Summary Report for:
51-9195.03 - Stone Cutters and Carvers, Manufacturing
Cut or carve stone according to diagrams and patterns.
Sample of reported job titles: Carver, Cutter, Fabricator, Granite Cutter, Polisher, Sandblast Carver, Sandblaster, Stone Carver, Stone Cutter, Stone Fabricator
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings
- Carve designs or figures in full or bas relief on stone, employing knowledge of stone carving techniques and sense of artistry to produce carvings consistent with designers' plans.
- Verify depths and dimensions of cuts or carvings to ensure adherence to specifications, blueprints, or models, using measuring instruments.
- Lay out designs or dimensions from sketches or blueprints on stone surfaces, by freehand or by transferring them from tracing paper, using scribes or chalk and measuring instruments.
- Study artistic objects or graphic materials, such as models, sketches, or blueprints, to plan carving or cutting techniques.
- Drill holes and cut or carve moldings and grooves in stone, according to diagrams and patterns.
- Shape, trim, or touch up roughed-out designs with appropriate tools to finish carvings.
- Select chisels, pneumatic or surfacing tools, or sandblasting nozzles and determine sequence of use.
- Move fingers over surfaces of carvings to ensure smoothness of finish.
- Carve rough designs freehand or by chipping along marks on stone, using mallets and chisels or pneumatic tools.
- Guide nozzles over stone, following stencil outlines, or chip along marks to create designs or to work surfaces down to specified finishes.
- Cut, shape, and finish rough blocks of building or monumental stone, according to diagrams or patterns.
- Smooth surfaces of carvings, using rubbing stones.
- Remove or add stencils during blasting to create differing cut depths, intricate designs, or rough, pitted finishes.
- Copy drawings on rough clay or plaster models.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Abrasive stones — Rubbing stones
- Air compressors
- Blow torch — Blow torches
- Calipers — Dial calipers
- Cold chisels — Cup chisels; Flat chisels; Frosting chisels; Point chisels (see all 7 examples)
- Compasses — Layout compasses
- Cross cut chisels — Criss-cross chisels
- Cutting machines — Computerized numerical control CNC water jet cutters
- Desktop computers
- Ear muffs — Protective ear muffs
- Flat taper file — Vixen files
- Grinding or polishing machines — Polishing machines
- Hammers — Bush hammers; Lump hammers
- Levels — Precision levels
- Mainframe console or dumb terminals — Computer terminals
- Milling machines — Computerized numerical control CNC routers
- Pneumatic hammer — Pneumatic chisels; Pneumatic hammers
- Pneumatic sanding machines — Sandblasters
- Power buffers
- Power drills — Hammer drills
- Power grinders
- Power routers — Variable speed routers
- Power sanders
- Power saws
- Precision file — Precision files
- Protective gloves — Safety gloves
- Respirators — Protective respirators
- Rock cutters — Granite saws; Stone saws
- Rulers — Precision rulers
- Safety glasses
- Squares — Combination squares
- Stencils or lettering aids — Design stencils
- Straight edges — Straightedges
Technology used in this occupation:
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
Detailed Work Activities
- Select production equipment according to product specifications.
- Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications.
- Trim excess material from workpieces.
- Polish materials, workpieces, or finished products.
- Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.
- Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences.
- Load materials into production equipment.
- Remove accessories, tools, or other parts from equipment.
- Engrave designs, text, or other markings onto materials, workpieces, or products.
- Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references.
- Inspect finishes of workpieces or finished products.
- Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
- Attach decorative or functional accessories to products.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 92% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 88% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 84% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 88% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 76% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 72% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 76% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 64% responded “Extremely important.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 52% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 40% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 36% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Consequence of Error — 36% responded “Very serious.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 40% responded “Limited freedom.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 32% responded “Important results.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 28% responded “High responsibility.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 32% responded “More than half the time.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 36% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 76% responded “40 hours.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 32% responded “Important.”
- Contact With Others — 40% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
- Level of Competition — 48% responded “Highly competitive.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 32% responded “Limited freedom.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 28% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — 36% responded “Every day.”
- Physical Proximity — 52% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|72||High school diploma or equivalent|
|16||Less than high school diploma|
|8||Some college, no degree|
Interest code: RA
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic.
Employment data collected from Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic.
Industry data collected from Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic.
|Median wages (2014)||$14.34 hourly, $29,820 annual|
|Employment (2012)||42,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Average (8% to 14%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||17,000|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.