- Count numbers of chromosomes and identify the structural abnormalities by viewing culture slides through microscopes, light microscopes, or photomicroscopes.
- Analyze chromosomes found in biological specimens to aid diagnoses and treatments for genetic diseases such as congenital birth defects, fertility problems, and hematological disorders.
- Examine chromosomes found in biological specimens to detect abnormalities.
- Recognize and report abnormalities in the color, size, shape, composition, or pattern of cells.
- Input details of specimen processing, analysis, and technical issues into logs or laboratory information systems (LIS).
- Apply prepared specimen and control to appropriate grid, run instrumentation, and produce analyzable results.
- Input details of specimens into logs or computer systems.
||Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists
- Conduct chemical analysis of body fluids, including blood, urine, or spinal fluid, to determine presence of normal or abnormal components.
- Operate, calibrate, or maintain equipment used in quantitative or qualitative analysis, such as spectrophotometers, calorimeters, flame photometers, or computer-controlled analyzers.
- Collect and study blood samples to determine the number of cells, their morphology, or their blood group, blood type, or compatibility for transfusion purposes, using microscopic techniques.
- Enter data from analysis of medical tests or clinical results into computer for storage.
- Analyze samples of biological material for chemical content or reaction.
- Cultivate, isolate, or assist in identifying microbial organisms or perform various tests on these microorganisms.
- Examine cell samples to detect abnormalities in the color, shape, or size of cellular components and patterns.
- Prepare and analyze samples, such as Papanicolaou (PAP) smear body fluids and fine needle aspirations (FNAs), to detect abnormal conditions.
- Examine specimens to detect abnormal hormone conditions.
- Perform karyotyping or organizing of chromosomes according to standardized ideograms.
||Histotechnologists and Histologic Technicians
- Operate computerized laboratory equipment to dehydrate, decalcify, or microincinerate tissue samples.
- Identify tissue structures or cell components to be used in the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of diseases.
- Perform electron microscopy or mass spectrometry to analyze specimens.
- Examine microscopic samples to identify diseases or other abnormalities.
- Diagnose diseases or study medical conditions using techniques such as gross pathology, histology, cytology, cytopathology, clinical chemistry, immunology, flow cytometry, or molecular biology.
- Conduct genetic analyses of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or chromosomes to diagnose small biopsies and cell samples.