Summary Report for:
15-1134.00 - Web Developers
Design, create, and modify Web sites. Analyze user needs to implement Web site content, graphics, performance, and capacity. May integrate Web sites with other computer applications. May convert written, graphic, audio, and video components to compatible Web formats by using software designed to facilitate the creation of Web and multimedia content.
Sample of reported job titles: Web Designer, Web Developer, Webmaster
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Design, build, or maintain Web sites, using authoring or scripting languages, content creation tools, management tools, and digital media.
- Perform or direct Web site updates.
- Write, design, or edit Web page content, or direct others producing content.
- Confer with management or development teams to prioritize needs, resolve conflicts, develop content criteria, or choose solutions.
- Back up files from Web sites to local directories for instant recovery in case of problems.
- Identify problems uncovered by testing or customer feedback, and correct problems or refer problems to appropriate personnel for correction.
- Evaluate code to ensure that it is valid, is properly structured, meets industry standards, and is compatible with browsers, devices, or operating systems.
- Maintain understanding of current Web technologies or programming practices through continuing education, reading, or participation in professional conferences, workshops, or groups.
- Analyze user needs to determine technical requirements.
- Develop or validate test routines and schedules to ensure that test cases mimic external interfaces and address all browser and device types.
- Develop databases that support Web applications and Web sites.
- Renew domain name registrations.
- Collaborate with management or users to develop e-commerce strategies and to integrate these strategies with Web sites.
- Write supporting code for Web applications or Web sites.
- Communicate with network personnel or Web site hosting agencies to address hardware or software issues affecting Web sites.
- Design and implement Web site security measures, such as firewalls or message encryption.
- Perform Web site tests according to planned schedules, or after any Web site or product revision.
- Select programming languages, design tools, or applications.
- Incorporate technical considerations into Web site design plans, such as budgets, equipment, performance requirements, or legal issues including accessibility and privacy.
- Respond to user email inquiries, or set up automated systems to send responses.
- Develop or implement procedures for ongoing Web site revision.
- Develop and document style guidelines for Web site content.
- Develop Web site maps, application models, image templates, or page templates that meet project goals, user needs, or industry standards.
- Establish appropriate server directory trees.
- Identify or maintain links to and from other Web sites and check links to ensure proper functioning.
- Recommend and implement performance improvements.
- Create searchable indices for Web page content.
- Register Web sites with search engines to increase Web site traffic.
- Provide clear, detailed descriptions of Web site specifications, such as product features, activities, software, communication protocols, programming languages, and operating systems software and hardware.
- Monitor security system performance logs to identify problems and notify security specialists when problems occur.
- Create web models or prototypes that include physical, interface, logical, or data models.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Computer servers — Application servers; Web servers
- Desktop computers
- High capacity removable media drives — Universal serial bus USB flash drives
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Personal computers
Technology used in this occupation:
- Application server software — Oracle WebLogic Server; Red Hat WildFly
- Business intelligence and data analysis software — Qlik Tech QlikView; Tableau software
- Communications server software — IBM Domino
- Configuration management software — Puppet
- Content workflow software — Sitecore CMS
- Data base management system software — Apache Hadoop; NoSQL software; Oracle PL/SQL; Sybase software (see all 9 examples)
- Data base reporting software — Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services; SAP BusinessObjects Crystal Reports
- Data base user interface and query software — FileMaker Pro software; Oracle JDBC; Structured query language SQL; Transact-SQL (see all 8 examples)
- Data mining software — Google Analytics
- Desktop publishing software — Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign; Microsoft Publisher
- Development environment software — Android; C; Integrated development environment IDE software; Microsoft Visual Basic (see all 14 examples)
- Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat
- Enterprise application integration software — Common gateway interface CGI; Extensible markup language XML; Extensible stylesheet language XSL; IBM WebSphere
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — Microsoft Dynamics software; SAP Business Objects software
- Enterprise system management software — IBM Power Systems software; Splunk Enterprise
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe After Effects; Adobe Systems Adobe Fireworks; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software; Microsoft Visio (see all 6 examples)
- Map creation software — ESRI ArcGIS software; Geographic information system GIS software
- Network conferencing software — Microsoft Office SharePoint Server MOSS
- Network monitoring software — Nagios; Wireshark
- Object or component oriented development software — C++; jQuery; Oracle Java; Python (see all 12 examples)
- Object oriented data base management software — Hibernate ORM; IBM Informix; PostgreSQL software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Operating system software — KornShell; Oracle Solaris; Red Hat Enterprise Linux; UNIX (see all 7 examples)
- Portal server software — Apache HTTP Server
- Program testing software — Hewlett Packard LoadRunner; Junit
- Project management software — Microsoft SharePoint software
- Requirements analysis and system architecture software — Unified modeling language UML
- Sales and marketing software — Google AdWords
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Transaction server software — Customer information control system CCIS; Microsoft Internet Information Service IIS
- Video creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe AfterEffects; Apple Final Cut Pro
- Web page creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
Detailed Work Activities
- Develop testing routines or procedures.
- Evaluate utility of software or hardware technologies.
- Prepare graphics or other visual representations of information.
- Create databases to store electronic data.
- Design websites or web applications.
- Create electronic data backup to prevent loss of information.
- Implement security measures for computer or information systems.
- Collaborate with others to resolve information technology issues.
- Update website content.
- Test software performance.
- Develop computer or information security policies or procedures.
- Update knowledge about emerging industry or technology trends.
- Install computer hardware.
- Resolve computer software problems.
- Troubleshoot issues with computer applications or systems.
- Collaborate with others to develop or implement marketing strategies.
- Analyze project data to determine specifications or requirements.
- Develop models of information or communications systems.
- Conduct research to gain information about products or processes.
- Recommend changes to improve computer or information systems.
- Document design or development procedures.
- Write computer programming code.
- Document network-related activities or tasks.
- Monitor the security of digital information.
- Configure computer networks.
- Provide technical support for computer network issues.
- Provide recommendations to others about computer hardware.
- Provide customer service to clients or users.
- Develop diagrams or flow charts of system operation.
- Develop specifications or procedures for website development or maintenance.
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 93% responded “Every day.”
- Electronic Mail — 86% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Sitting — 79% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Telephone — 46% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 59% responded “Extremely important.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 61% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 55% responded “Extremely important.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 45% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 41% responded “Some freedom.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 68% responded “Some freedom.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 52% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 36% responded “Very important.”
- Time Pressure — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Level of Competition — 38% responded “Highly competitive.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 52% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Contact With Others — 32% responded “Contact with others about half the time.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 31% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 37% responded “Important results.”
- Letters and Memos — 30% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
Interest code: CIR
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$30.52 hourly, $63,490 annual|
|Employment (2012)||141,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Faster than average (15% to 21%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||50,700|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Web Developers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.
- World Organization of Webmasters , P.O. Box 1743, Folsom, CA 95630. Phone: (916) 989-2933. Fax: (916) 987-3022.