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Details Report for:
49-9021.01 - Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers

Install, service, or repair heating and air conditioning systems in residences or commercial establishments.

Sample of reported job titles: A/C Tech (Air Conditioning Technician); HVAC Installer (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Installer); HVAC Mechanic (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Mechanic); HVAC Service Tech (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Service Technician); HVAC Technician (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Technician); HVAC Specialist (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Specialist); HVAC Technician (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Technician); Service Technician; Systems Mechanic

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
86   Core Test electrical circuits or components for continuity, using electrical test equipment.
84   Core Test pipe or tubing joints or connections for leaks, using pressure gauge or soap-and-water solution.
84   Core Join pipes or tubing to equipment and to fuel, water, or refrigerant source, to form complete circuit.
82   Core Reassemble and test equipment following repairs.
81   Core Repair or replace defective equipment, components, or wiring.
81   Core Lay out and connect electrical wiring between controls and equipment, according to wiring diagrams, using electrician's hand tools.
81   Core Obtain and maintain required certifications.
81   Core Install, connect, and adjust thermostats, humidistats and timers, using hand tools.
79   Core Comply with all applicable standards, policies, and procedures, including safety procedures and the maintenance of a clean work area.
78   Core Inspect and test systems to verify system compliance with plans and specifications or to detect and locate malfunctions.
77   Core Adjust system controls to setting recommended by manufacturer to balance system, using hand tools.
77   Core Install auxiliary components to heating-cooling equipment, such as expansion and discharge valves, air ducts, pipes, blowers, dampers, flues and stokers, following blueprints.
77   Core Recommend, develop, or perform preventive or general maintenance procedures, such as cleaning, power-washing, or vacuuming equipment, oiling parts, or changing filters.
76   Core Cut or drill holes in floors, walls, or roof to install equipment, using power saws or drills.
74   Core Assemble, position and mount heating or cooling equipment, following blueprints.
73   Core Record and report all faults, deficiencies, and other unusual occurrences, as well as the time and materials expended on work orders.
73   Core Discuss heating-cooling system malfunctions with users to isolate problems or to verify that malfunctions have been corrected.
72   Core Study blueprints, design specifications, and manufacturers' recommendations to ascertain the configuration of heating or cooling equipment components and to ensure the proper installation of components.
71   Core Measure, cut, thread, or bend pipe or tubing, using pipe fitter's tools.
70   Core Fabricate, assemble, or install duct work or chassis parts, using portable metal-working tools or welding equipment.
69   Core Generate work orders that address deficiencies in need of correction.
68   Core Assist with other work in coordination with repair and maintenance teams.
63   Core Wrap pipes in insulation, securing it in place with cement or wire bands.
Not available Not available Install and test automatic, programmable, or wireless thermostats in residential or commercial buildings to minimize energy usage for heating or cooling. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Install dehumidifiers or related equipment for spaces that require cool, dry air to operate efficiently, such as computer rooms. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Install magnetic-centrifugal chillers, compressors, or related equipment to cool air temperatures through the use of recirculating water. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Install or repair air purification systems, such as specialized filters or ultraviolet (UV) light purification systems. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Install or repair self-contained ground source heat pumps or hybrid ground or air source heat pumps to minimize carbon-based energy consumption and reduce carbon emissions. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Install radiator controls for room-level zone control heating of residential or commercial buildings. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Repair or service heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems to improve efficiency, such as by changing filters, cleaning ducts, or refilling non-toxic refrigerants. Green Task Statement

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Calibrated resistance measuring equipment — 4-wire resistance sensors; Resistance meters
Flow sensors — Venturi meters; Water flow meters
Flowmeters — Pitot tubes; Turbine flow meters
Hammers — Claw hammers; Soft face hammers; Tinners hammers
Hygrometers — Humidity sensors; Hygrosticks
Multimeters — Autoranging meters; Clamp-on multimeters
Power saws — Circular saws; Jig saws; Reciprocating saws
Pressure indicators — Differential pressure detectors; Pneumatic air gauges; Refrigerant pressure meters; Water pressure gauges (see all 6 examples)
Razor knives — Box cutters; Insulation knives
Screwdrivers — Flared tip screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers; Slotted screwdrivers
Voltage or current meters — Alternating current AC line splitters; Electrical current meters; Heating ventilation and air-conditioning/refrigeration HVAC/R clamp meters; Voltmeters (see all 5 examples)

Technology used in this occupation:

Computer aided design CAD software — HVAC tools software
Customer relationship management CRM software — Contact management systems
Data base user interface and query software — Data logging software; Database software
Facilities management software — Computerized maintenance management system CMMS software
Graphics or photo imaging software — Graphics software
Industrial control software — Building automation software
Internet browser software
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Atlas Construction Business Forms; Microsoft Word

See all 109 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
90   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
78   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
69   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
67   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
56   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
55   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
55   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
54   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
51   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
51   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
51   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
49   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
48   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
44   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
43   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
39   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
37   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
34   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
33   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
28   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
28   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
27   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
23   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
21   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
18   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
14   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
12   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
10   Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
75   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
75   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
72   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
69   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
69   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
66   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
63   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
60   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
60   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
56   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
56   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
56   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
56   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
53   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
53   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
53   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
47   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
47   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
47   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
44   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
41   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
41   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
41   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
38   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
38   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
38   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
35   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
35   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
25   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
22   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
19   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
19   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
16   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
  Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
72   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
69   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
66   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
66   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
66   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
63   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
63   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
63   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
63   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
60   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
60   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
60   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
60   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
60   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
60   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
60   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
56   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
56   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
56   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
56   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
56   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
56   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
53   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
53   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
53   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
50   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
50   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
47   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
47   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
47   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
47   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
47   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
44   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
44   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
44   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
44   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
44   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
44   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
41   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
38   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
38   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
38   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
38   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
35   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
35   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
31   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
31   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
28   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
25   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
19   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
16   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
10   Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
79   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
78   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
76   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
  • Assemble mechanical components or machine parts.
  • Connect electrical components or equipment.
  • Cut materials according to specifications or needs.
  • Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
  • Fabricate parts or components.
  • Install energy-efficient heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) equipment.
  • Install heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) equipment.
  • Install insulation in equipment or structures.
  • Position equipment using hand tools, power tools, or heavy equipment.
  • Reassemble equipment after repair.
75   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Interpret blueprints, specifications, or diagrams to inform installation, development or operation activities.
75   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect completed work to ensure proper functioning.
  • Inspect systems to determine if they are operating properly.
  • Test electrical circuits or components for proper functioning.
74   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Repair pipes to stop leaking.
  • Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
  • Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
  • Service heating, ventilation or air-conditioning (HVAC) systems or components.
71   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
69   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
68   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
67   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
66   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
65   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
62   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
61   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
60   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Confer with customers or users to assess problems.
58   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
58   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
55   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
54   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
52   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
50   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Measure distances or dimensions.
47   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Document operational activities.
  • Record information about parts, materials or repair procedures.
47   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
46   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
46   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
45   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
44   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
43   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
42   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
38   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
38   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
35   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
34   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
34   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
34   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Advise others on issues related to repairs, installation, or equipment design.
29   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
26   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
25   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
23   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
21   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
11   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
95   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
94   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
94   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
91   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
87   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
84   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
84   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
84   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
83   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
83   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
83   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
82   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
81   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
80   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
79   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
78   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
78   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
77   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
76   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
76   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
74   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
74   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
73   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
72   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
72   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
71   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
71   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
70   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
69   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
69   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
68   Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
66   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
64   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
64   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
61   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
60   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
56   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
54   Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
51   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
49   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
48   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
47   Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
46   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
46   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
43   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
38   Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
37   Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
36   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
29   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
26   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
22   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
22   In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
22   Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
20   Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
20   Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
11   Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
  Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, interviewers, and insurance sales agents.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
72   Post-secondary certificate Help
16   High school diploma or equivalent Help
  Some college, no degree

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
61   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
61   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
33   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
17   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
  Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
90   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
86   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
84   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
82   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
80   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
79   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
78   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
78   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
78   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
76   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
75   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
75   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
74   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
72   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
66   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
57   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
67   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
50   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
50   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
33   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

47-2111.00 Electricians Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2152.01 Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2152.02 Plumbers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-4021.00 Elevator Installers and Repairers Bright Outlook
49-3023.01 Automotive Master Mechanics Bright Outlook
49-3023.02 Automotive Specialty Technicians Bright Outlook Green Occupation
49-3051.00 Motorboat Mechanics and Service Technicians
49-9012.00 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door
49-9021.02 Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook     Green Occupation Green
49-9071.00 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General Bright Outlook Green Occupation

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Employment data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Industry data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.

Median wages (2013) $21.10 hourly, $43,880 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 268,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 123,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Construction (64% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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