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Summary Report for:
17-2199.07 - Photonics Engineers

Design technologies specializing in light information or light energy, such as laser or fiber optics technology.

Sample of reported job titles: Laser Engineer, Optical Design Engineer, Optical Engineer, Optical Engineering Manager, Optical Scientist, Optical Systems Engineer, Optoelectronics Engineer, Process Engineering and Metrology Manager, System Engineer, Technology Director

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Design, integrate, or test photonics systems or components. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop optical or imaging systems, such as optical imaging products, optical components, image processes, signal process technologies, or optical systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Analyze system performance or operational requirements. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Write reports or research proposals. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Assist in the transition of photonic prototypes to production. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop or test photonic prototypes or models. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct testing to determine functionality or optimization or to establish limits of photonics systems or components. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design electro-optical sensing or imaging systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Read current literature, talk with colleagues, continue education, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in the field. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct research on new photonics technologies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine applications of photonics appropriate to meet product objectives or features. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Document design processes including objectives, issues, and outcomes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Oversee or provide expertise on manufacturing, assembly, or fabrication processes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Train operators, engineers, or other personnel. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine commercial, industrial, scientific, or other uses for electro-optical applications or devices. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design gas lasers, solid state lasers, infrared, or other light emitting or light sensitive devices. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design or develop new crystals for photonics applications. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design or redesign optical fibers to minimize energy loss. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design photonics products, such as light sources, displays, or photovoltaics to achieve increased energy efficiency. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design solar energy photonics or other materials or devices to generate energy. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop photonics sensing or manufacturing technologies to improve the efficiency of manufacturing or related processes. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Bench refractometers or polarimeters — Bench refractometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chromatographic detectors — Photodetectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cryostats See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras — Line scan cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electron microscopes — Microprobe stations; Probe test stations See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flowmeters — Flow meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fluorescent microscopes — Confocal fluorescence microscopes; Deconvolution fluorescence microscopes; Total internal reflection fluorescence TIRF microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Frequency counters or timer or dividers — Photon counting systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fume hoods or cupboards — Chemical hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Graphic recorders — Digital panel meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • HEPA filtered enclosures — Biosafety cabinets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Infrared imagers — Infrared viewers; Near infrared cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Interferometers — Autocorrelators; Optical spectrum analyzers; Wavelength meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Isolation glove boxes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory safety furnaces — Oxidation furnaces See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser beam analyzers — Laser beam profilers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lasers — Argon-ion lasers; Nitrogen lasers; Tunable diode lasers; Tunable dye lasers (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Level generators — Pulse generators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lightmeters — Photodiode array detectors; Streak cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Optical choppers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oscilloscopes — Digital storage oscilloscopes DSO See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Polarimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power meters — Optical power meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Reflectometers — Optical time domain reflectometers OTDR See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanning electron microscopes — Scanning electron microscopes SEM See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanning light or spinning disk or laser scanning microscopes — Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering CARS microscopes; Near field scanning optical microscopes NSOM; Raman microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanning probe microscopes — Atomic force microscopes AFM See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Semiconductor process systems — Contact lithography systems; Electron beam lithography systems; Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition PECVD systems; Vacuum deposition systems (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Semiconductor testers — Semiconductor parameter analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrofluorimeters or fluorimeters — Fluorescence lifetime spectrometers; Spectrofluorimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrometers — Spectroscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrophotometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers — Rapid thermal annealers RTA See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tumblers or polishers — Chemical mechanical polishing CMP systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives — Optical fiber cleavers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vibration testers — Laser Doppler vibrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Voltage or current meters — Current monitors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Xenon lamp — Xenon arc lamps See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Adept Scientific GRAMS; BPM_CAD; Photon Design PICWave; The MathWorks MATLAB (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software — Apollo Photonics APSS; Optiwave OptiBPM; Optiwave OptiFDTD; Photon Design FIMMWAVE (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Development environment software — C; National Instruments LabVIEW See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Prepare operational reports. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate industrial equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Select tools, equipment, or technologies for use in operations or projects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Update technical knowledge. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze operational data to evaluate operations, processes or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Document technical design details. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare detailed work plans. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test performance of electrical, electronic, mechanical, or integrated systems or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research advanced engineering designs or applications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design industrial processing systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare proposal documents. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design electronic or computer equipment or instrumentation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain operational records or records systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Fabricate devices or components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train personnel on proper operational procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare procedural documents. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Purchase materials, equipment, or other resources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create physical models or prototypes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct industrial production activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design energy production or management equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identify new applications for existing technologies. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 96% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 88% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 75% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 50% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 71% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 50% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 50% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 46% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 42% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 42% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 54% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 54% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 58% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 38% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 38% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 29% responded “Very serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 38% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 54% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 33% responded “Fairly important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 42% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 67% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 42% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 46% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
54   Bachelor's degree
25   Master's degree
13   Doctoral degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Physics/Astronomy — Engineering Physics; Optics/Optical Sciences

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: IRC

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Employment data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Industry data collected from Engineers, All Other.

Median wages (2014) $45.31 hourly, $94,240 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 133,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 29,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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