Skip navigation

Details Report for:
49-9021.02 - Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers

Install and repair industrial and commercial refrigerating systems.

Sample of reported job titles: Refrigeration Mechanic; Refrigeration Technician; Service Technician; Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning / Refrigeration Technician (HVAC / R Technician); Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Technician (HVAC Technician); Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Service Technician (HVAC Service Technician); HVAC/R Service Technician (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning/Refrigeration Service Technician); Refrigeration Operator; Transportation Refrigeration Technician; Ammonia Refrigeration Technician

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
85   Core Observe and test system operation, using gauges and instruments.
85   Core Adjust valves according to specifications and charge system with proper type of refrigerant by pumping the specified gas or fluid into the system.
84   Core Test lines, components, and connections for leaks.
83   Core Dismantle malfunctioning systems and test components, using electrical, mechanical, and pneumatic testing equipment.
83   Core Adjust or replace worn or defective mechanisms and parts, and reassemble repaired systems.
83   Core Braze or solder parts to repair defective joints and leaks.
82   Core Perform mechanical overhauls and refrigerant reclaiming.
79   Core Keep records of repairs and replacements made and causes of malfunctions.
79   Core Install expansion and control valves, using acetylene torches and wrenches.
78   Core Install wiring to connect components to an electric power source.
78   Core Mount compressor, condenser, and other components in specified locations on frames, using hand tools and acetylene welding equipment.
77   Core Schedule work with customers and initiate work orders, house requisitions and orders from stock.
77   Core Supervise and instruct assistants.
77   Core Estimate, order, pick up, deliver, and install materials and supplies needed to maintain equipment in good working condition.
75   Core Cut, bend, thread, and connect pipe to functional components and water, power, or refrigeration system.
73   Core Lay out reference points for installation of structural and functional components, using measuring instruments.
73   Core Read blueprints to determine location, size, capacity, and type of components needed to build refrigeration system.
71   Core Lift and align components into position, using hoist or block and tackle.
70   Core Fabricate and assemble structural and functional components of refrigeration system, using hand tools, power tools, and welding equipment.
64   Core Drill holes and install mounting brackets and hangers into floor and walls of building.
59   Core Insulate shells and cabinets of systems.

back to top

Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Air velocity and temperature monitors — Draft gauges; Velometers
Flowmeters — Air flow hoods; Pitot tubes
Frequency calibrator or simulator — Current simulators; Voltage simulators
Handheld thermometer — Handheld thermometers; Water temperature gauges
Levels — Bubble levels; Laser levels; Precision levels; Water levels
Oxygen gas analyzers — Oxygen testers
Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters; Tube cutters
Platform lift — Platform lifts; Staging equipment
Portable data input terminals — Computer diagnostic devices; Dataloggers
Power drills — Cordless drills; Electric drills; Hand drills
Pressure indicators — Gas pressure gauges; Magnehelic gauges; Pressure simulators
Punches or nail sets or drifts — Knockout punches; Punches
Refrigerant compressors — Charging cylinders; Charging manifolds
Safety harnesses or belts — Safety belts; Safety harnesses
Single gas monitors — Carbon dioxide CO2 testers; Carbon monoxide evaluators
Soldering iron — Soldering guns; Soldering irons
Stripping tools — Wire strippers
Threading dies — Pipe dies; Pipe threaders

Technology used in this occupation:

Data base user interface and query software — Database software
Facilities management software — Facility energy management software; Johnson Controls Metasys

See all 136 T2 categories

back to top

Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
93   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
78   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
64   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
64   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
63   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
63   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
61   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
59   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
58   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
58   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
54   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
54   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
51   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
50   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
49   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
48   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
47   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
43   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
40   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
37   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
28   Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
28   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
21   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
20   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
15   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
13   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
12   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
11   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
 Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

back to top

Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
78   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
75   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
75   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
75   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
72   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
69   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
69   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
66   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
66   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
60   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
60   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
56   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
56   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
56   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
56   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
56   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
53   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
50   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
50   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
47   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
47   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
47   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
44   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
44   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
41   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
41   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
38   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
38   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
31   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
28   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
22   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
22   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
10   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

back to top

Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
72   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
69   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
69   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
66   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
66   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
63   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
63   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
63   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
60   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
60   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
60   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
60   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
56   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
56   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
56   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
56   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
53   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
53   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
53   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
53   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
53   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
53   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
53   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
53   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
47   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
47   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
47   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
47   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
44   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
44   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
44   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
44   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
44   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
44   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
38   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
38   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
38   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
38   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
35   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
35   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
35   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
35   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
31   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
31   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
28   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
22   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
22   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
16   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
13   Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
10   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.

back to top

Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
80   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Repair pipes to stop leaking.
  • Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
  • Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
78   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect systems to determine if they are operating properly.
  • Test mechanical systems to ensure proper functioning.
78   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
77   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
76   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
75   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Interpret blueprints, specifications, or diagrams to inform installation, development or operation activities.
74   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
  • Travel to work sites to perform installation, repair or maintenance work.
72   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
71   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
70   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
68   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
68   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
68   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
66   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
65   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Maintain repair or maintenance records.
63   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
63   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
62   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
61   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
  • Braze metal parts or components.
  • Connect electrical components or equipment.
  • Cut materials according to specifications or needs.
  • Disassemble equipment to inspect for deficiencies.
  • Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
  • Fabricate parts or components.
  • Install hardware or other interior fixtures.
  • Install heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) equipment.
  • Install home appliances.
  • Install insulation in equipment or structures.
  • Install machine or equipment replacement parts.
  • Lay out work according to specifications.
61   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
61   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
59   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
59   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
57   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
  • Schedule repair, installation or maintenance activities.
55   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
55   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
55   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Train others in operational procedures.
52   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
51   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
51   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Supervise employees.
49   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
48   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
48   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Order materials, supplies, or equipment.
48   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
46   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
45   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
44   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
43   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
42   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
40   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
15   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.

back to top

Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


81     Constant contact with others
15     Contact with others most of the time
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


78     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


78     Every day
19     Once a week or more but not every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


79     Every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


72     A lot of freedom
22     Some freedom
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


80     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


78     Every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


72     Continually or almost continually
21     More than half the time
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


59     Very important results
36     Important results
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


65     Every day
25     Once a week or more but not every day
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


53     Every day
40     Once a week or more but not every day
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


55     Every day
39     Once a week or more but not every day
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


68     More than 40 hours
29     40 hours
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


50     Every day
35     Once a week or more but not every day
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


61     Every day
19     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


38     Every day
53     Once a week or more but not every day
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


46     Every day
38     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


60     Every day
25     Once a month or more but not every week
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


47     Every day
34     Once a week or more but not every day
15     Once a month or more but not every week
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


70     Every day
12     Once a week or more but not every day
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


25     Every day
67     Once a week or more but not every day
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


26     Extremely important
65     Very important
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


46     A lot of freedom
28     Some freedom
23     Limited freedom
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


46     Extremely important
28     Very important
24     Important
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


44     Every day
26     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


34     Every day
29     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Once a month or more but not every week
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


15     Continually or almost continually
55     More than half the time
25     About half the time
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


45     Extremely important
13     Very important
23     Important
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


34     Every day
26     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Once a month or more but not every week
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


28     Very high responsibility
30     High responsibility
22     Moderate responsibility
19     Limited responsibility
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


31     Extremely important
35     Very important
13     Important
12     Not important at all
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


23     Continually or almost continually
26     More than half the time
32     About half the time
19     Less than half the time
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


16     Very close (near touching)
43     Moderately close (at arm's length)
23     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
13     I don't work near other people (beyond 100 ft.)
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


37     Extremely serious
16     Serious
29     Fairly serious
11     Not serious at all
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


16     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
38     Once a month or more but not every week
26     Once a year or more but not every month
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


16     Every day
29     Once a week or more but not every day
29     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


20     Very high responsibility
22     High responsibility
19     Moderate responsibility
36     Limited responsibility
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


21     Continually or almost continually
23     More than half the time
11     About half the time
45     Less than half the time
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


32     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
11     Once a year or more but not every month
26     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


15     Continually or almost continually
29     More than half the time
15     About half the time
39     Less than half the time
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


15     Continually or almost continually
18     More than half the time
26     About half the time
40     Less than half the time
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


11     Extremely competitive
53     Moderately competitive
19     Slightly competitive
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


17     Extremely important
19     Very important
26     Important
21     Fairly important
17     Not important at all
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


16     Once a week or more but not every day
31     Once a month or more but not every week
40     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


14     More than half the time
11     About half the time
66     Less than half the time
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


20     Every day
15     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a year or more but not every month
47     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


67     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
30     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a month or more but not every week
38     Once a year or more but not every month
23     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


18     About half the time
71     Less than half the time
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


17     Extremely important
12     Important
54     Not important at all
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


11     Every day
33     Once a year or more but not every month
43     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


15     About half the time
73     Less than half the time
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


12     Highly automated
20     Moderately automated
55     Not at all automated
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


14     Once a month or more but not every week
47     Once a year or more but not every month
35     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


12     Every day
25     Once a year or more but not every month
56     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


87     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


12     Once a year or more but not every month
78     Never

back to top

Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

back to top

Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
56   Post-secondary certificate Help
22   Some college, no degree
12   Associate's degree

back to top

Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

back to top

Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
33   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
33   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
11   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
 Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

back to top

Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
87   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
85   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
84   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
81   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
77   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
77   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
75   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
74   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
73   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
73   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
73   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
72   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
71   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
68   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
68   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
54   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

back to top

Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
72   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
56   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
50   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
33   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

back to top

Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

47-2111.00 Electricians Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-4021.00 Elevator Installers and Repairers Bright Outlook
49-2094.00 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment Green Occupation
49-2095.00 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay
49-3011.00 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians
49-3023.01 Automotive Master Mechanics Bright Outlook
49-3042.00 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines
49-9021.01 Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook     Green Occupation Green
49-9044.00 Millwrights Green Occupation
49-9071.00 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General Bright Outlook Green Occupation

back to top

Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Employment data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Industry data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.

Median wages (2013) $21.10 hourly, $43,880 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 268,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 123,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Construction (64% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

back to top

Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs Job Banks

back to top

Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

back to top