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Summary Report for:
15-1141.00 - Database Administrators

Administer, test, and implement computer databases, applying knowledge of database management systems. Coordinate changes to computer databases. May plan, coordinate, and implement security measures to safeguard computer databases.

Sample of reported job titles: Database Administration Manager, Database Administrator (DBA), Database Analyst, Database Coordinator, Database Programmer, Information Systems Manager, Management Information Systems Director (MIS Director), Programmer Analyst, Systems Manager

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Test programs or databases, correct errors, and make necessary modifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Modify existing databases and database management systems or direct programmers and analysts to make changes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan, coordinate and implement security measures to safeguard information in computer files against accidental or unauthorized damage, modification or disclosure. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Work as part of a project team to coordinate database development and determine project scope and limitations. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Write and code logical and physical database descriptions and specify identifiers of database to management system or direct others in coding descriptions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Train users and answer questions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Specify users and user access levels for each segment of database. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Approve, schedule, plan, and supervise the installation and testing of new products and improvements to computer systems such as the installation of new databases. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review project requests describing database user needs to estimate time and cost required to accomplish project. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop standards and guidelines to guide the use and acquisition of software and to protect vulnerable information. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review procedures in database management system manuals for making changes to database. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop methods for integrating different products so they work properly together such as customizing commercial databases to fit specific needs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop data model describing data elements and how they are used, following procedures and using pen, template or computer software. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Select and enter codes to monitor database performance and to create production database. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Establish and calculate optimum values for database parameters, using manuals and calculator. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hard disk arrays — Redundant array of independent disks RAID systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hard disk drives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mainframe computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape arrays — Tape libraries See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Access software — Access management software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Analytical or scientific software — Safe Software FME; SAS software; Test data generator software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Application server software — Oracle WebLogic See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Backup or archival software — Acronis Recovery Expert; BMC Software Control-M software; Legato NetWorker; Oracle Data Guard (see all 12 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Business intelligence and data analysis software — IBM Cognos Business Intelligence; Micosoft SQL Server Analysis Services SSAS; Oracle Business Intelligence software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Charting software — Microsoft Office Visio See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Clustering software — Cluster server software; Oracle Real Application Cluster RAC See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer based training software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Configuration management software — Deployment software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base management system software — Microsoft SQL Server; MySQL software; Quest Central; Sybase Replication Server (see all 23 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base reporting software — Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services SSRS; Oracle Reports; Oracle SQL Loader; Oracle SQL Plus (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Database query language; Microsoft Access; Structured query language SQL; Teradata Active Enterprise Data Warehouse (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Desktop publishing software — Microsoft Publisher See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Development environment software — C; Microsoft Visual Basic; Prolog; Restructured extended executor REXX (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise application integration software — Enterprise application integration EAI software; Extensible markup language XML; IBM WebSphere; Microsoft SQL Server Integration Services SSIS See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software — Informatica Corporation PowerCenter; Oracle PeopleSoft; SAP BusinessObjects software; SAP software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Human resources software — Oracle Learning Management OLM software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Information retrieval or search software — Data validation software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Metadata management software — Data mapping software; Data modeling software; IBM Rational Data Architect; Visual Paradigm DB Visual ARCHITECT (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network conferencing software — Microsoft Sharepoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network security or virtual private network VPN management software — Database security software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object or component oriented development software — C++; Microsoft Visual C# .NET; Python; Sybase PowerBuilder (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object oriented data base management software — IBM Informix; Object database management system ODBMS software; PostgreSQL software; Transact-SQL See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Operating system software — DOS shell script; Kornshell; Linux; Microsoft Windows (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Program testing software — Computer Associates Log Analyzer; Database testing software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Requirements analysis and system architecture software — Database capacity planning software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Storage networking software — Storage area network SAN software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Transaction security and virus protection software — Encryption software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web platform development software — Hypertext markup language HTML; JavaScript; Oracle Application Express APEX; Oracle Designer (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Analyze data to identify trends or relationships among variables. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze market or customer related data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop performance metrics or standards related to information technology. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop detailed project plans. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create databases to store electronic data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Implement security measures for computer or information systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Modify software programs to improve performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate project activities with other personnel or departments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Update computer database information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop computer or information security policies or procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop models of information or communications systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Read documents to gather technical information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assess database performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop database parameters or specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Write computer programming code. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate software or hardware installation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop guidelines for system implementation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train others in computer interface or software use. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate time or monetary resources needed to complete projects. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 100% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 97% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 95% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 79% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 70% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 57% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 54% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 54% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 43% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 48% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 35% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 37% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 62% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 73% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 58% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 22% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 32% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 21% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 44% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 34% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
60   Bachelor's degree
20   Some college, no degree
16   Associate's degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Computer Science — Computer and Information Sciences, General; Computer and Information Systems Security; Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst; Management Information Systems, General

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: CI

  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $38.60 hourly, $80,280 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 119,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 40,300
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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