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Details Report for:
51-9141.00 - Semiconductor Processors

Perform any or all of the following functions in the manufacture of electronic semiconductors: load semiconductor material into furnace; saw formed ingots into segments; load individual segment into crystal growing chamber and monitor controls; locate crystal axis in ingot using x-ray equipment and saw ingots into wafers; and clean, polish, and load wafers into series of special purpose furnaces, chemical baths, and equipment used to form circuitry and change conductive properties.

Sample of reported job titles: Wafer Fabrication Operator, Fabrication Operator, Process Technician, Diffusion Operator, Engineering Technician, Manufacturing Technician, Device Processing Engineer, Manufacture Specialist, Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition Engineer (MOCVD Engineer), Probe Operator

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Tasks  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
86   Core Manipulate valves, switches, and buttons, or key commands into control panels to start semiconductor processing cycles.
86   Core Maintain processing, production, and inspection information and reports.
86   Core Inspect materials, components, or products for surface defects and measure circuitry, using electronic test equipment, precision measuring instruments, microscope, and standard procedures.
84   Core Clean semiconductor wafers using cleaning equipment, such as chemical baths, automatic wafer cleaners, or blow-off wands.
83   Core Study work orders, instructions, formulas, and processing charts to determine specifications and sequence of operations.
81   Core Load and unload equipment chambers and transport finished product to storage or to area for further processing.
77   Core Clean and maintain equipment, including replacing etching and rinsing solutions and cleaning bath containers and work area.
77   Core Place semiconductor wafers in processing containers or equipment holders, using vacuum wand or tweezers.
85   Supplemental Set, adjust, and readjust computerized or mechanical equipment controls to regulate power level, temperature, vacuum, and rotation speed of furnace, according to crystal growing specifications.
85   Supplemental Etch, lap, polish, or grind wafers or ingots to form circuitry and change conductive properties, using etching, lapping, polishing, or grinding equipment.
83   Supplemental Load semiconductor material into furnace.
82   Supplemental Monitor operation and adjust controls of processing machines and equipment to produce compositions with specific electronic properties, using computer terminals.
81   Supplemental Count, sort, and weigh processed items.
79   Supplemental Calculate etching time based on thickness of material to be removed from wafers or crystals.
78   Supplemental Inspect equipment for leaks, diagnose malfunctions, and request repairs.
78   Supplemental Align photo mask pattern on photoresist layer, expose pattern to ultraviolet light, and develop pattern, using specialized equipment.
75   Supplemental Stamp, etch, or scribe identifying information on finished component according to specifications.
74   Supplemental Operate saw to cut remelt into sections of specified size or to cut ingots into wafers.
73   Supplemental Scribe or separate wafers into dice.
71   Supplemental Connect reactor to computer, using hand tools and power tools.
63   Supplemental Mount crystal ingots or wafers on blocks or plastic laminate, using special mounting devices, to facilitate their positioning in the holding fixtures of sawing, drilling, grinding or sanding equipment.
60   Supplemental Attach ampoule to diffusion pump to remove air from ampoule, and seal ampoule, using blowtorch.
60   Supplemental Measure and weigh amounts of crystal growing materials, mix and grind materials, load materials into container, and monitor processing procedures to help identify crystal growing problems.
30   Supplemental Locate crystal axis of ingot, and draw orientation lines on ingot, using x-ray equipment, drill, and sanding machine.

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
73   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
70   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
60   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
59   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
57   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
56   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
49   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
47   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
42   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
35   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
35   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
32   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
27   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
26   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
24   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
22   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
21   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
19   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
19   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
17   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
17   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
16   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
15   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
14   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
13   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
12   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
  Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
66   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
60   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
60   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
56   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
56   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
56   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
47   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
47   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
47   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
47   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
47   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
47   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
47   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
44   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
44   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
44   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
38   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
38   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
35   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
31   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
31   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
31   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
31   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
31   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
28   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
28   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
25   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
25   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
22   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
22   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
19   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
16   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
16   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
13   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
10   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
66   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
63   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
63   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
60   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
56   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
56   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
56   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
56   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
56   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
53   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
53   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
53   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
53   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
53   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
50   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
50   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
47   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
47   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
47   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
47   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
44   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
44   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
44   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
44   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
41   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
41   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
35   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
35   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
35   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
35   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
35   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
35   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
31   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
31   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
31   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
31   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
28   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
28   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
28   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
25   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
25   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
25   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
25   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
19   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
19   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
16   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
16   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
16   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
16   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
13   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
81   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate cutting equipment.
80   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Adjust flow of electricity to tools or production equipment.
  • Adjust temperature controls of ovens or other heating equipment.
  • Assemble precision electronics or optical equipment.
  • Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.
  • Engrave designs, text, or other markings onto materials, workpieces, or products.
  • Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment.
77   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Clean workpieces or finished products.
  • Load items into ovens or furnaces.
  • Load materials into production equipment.
  • Mix substances to create chemical solutions.
  • Move products, materials, or equipment between work areas.
75   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Read work orders or other instructions to determine product specifications or materials requirements.
  • Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences.
75   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Monitor equipment operation to ensure that products are not flawed.
73   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Notify others of equipment repair or maintenance needs.
70   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
70   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
69   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Enter commands, instructions, or specifications into equipment.
68   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
66   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Count finished products or workpieces.
  • Inspect production equipment.
65   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
64   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
64   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
63   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
57   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Calculate specific material, equipment, or labor requirements for production.
  • Diagnose equipment malfunctions.
55   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
55   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
  • Sort materials or products for processing, storing, shipping, or grading.
53   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
51   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
51   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Record operational or production data.
51   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications.
  • Measure ingredients or substances to be used in production processes.
  • Weigh finished products.
50   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
50   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
49   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
49   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
45   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
42   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
41   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Maintain production or processing equipment.
40   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
38   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
37   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
31   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
27   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
27   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
26   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
25   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
24   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
22   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
21   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
16   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
100   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
89   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
81   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
77   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
77   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
75   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
73   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
73   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
73   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
72   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
70   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
69   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
69   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
69   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
68   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
65   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
65   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
64   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
62   Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
60   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
60   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
59   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
59   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
55   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
55   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
55   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
54   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
52   Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
51   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
46   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
46   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
45   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
44   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
42   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
39   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
39   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
33   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
32   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
29   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
23   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
22   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
20   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
18   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
15   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
14   Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
14   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
13   In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
12   Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
  Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
  Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
  Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
  Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
  Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
  Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
 Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
 Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
 Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
84   High school diploma or equivalent Help
12   Less than high school diploma
  Associate's degree

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Credentials

Find Training

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
67   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
56   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
22   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
  Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
84   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
76   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
75   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
72   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
70   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
66   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
66   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
66   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
65   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
62   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
61   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
59   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
57   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
57   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
54   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
53   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
72   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
56   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
31   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
28   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
22   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
17   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

51-2031.00 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers Green Occupation
51-3092.00 Food Batchmakers
51-4033.00 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
51-4121.07 Solderers and Brazers   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook     Green Occupation Green
51-4191.00 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
51-5113.00 Print Binding and Finishing Workers
51-6091.00 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers
51-9032.00 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
51-9121.00 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
51-9151.00 Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $16.32 hourly, $33,950 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 21,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 5,000
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Manufacturing (95% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs Job Banks

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Semiconductor Processors external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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