applied.
- Fill small dents or scratches with body fillers and smooth surfaces to prepare vehicles for painting.
- Apply rust-resistant undercoats and caulk and seal seams.
- Sand and apply sealer to properly dried vehicle finish.
- Sand vehicle surfaces between coats of paint or primer to remove flaws and enhance adhesion for subsequent coats.
- Buff and wax the finished paintwork.
- Clean equipment and work areas.
- Apply primer over any repairs made to vehicle surfaces.
- Adjust controls on infrared ovens, heat lamps, portable ventilators, or exhaust units to speed the drying of vehicles between coats.
- Allow the sprayed product to dry and touch up any missed spots.
- Operate lifting or moving devices to move equipment or materials to access areas to be painted.
- Set up portable equipment, such as ventilators, exhaust units, ladders, or scaffolding.
- Use brush to hand-paint areas in need of retouching or unreachable with a spray gun.
- Apply designs, lettering, or other identifying or decorative items to finished products, using paint brushes or paint sprayers.
- Lay out logos, symbols, or designs on painted surfaces, according to blueprint specifications, using measuring instruments, stencils, or patterns.
- Verify paint consistency, using a viscosity meter.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable hand wrenches
- Air compressors
- Air exhausters — Exhaust units
- Blow torch — Blow torches
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Desktop computers
- Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Oxyacetylene welding equipment
- Goggles — Safety goggles
- Heat guns — Hot air guns
- Hoists — Hoisting equipment
- Infrared lamps — Infrared drying lamps
- Jacks — Hydraulic jacks
- Ladders — Step ladders
- Mainframe console or dumb terminals — Computer terminals
- Manlift or personnel lift — Manlift buckets
- Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welding equipment
- Paint application system — Paint booths
- Paint brushes — Paint application brushes
- Paint mixers — Power paint mixers
- Paint robots — Robotic paint equipment
- Paint rollers — Paint application rollers
- Paint sprayers — Paint sprayguns
- Pallet trucks — Pallet jacks
- Plasma arc welding machine — Plasma cutters
- Pneumatic sanding machines — Sandblasters
- Power buffers — Portable buffers
- Power drills
- Power riveter — Rivet guns
- Power sanders
- Protective gloves — Safety gloves
- Respirators — Respiratory protection equipment
- Safety glasses
- Screwdrivers — Straight screwdrivers
- Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools
- Stencils or lettering aids — Paint stencils
- Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
- Viscosimeters — Viscosity meters
- Wire brushes
Technology used in this occupation:
- Calendar and scheduling software — Scheduling software
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software
- Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
- Facilities management software — Maintenance management software
- Industrial control software — Robotic painting software
- Inventory management software — Inventory control software
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
Detailed Work Activities
- Select production equipment according to product specifications.
- Mix ingredients to create specific finishes.
- Select production input materials.
- Dispose of trash or waste materials.
- Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
- Monitor equipment operation to ensure that products are not flawed.
- Trim excess material from workpieces.
- Smooth metal surfaces or edges.
- Polish materials, workpieces, or finished products.
- Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products.
- Adjust temperature controls of ovens or other heating equipment.
- Adjust equipment controls to regulate flow of production materials or products.
- Load materials into production equipment.
- Operate painting or coating equipment.
- Test chemical or physical characteristics of materials or products.
- Remove accessories, tools, or other parts from equipment.
- Clean production equipment.
- Clean work areas.
- Disassemble equipment for maintenance or repair.
- Fill cracks, imperfections, or holes in products or workpieces.
- Assemble temporary equipment or structures.
- Attach decorative or functional accessories to products.
- Shape surfaces or edges of wood workpieces.
- Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references.
- Exposed to Contaminants — 99% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 98% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 93% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Standing — 84% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets
- Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 81% responded “Extremely important.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 74% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 57% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Time Pressure
- Frequency of Decision Making — 67% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 64% responded “Very important results.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 54% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 56% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 22% responded “Some freedom.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 15% responded “High responsibility.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 25% responded “Some freedom.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 32% responded “Extremely important.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 63% responded “Every day.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 19% responded “Every day.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 23% responded “Never.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 22% responded “Never.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 39% responded “About half the time.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 29% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Level of Competition — 13% responded “Extremely competitive.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 20% responded “Important.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 20% responded “High responsibility.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|Not available||Post-secondary certificate|
|Not available||High school diploma or equivalent|
|Not available||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$19.60 hourly, $40,770 annual|
|Employment (2012)||49,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Average (8% to 14%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||14,000|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Painting and Coating Workers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.