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Details Report for:
23-1021.00 - Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers

Conduct hearings to recommend or make decisions on claims concerning government programs or other government-related matters. Determine liability, sanctions, or penalties, or recommend the acceptance or rejection of claims or settlements.

Sample of reported job titles: Administrative Law Judge, Administrative Hearing Officer, Administrative Judge, Hearing Officer, Adjudicator, Claims Adjudicator, Appeals Examiner, Appeals Referee, Judge, Workers' Compensation Hearings Officer

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
98   Core Prepare written opinions and decisions.
94   Core Monitor and direct the activities of trials and hearings to ensure that they are conducted fairly and that courts administer justice while safeguarding the legal rights of all involved parties.
91   Core Determine existence and amount of liability according to current laws, administrative and judicial precedents, and available evidence.
89   Core Research and analyze laws, regulations, policies, and precedent decisions to prepare for hearings and to determine conclusions.
89   Core Conduct hearings to review and decide claims regarding issues such as social program eligibility, environmental protection, and enforcement of health and safety regulations.
88   Core Review and evaluate data on documents, such as claim applications, birth or death certificates, and physician or employer records.
86   Core Recommend the acceptance or rejection of claims or compromise settlements according to laws, regulations, policies, and precedent decisions.
85   Core Rule on exceptions, motions, and admissibility of evidence.
75   Core Confer with individuals or organizations involved in cases to obtain relevant information.
74   Core Issue subpoenas and administer oaths in preparation for formal hearings.
69   Core Explain to claimants how they can appeal rulings that go against them.
69   Supplemental Authorize payment of valid claims and determine method of payment.
69   Supplemental Conduct studies of appeals procedures in field agencies to ensure adherence to legal requirements and to facilitate determination of cases.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Desktop computers
Digital video disk players or recorders — Digital video players
Digital voice recorders — Digital audio recorders
Gavels or sounding blocks — Gavels
Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines
Laser printers — Computer laser printers
Microphones — Courtroom microphones
Notebook computers — Laptop computers
Personal computers
Special purpose telephones — Multiline telephone systems
Teleconference equipment — Teleconferencing equipment
Videoconferencing systems — Videoconferencing equipment

Technology used in this occupation:

Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat
Electronic mail software — Email software
Information retrieval or search software — LexisNexis software; Online databases; Thomson Reuters WestLaw
Instant messaging software
Internet browser software — Web browser software
Legal management software — Courtroom scheduling software
Video conferencing software — Videoconferencing software
Word processing software

See all 21 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
91   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
83   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
57   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
53   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
53   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
50   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
49   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
46   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
42   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
42   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
37   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
36   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
34   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
32   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
31   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
28   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
28   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
25   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
20   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
18   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
18   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
17   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
14   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
12   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
10   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
10   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
10   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
10   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
  Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
  Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
85   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
81   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
78   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
78   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
78   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
78   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
75   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
66   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
66   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
63   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
60   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
53   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
50   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
47   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
47   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
47   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
47   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
44   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
41   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
41   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
35   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
28   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
19   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
16   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
16   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
13   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
13   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
13   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
  Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
 Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
85   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
78   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
78   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
78   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
78   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
78   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
72   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
72   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
69   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
69   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
66   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
60   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
53   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
47   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
44   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
44   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
44   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
44   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
41   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
41   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
38   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
35   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
35   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
35   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
31   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
25   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
19   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
19   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
13   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
13   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
13   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
10   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
10   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
  Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
  Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
  Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
  Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
  Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
  Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
  Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
 Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
 Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
97   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Conduct hearings to investigate legal issues.
  • Evaluate information related to legal matters in public or personal records.
  • Interview claimants to get information related to legal proceedings.
  • Research relevant legal materials to aid decision making.
94   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
93   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Authorize payments to settle legal disputes.
  • Make decisions in legal cases.
  • Rule on admissibility of legal proceedings.
92   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Identify implications for cases from legal precedents or other legal information.
82   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
81   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
81   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
79   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
78   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
77   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
74   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
72   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
72   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Prepare legal documents.
  • Prepare written decisions for legal proceedings.
72   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
71   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
71   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
71   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
70   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
58   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
  • Administer oaths to court participants.
58   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
54   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
51   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
45   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Provide legal advice to clients.
43   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Direct courtroom activities or procedures.
41   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
41   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
41   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
40   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
39   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
39   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
37   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
27   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
23   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
18   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
16   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
13   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
11   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
  Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
  Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


98     Every day
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


88     Very important results
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


88     Extremely important
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


89     Every day
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


81     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


84     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


73     A lot of freedom
24     Some freedom
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


71     Constant contact with others
17     Contact with others most of the time
11     Contact with others about half the time
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


60     Continually or almost continually
40     More than half the time
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


68     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


64     Every day
24     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


77     Extremely important
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


72     Every day
15     Once a month or more but not every week
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


49     Every day
38     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


41     Every day
40     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


56     A lot of freedom
18     Some freedom
12     Limited freedom
12     Very little freedom
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


58     More than 40 hours
41     40 hours
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


54     Extremely important
18     Very important
14     Important
12     Not important at all
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


42     Continually or almost continually
26     More than half the time
18     About half the time
15     Less than half the time
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


51     Extremely important
25     Very important
16     Not important at all
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


44     Extremely important
24     Very important
11     Fairly important
13     Not important at all
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


34     Very high responsibility
12     High responsibility
20     Moderate responsibility
26     Limited responsibility
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


42     Moderately close (at arm's length)
17     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
30     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


32     Extremely serious
15     Very serious
12     Serious
24     Fairly serious
17     Not serious at all
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


12     Extremely competitive
33     Moderately competitive
26     Not at all competitive
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


34     Once a week or more but not every day
34     Once a month or more but not every week
16     Once a year or more but not every month
12     Never
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


25     Continually or almost continually
24     Less than half the time
24     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


32     Every day
39     Once a year or more but not every month
20     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


24     Once a week or more but not every day
31     Once a month or more but not every week
18     Once a year or more but not every month
27     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


30     Every day
57     Never
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


14     Very high responsibility
24     Moderate responsibility
38     Limited responsibility
23     No responsibility
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


15     Highly automated
29     Moderately automated
36     Slightly automated
20     Not at all automated
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


13     Every day
34     Once a year or more but not every month
52     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


12     Once a month or more but not every week
24     Once a year or more but not every month
53     Never
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


74     Less than half the time
26     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


20     Once a month or more but not every week
68     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


67     Less than half the time
32     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


33     Once a year or more but not every month
56     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


80     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


90     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


13     Important
85     Not important at all
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


33     Less than half the time
67     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


21     Once a year or more but not every month
77     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


90     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


16     Once a year or more but not every month
84     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


90     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


98     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


100     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


100     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


100     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


100     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


100     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


100     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


100     Never
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


100     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
32   Doctoral degree
20   Bachelor's degree
11   Professional degree Help

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Credentials

Find Training Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
95   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
67   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
50   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
39   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
33   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
 Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
97   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
93   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
89   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
88   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
85   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
85   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
79   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
77   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
77   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
76   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
75   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
75   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
74   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
70   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
64   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
61   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
78   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
75   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
72   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
61   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
56   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

13-1031.01 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance
13-1041.03 Equal Opportunity Representatives and Officers
13-2099.04 Fraud Examiners, Investigators and Analysts Bright Outlook
21-1092.00 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
23-1011.00 Lawyers   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
23-1012.00 Judicial Law Clerks
23-1023.00 Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates
25-1111.00 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary
25-1112.00 Law Teachers, Postsecondary
27-3021.00 Broadcast News Analysts

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $41.92 hourly, $87,190 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 15,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 2,400
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Government (100% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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