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Summary Report for:
11-9051.00 - Food Service Managers

Plan, direct, or coordinate activities of an organization or department that serves food and beverages.

Sample of reported job titles: Banquet Manager, Catering Manager, Director of Food and Beverage, Food and Beverage Manager, Food Service Director, Food Service Manager, Food Service Supervisor, Kitchen Manager, Restaurant General Manager, Restaurant Manager

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Monitor compliance with health and fire regulations regarding food preparation and serving, and building maintenance in lodging and dining facilities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor food preparation methods, portion sizes, and garnishing and presentation of food to ensure that food is prepared and presented in an acceptable manner. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Count money and make bank deposits. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Investigate and resolve complaints regarding food quality, service, or accommodations. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Coordinate assignments of cooking personnel to ensure economical use of food and timely preparation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Schedule and receive food and beverage deliveries, checking delivery contents to verify product quality and quantity. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor budgets and payroll records, and review financial transactions to ensure that expenditures are authorized and budgeted. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain food and equipment inventories, and keep inventory records. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Schedule staff hours and assign duties. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Establish standards for personnel performance and customer service. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform some food preparation or service tasks, such as cooking, clearing tables, and serving food and drinks when necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan menus and food utilization, based on anticipated number of guests, nutritional value, palatability, popularity, and costs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Keep records required by government agencies regarding sanitation or food subsidies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Test cooked food by tasting and smelling it to ensure palatability and flavor conformity. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Organize and direct worker training programs, resolve personnel problems, hire new staff, and evaluate employee performance in dining and lodging facilities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Order and purchase equipment and supplies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review work procedures and operational problems to determine ways to improve service, performance, or safety. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Assess staffing needs and recruit staff, using methods such as newspaper advertisements or attendance at job fairs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Arrange for equipment maintenance and repairs, and coordinate a variety of services, such as waste removal and pest control. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record the number, type, and cost of items sold to determine which items may be unpopular or less profitable. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review menus and analyze recipes to determine labor and overhead costs, and assign prices to menu items. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor employee and patron activities to ensure liquor regulations are obeyed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Greet guests, escort them to their seats, and present them with menus and wine lists. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Schedule use of facilities or catering services for events such as banquets or receptions, and negotiate details of arrangements with clients. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Estimate food, liquor, wine, and other beverage consumption to anticipate amounts to be purchased or requisitioned. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Create specialty dishes and develop recipes to be used in dining facilities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Establish and enforce nutritional standards for dining establishments, based on accepted industry standards. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Take dining reservations. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Cash registers — Computerized cash registers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Accounting software — Food Services Solutions DayCap; Intuit QuickBooks software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Analytical or scientific software — Aurora FoodPro; ChefTec software; Food Software.com IPro Restaurant Inventory, Recipe & Menu Software; SweetWARE nutraCoster (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Calendar and scheduling software — espSoftware Employee Schedule Partner; iMagic Restaurant Reservation See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Database software; ValuSoft MasterCook See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Desktop publishing software — SoftCafe software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Outlook See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Flash See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Inventory management software — Army Food Management Information System software; Food Service Solutions FoodCo; Gift Certificates Plus Giftworks See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Point of sale POS software — ClubSoft Food & Beverage Point of Sale; DataTeam Lunch Express; Dinerware Intuitive Restaurant Software; Food Service Solutions POSitive ID System (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Project management software — ReServe Interactive Catering Software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Time accounting software — Aestiva Employee Time Clock See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources). See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Evaluate quality of materials or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Schedule activities or facility use. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolve customer complaints or problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct facility maintenance or repair activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain regulatory or compliance documentation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor organizational compliance with regulations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze data to inform operational decisions or activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide basic information to guests, visitors, or clients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain operational records. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Negotiate sales or lease agreements for products or services. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor activities of individuals to ensure safety or compliance with rules. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collect payments for goods or services. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor organizational procedures to ensure proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop organizational policies or programs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare staff schedules or work assignments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Manage guest services. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate employee performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Manage organizational or project budgets. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Schedule product or material transportation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Recruit personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Manage inventories of products or organizational resources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Manage human resources activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Recommend organizational process or policy changes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Perform manual service or maintenance tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Determine resource needs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Purchase materials, equipment, or other resources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate cost or material requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 67% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 70% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 59% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 53% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 56% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 47% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 47% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 46% responded “Very close (near touching).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 50% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 45% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 39% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 50% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 41% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 44% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 39% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 37% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 44% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 50% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 36% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 33% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 51% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 35% responded “Extremely competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 49% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 48% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 37% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 32% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 27% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
30   Less than high school diploma
28   High school diploma or equivalent Help
14   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: ECR

  • Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $23.34 hourly, $48,560 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 321,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Little or no change (-2% to 2%) Little or no change (-2% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 62,400
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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