Summary Report for:
17-3031.02 - Mapping Technicians
Calculate mapmaking information from field notes, and draw and verify accuracy of topographical maps.
Sample of reported job titles: Aerotriangulation Specialist, CAD Technician (Computer Aided Design Technician), Geospatial Analyst, Mapping Editor, Mapping Technician, Photogrammetric Compilation Specialist, Photogrammetric Stereo Compiler, Photogrammetric Technician, Stereoplotter Operator, Tax Map Technician
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Check all layers of maps to ensure accuracy, identifying and marking errors and making corrections.
- Design or develop information databases that include geographic or topographic data.
- Monitor mapping work or the updating of maps to ensure accuracy, the inclusion of new or changed information, or compliance with rules and regulations.
- Produce or update overlay maps to show information boundaries, water locations, or topographic features on various base maps or at different scales.
- Determine scales, line sizes, or colors to be used for hard copies of computerized maps, using plotters.
- Identify and compile database information to create maps in response to requests.
- Analyze aerial photographs to detect and interpret significant military, industrial, resource, or topographical data.
- Enter Global Positioning System (GPS) data, legal deeds, field notes, or land survey reports into geographic information system (GIS) workstations so that information can be transformed into graphic land descriptions, such as maps or drawings.
- Research and combine existing property information to describe property boundaries in relation to adjacent properties, taking into account parcel splits, combinations, or land boundary adjustments.
- Calculate latitudes, longitudes, angles, areas, or other information for mapmaking, using survey field notes or reference tables.
- Compare topographical features or contour lines with images from aerial photographs, old maps, or other reference materials to verify the accuracy of their identification.
- Trace contours or topographic details to generate maps that denote specific land or property locations or geographic attributes.
- Research resources such as survey maps or legal descriptions to verify property lines or to obtain information needed for mapping.
- Trim, align, and join prints to form photographic mosaics, maintaining scaled distances between reference points.
- Answer questions and provide information to the public or to staff members regarding assessment maps, surveys, boundaries, easements, property ownership, roads, zoning, or similar matters.
- Compute and measure scaled distances between reference points to establish relative positions of adjoining prints and enable the creation of photographic mosaics.
- Train staff members in duties such as tax mapping, the use of computerized mapping equipment, or the interpretation of source documents.
- Redraw or correct maps, such as revising parcel maps, to reflect tax code area changes, using information from official records or surveys.
- Produce presentations of surface or mineral ownership layers by interpreting legal survey plans.
- Identify, research, and resolve anomalies in legal land descriptions, referring issues to title or survey experts as appropriate.
- Create survey description pages or historical records related to the mapping activities or specifications of section plats.
- Lay out and match aerial photographs in sequences in which they were taken and identify any areas missing from photographs.
- Complete detailed source and method notes describing the location of routine or complex land parcels.
- Supervise or coordinate activities of workers engaged in plotting data, drafting maps, or producing blueprints, photostats, or photographs.
- Form three-dimensional images of aerial photographs taken from different locations, using mathematical techniques and plotting instruments.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Compasses — Drafting compasses
- Desktop computers
- Digital cameras
- Drafting kits or sets — Drafting kits
- Global positioning system GPS receiver — Global positioning system GPS receivers
- Laser printers
- Notebook computers
- Personal computers — Pocket personal computers PC
- Plotter printers — Plotters
- Scales — Engineering scales
- Scanners — Digitizers
- T squares — T-squares
- Tablet computers
- Templates — Drafting templates
Technology used in this occupation:
- Analytical or scientific software — Digital elevation model DEM software; ESRI ArcToolbox; PCI Geomatics software; Trimble GPS Pathfinder (see all 6 examples)
- Application server software — ESRI ArcSDE
- Categorization or classification software — PCI Geomatics eCognition
- Computer aided design CAD software — 3D Nature LLC Visual Nature Studio; 3D Nature LLC World Construction Set; Bentley MicroStation ; Carlson SurvCADD (see all 12 examples)
- Data base user interface and query software — ESRI Personal Geodatabase; Microsoft Access ; Oracle software; Trimble TerraSync (see all 8 examples)
- Desktop publishing software — QuarkXpress Passport
- Development environment software — Microsoft Visual Basic ; Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications VBA; Microsoft Visual Basic Scripting Edition VBScript
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Freehand; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software ; Bentley GeoPak Bridge; Microsoft Visio (see all 6 examples)
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Map creation software — ESRI ArcGIS software ; Leica photogrammetry suite LPS software; RockWare ArcMap; Tripod Data Systems COGO (see all 17 examples)
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Writer
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
Detailed Work Activities
- Gather physical survey data.
- Calculate geographic positions from survey data.
- Create graphical representations of structures or landscapes.
- Create maps.
- Document technical design details.
- Supervise engineering or other technical personnel.
- Monitor processes for compliance with standards.
- Evaluate designs or specifications to ensure quality.
- Develop software or computer applications.
- Explain engineering drawings, specifications, or other technical information.
- Explain project details to the general public.
- Train personnel on proper operational procedures.
- Electronic Mail — 94% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 54% responded “Extremely important.”
- Spend Time Sitting — 64% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 46% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 68% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 76% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 52% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 50% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 40% responded “Very important.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 44% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 37% responded “More than half the time.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 42% responded “Important results.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 42% responded “Important.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 32% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 31% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 50% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Physical Proximity — 48% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).”
- Letters and Memos — 40% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Level of Competition — 37% responded “Moderately competitive.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, nannies, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|14||Some college, no degree|
Interest code: CR
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Surveying and Mapping Technicians.
Employment data collected from Surveying and Mapping Technicians.
Industry data collected from Surveying and Mapping Technicians.
|Median wages (2015)||$20.20 hourly, $42,010 annual|
|Employment (2014)||57,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Decline (-2% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||6,500|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Surveying and mapping technicians . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.
- American Association for Geodetic Surveying (AAGS) , 5119 Pegasus Court, Suite Q, Frederick, MD 21704. Phone: (240) 439-4615. Fax: (240) 439-4952.
- American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS) , 5410 Grosvenor Ln., Suite 210, Bethesda, MD 20814-2160. Phone: (301) 493-0290.
- National Society of Professional Surveyors (NSPS) , 5119 Pegasus Court, Suite Q, Frederick, MD 21704. Phone: (240) 439-4615. Fax: (240) 439-4952.