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Summary Report for:
15-1199.02 - Computer Systems Engineers/Architects

Design and develop solutions to complex applications problems, system administration issues, or network concerns. Perform systems management and integration functions.

Sample of reported job titles: Electronic Data Interchange System Developer (EDI System Developer), System Architect, Systems Engineer

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks

  • Communicate with staff or clients to understand specific system requirements. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide advice on project costs, design concepts, or design changes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Document design specifications, installation instructions, and other system-related information. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Verify stability, interoperability, portability, security, or scalability of system architecture. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collaborate with engineers or software developers to select appropriate design solutions or ensure the compatibility of system components. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate current or emerging technologies to consider factors such as cost, portability, compatibility, or usability. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide technical guidance or support for the development or troubleshooting of systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify system data, hardware, or software components required to meet user needs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide guidelines for implementing secure systems to customers or installation teams. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor system operation to detect potential problems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct the analysis, development, and operation of complete computer systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Investigate system component suitability for specified purposes and make recommendations regarding component use. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform ongoing hardware and software maintenance operations, including installing or upgrading hardware or software. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Configure servers to meet functional specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop or approve project plans, schedules, or budgets. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Define and analyze objectives, scope, issues, or organizational impact of information systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop system engineering, software engineering, system integration, or distributed system architectures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design and conduct hardware or software tests. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Establish functional or system standards to ensure operational requirements, quality requirements, and design constraints are addressed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate existing systems to determine effectiveness and suggest changes to meet organizational requirements. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Research, test, or verify proper functioning of software patches and fixes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Communicate project information through presentations, technical reports or white papers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Complete models and simulations, using manual or automated tools, to analyze or predict system performance under different operating conditions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct the installation of operating systems, network or application software, or computer or network hardware. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Train system users in system operation or maintenance. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform security analyses of developed or packaged software components. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop application-specific software. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Access servers — Lightweight directory access protocol LDAP servers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Computer servers — Blade servers; Web servers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Graphics or video accelerator cards — Graphics display cards See more occupations related to this tool.
  • High capacity removable media drives — Mass storage devices See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mainframe computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mobile phones — Smartphones See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Motherboards See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Network routers — Computer network routers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Radio frequency RF cable — Radio frequency cables See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Signal cable — Multi-conductor cables See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tablet computers See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Access software — Citrix software; Symark PowerBroker See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Application server software — BEA WebLogic Server; VMWare ESX Server See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Backup or archival software — VERITAS NetBackup See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Configuration management software — IBM Rational Build Forge; IBM Rational ClearCase See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base management system software — IBM Infosphere Information Server; IBM InfoSphere software; Microsoft SQL Server; MySQL software (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — IBM DB2; Structured query language SQL; xQuery See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Desktop publishing software — Adobe Systems Adobe FrameMaker See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Development environment software — C; IONA Orbix; Microsoft Visual Basic; ToadSoft Toad (see all 15 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Exchange See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise application integration software — Extensible markup language XML; IBM WebSphere; IBM WebSphere MQ See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphical user interface development software — Altia software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet directory services software — Microsoft Active Directory See more occupations related to this technology.
  • LAN software — Local area network LAN software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network conferencing software — IBM Lotus SameTime; Microsoft Office SharePoint Server MOSS See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network security and virtual private network VPN equipment software — Firewall software; Intrusion detection system IDS software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object or component oriented development software — C++; ILOG Rules software; Practical extraction and reporting language Perl; Spring (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Operating system software — Linux; Microsoft Windows; Sun Microsystem Solaris Security Toolkit; Sun Microsystem ZFS (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Project management software — 37signals Basecamp; Clarity Systems IBM Clarity; Microsoft Project See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Storage networking software — Storage area network SAN software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Transaction server software — BEA Tuxedo; Microsoft Internet Information Service IIS See more occupations related to this technology.
  • WAN switching software and firmware — Wide area network WAN software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web page creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Flash Player See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web platform development software — Grails *; Groovy *; JavaScript; Ruby on Rails * (see all 14 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Manage information technology projects or system activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop performance metrics or standards related to information technology. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate utility of software or hardware technologies. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test computer system operations to ensure proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare analytical reports. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop detailed project plans. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop organizational goals or objectives. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor computer system performance to ensure proper operation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide technical support for software maintenance or use. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate project activities with other personnel or departments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test software performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate project information to others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design software applications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install computer hardware. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze security of systems, network, or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install computer software. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain computer hardware. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with others to determine design specifications or details. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Recommend changes to improve computer or information systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct research to gain information about products or processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Configure computer networks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate software or hardware installation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design computer modeling or simulation programs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop guidelines for system implementation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Document technical specifications or requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design integrated computer systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train others in computer interface or software use. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop models of information or communications systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test computer hardware performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identify information technology project resource requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 100% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 87% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 70% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 77% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 74% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 57% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 50% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 48% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 65% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 52% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 39% responded “Contact with others most of the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 39% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 35% responded “Moderate results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 39% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 43% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 48% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 26% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 30% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 52% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
61   Bachelor's degree
13   Post-secondary certificate Help
9   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: IRC

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Computer Occupations, All Other.
Employment data collected from Computer Occupations, All Other.
Industry data collected from Computer Occupations, All Other.

Median wages (2014) $40.10 hourly, $83,410 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 206,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 40,200
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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