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Details Report for:
17-3029.08 - Photonics Technicians

Build, install, test, or maintain optical or fiber optic equipment, such as lasers, lenses, or mirrors, using spectrometers, interferometers, or related equipment.

Sample of reported job titles: Coating Manager, Engineering Technician (Engineering Tech), Engineering Technologist, Fiber Optics Technician, Laser Technician, Lead Technician, Optomechanical Technician, Photonic Laboratory Technician (Photonic Lab Tech), Photonics Technician, Ruling Technician

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
85   Core Maintain clean working environments, according to clean room standards.
84   Core Compute or record photonic test data.
81   Core Adjust or maintain equipment, such as lasers, laser systems, microscopes, oscilloscopes, pulse generators, power meters, beam analyzers, or energy measurement devices.
80   Core Set up or operate assembly or processing equipment, such as lasers, cameras, die bonders, wire bonders, dispensers, reflow ovens, soldering irons, die shears, wire pull testers, temperature or humidity chambers, or optical spectrum analyzers.
78   Core Document procedures, such as calibration of optical or fiber optic equipment.
71   Core Perform diagnostic analyses of processing steps, using analytical or metrological tools, such as microscopy, profilometry, or ellipsometry devices.
70   Core Assist engineers in the development of new products, fixtures, tools, or processes.
69   Core Mix, pour, or use processing chemicals or gases according to safety standards or established operating procedures.
69   Core Assist scientists or engineers in the conduct of photonic experiments.
68   Core Assemble fiber optical, optoelectronic, or free-space optics components, subcomponents, assemblies, or subassemblies.
66   Core Set up or operate prototype or test apparatus, such as control consoles, collimators, recording equipment, or cables.
63   Core Test or perform failure analysis for optomechanical or optoelectrical products, according to test plans.
62   Core Assemble or adjust parts or related electrical units of prototypes to prepare for testing.
58   Core Recommend optical or optic equipment design or material changes to reduce costs or processing times.
56   Core Monitor inventory levels and order supplies as necessary.
73   Supplemental Repair or calibrate products, such as surgical lasers.
64   Supplemental Monitor mechanical factors, such as turbine load or strain information. Green Task Statement
64   Supplemental Terminate, cure, polish, or test fiber cables with mechanical connectors.
64   Supplemental Design, build, or modify fixtures used to assemble parts.
60   Supplemental Splice fibers, using fusion splicing or other techniques.
57   Supplemental Optimize photonic process parameters by making prototype or production devices.
57   Supplemental Build prototype optomechanical devices for use in equipment such as aerial cameras, gun sights, or telescopes.
53   Supplemental Assemble components of energy-efficient optical communications systems involving photonic switches, optical backplanes, or optoelectronic interfaces. Green Task Statement
50   Supplemental Lay out cutting lines for machining, using drafting tools.
46   Supplemental Perform laser seam welding, heat treatment, or hard facing operations.
46   Supplemental Fabricate devices, such as optoelectronic or semiconductor devices.
39   Supplemental Build photonics tools to be applied to electrical grids to detect hot spots, such as failing insulators or conductors. Green Task Statement
31   Supplemental Assemble devices or equipment to be used in green technology applications, including solar energy, high efficiency solid state lighting, energy management, smart buildings, or green processes. Green Task Statement
25   Supplemental Develop solar power sources for lasers used in fiber optics. Green Task Statement
  Supplemental Fabricate sensors to be used to control wind turbines. Green Task Statement

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Integrated circuit testers — Digital logic analyzers; Digital logic probes; Logic pulsers
Interferometers — Optical spectrum analyzers; Shearing interferometers; Twyman-Green interferometers; Wavelength meters (see all 9 examples)
Laser cutting machine — Laser cutting machines; Laser drills
Lasers — Diode lasers; Excimer lasers; Liquid dye lasers; Solid state lasers (see all 6 examples)
Oscilloscopes — Analog oscilloscopes; Digital oscilloscopes
Polishing machines — Fiber polishers
Positioning jig — Micropositioners; Positioning stages
Power meters — Optical power meters; Photoelectric power meters
Power saws — Cutoff saws; Die saws; Die shears; Wire saws
Refrigerated and heated reach in environmental or growth chambers — Humidity chambers; Temperature chambers
Semiconductor process systems — Chemical vapor deposition CVD systems; Electron cyclotron resonance ECR reactive ion etchers RIE; Plasma strippers; Sputter deposition systems (see all 9 examples)
Surface testers — Contact profilometers; Non contact profilometers

Technology used in this occupation:

Analytical or scientific software — Data acquisition software; Statistical analysis software; The MathWorks MATLAB
Computer aided design CAD software — ZEMAX Optical Design Program
Computer aided manufacturing CAM software
Data base user interface and query software — Database software
Graphics or photo imaging software — Image processing software
Internet browser software
Presentation software
Word processing software

See all 75 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
73   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
70   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
66   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
64   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
61   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
61   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
57   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
46   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
44   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
44   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
42   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
41   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
39   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
32   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
30   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
29   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
29   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
28   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
20   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
19   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
18   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
15   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
14   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
11   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
66   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
63   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
60   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
60   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
56   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
56   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
56   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
56   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
56   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
56   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
53   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
53   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
53   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
50   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
50   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
50   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
47   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
47   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
44   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
44   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
44   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
44   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
41   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
41   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
38   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
38   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
38   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
38   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
35   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
35   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
31   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
31   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
25   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
25   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
25   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
66   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
63   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
63   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
63   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
63   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
63   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
63   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
60   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
56   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
56   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
56   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
56   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
56   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
53   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
53   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
53   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
50   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
50   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
47   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
47   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
47   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
47   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
47   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
44   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
44   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
44   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
44   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
41   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
41   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
41   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
41   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
38   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
38   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
35   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
35   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
35   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
35   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
35   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
25   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
  Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
 Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
 Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
 Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
80   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
78   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
77   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Monitor the productivity or efficiency of industrial operations.
74   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
73   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Document design or operational test results.
  • Prepare procedural documents.
70   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Assist engineers or scientists with research.
70   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Test performance of electrical, electronic, mechanical, or integrated systems or equipment.
68   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate industrial equipment.
68   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
67   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
65   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
64   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Analyze operational data to evaluate operations, processes or products.
  • Analyze test or validation data.
  • Conduct quantitative failure analyses of operational data.
61   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Create physical models or prototypes.
  • Create schematic drawings for electronics.
  • Design alternative energy systems.
  • Design electronic or computer equipment or instrumentation.
60   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Maintain electronic equipment.
58   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
58   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
55   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
55   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
54   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
54   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
53   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
53   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Assemble equipment or components.
  • Assemble precision electronics or optical equipment.
  • Calibrate scientific or technical equipment.
  • Fabricate devices or components.
  • Install instrumentation or electronic equipment or systems.
  • Prepare materials for processing.
53   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
52   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
46   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
44   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
  • Purchase materials, equipment, or other resources.
43   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
43   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
  • Develop technical methods or processes.
43   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Recommend technical design or process changes to improve efficiency, quality, or performance.
42   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
42   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
38   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
38   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
37   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
35   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
35   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Maintain clean work areas.
28   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
27   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
21   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
20   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
  Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
93   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
88   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
87   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
86   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
84   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
80   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
74   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
71   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
70   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
70   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
68   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
66   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
65   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
64   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
64   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
61   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
56   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
55   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
54   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
54   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
53   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
52   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
49   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
49   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
48   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
47   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
46   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
44   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
42   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
41   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
41   Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
39   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
37   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
35   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
35   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
35   Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
32   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
30   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
30   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
27   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
27   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
24   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
23   Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
22   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
22   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
22   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
22   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
19   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
18   Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
16   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
14   Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
13   Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
  Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
  In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
  Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
  Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
  Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, interviewers, and insurance sales agents.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
32   Associate's degree
16   Some college, no degree
12   High school diploma or equivalent Help

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
72   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
50   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
22   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
  Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
89   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
81   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
75   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
72   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
71   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
71   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
71   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
70   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
70   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
66   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
64   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
62   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
60   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
52   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
47   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
38   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
61   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
61   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
56   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
56   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
56   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
56   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other.
Employment data collected from Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other.
Industry data collected from Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other.

Median wages (2013) $29.12 hourly, $60,560 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 68,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Little or no change (-2% to 2%) Little or no change (-2% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 14,600
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Government (33% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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