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Summary Report for:
17-3031.00 - Surveying and Mapping Technicians

Perform surveying and mapping duties, usually under the direction of an engineer, surveyor, cartographer, or photogrammetrist, to obtain data used for construction, mapmaking, boundary location, mining, or other purposes. May calculate mapmaking information and create maps from source data, such as surveying notes, aerial photography, satellite data, or other maps to show topographical features, political boundaries, and other features. May verify accuracy and completeness of maps.

The occupation code you requested, 17-3031.02 (Mapping Technicians), is no longer in use. In the future, please use 17-3031.00 (Surveying and Mapping Technicians) instead.

Sample of reported job titles: Aerotriangulation Specialist, Engineering Technician, Geospatial Analyst, Mapping Editor, Mapping Technician, Photogrammetric Compilation Specialist, Photogrammetric Technician, Stereoplotter Operator, Survey Technician, Tax Map Technician

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Position and hold the vertical rods, or targets, that theodolite operators use for sighting to measure angles, distances, and elevations. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Check all layers of maps to ensure accuracy, identifying and marking errors and making corrections. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design or develop information databases that include geographic or topographic data. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor mapping work or the updating of maps to ensure accuracy, inclusion of new or changed information, or compliance with rules and regulations. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Produce or update overlay maps to show information boundaries, water locations, or topographic features on various base maps or at different scales. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine scales, line sizes, or colors to be used for hard copies of computerized maps, using plotters. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compile information necessary to stake projects for construction, using engineering plans. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify and compile database information to create requested maps. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate and manage land-information computer systems, performing tasks such as storing data, making inquiries, and producing plots and reports. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compare survey computations with applicable standards to determine adequacy of data. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Analyze aerial photographs to detect and interpret significant military, industrial, resource, or topographical data. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Research and combine existing property information to describe property boundaries in relation to adjacent properties, taking into account parcel splits, combinations, or land boundary adjustments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Calculate latitudes, longitudes, angles, areas, or other information for mapmaking, using survey field notes or reference tables. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compare topographical features or contour lines with images from aerial photographs, old maps, or other reference materials to verify the accuracy of their identification. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Trace contours or topographic details to generate maps that denote specific land or property locations or geographic attributes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide assistance in the development of methods and procedures for conducting field surveys. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Trim, align, and join prints to form photographic mosaics, maintaining scaled distances between reference points. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Answer questions and provide information to the public or to staff members regarding assessment maps, surveys, boundaries, easements, property ownership, roads, zoning, or similar matters. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Complete detailed source and method notes describing the location of routine or complex land parcels. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Adjust and operate surveying instruments such as prisms, theodolites, electronic distance measuring equipment, or electronic data collectors. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collect information needed to carry out new surveys, using source maps, previous survey data, photographs, computer records, or other relevant information. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct surveys to ascertain the locations of natural features and man-made structures on the Earth's surface, underground, and underwater, using electronic distance-measuring equipment, such as GPS, and other surveying instruments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Enter Global Positioning System (GPS) data, legal deeds, field notes, or land survey reports into geographic information system (GIS) workstations so that information can be transformed into graphic land descriptions, such as maps and drawings. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform calculations to determine earth curvature corrections, atmospheric impacts on measurements, traverse closures or adjustments, azimuths, level runs, or placement of markers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare cost estimates for mapping projects. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare topographic or contour maps of land surveyed, including site features and other relevant information, such as charts, drawings, and survey notes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record survey measurements or descriptive data, using notes, drawings, sketches, or inked tracings. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Search for section corners, property irons, or survey points. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set out and recover stakes, marks, or other monumentation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Supervise or coordinate activities of workers engaged in surveying, plotting data, drafting maps, or producing blueprints, photostats, or photographs. See more occupations related to this task.

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Technology Skills

  • Analytical or scientific software — Coordinate geometry COGO software; ESRI ArcGIS Spatial Analyst; Tripod Data Systems; Triton Elics International Isis (see all 21 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Application server software — ESRI ArcSDE See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Categorization or classification software — PCI Geomatics eCognition See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Autodesk AutoCAD Hot technology ; Bentley MicroStation Hot technology ; Tripod Data Systems Foresight; TRS Software TomCADD (see all 20 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base reporting software — MicroSurvey Star*Net See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Database software; ESRI Personal Geodatabase; Microsoft Access Hot technology ; Trimble TerraSync (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Desktop publishing software — QuarkXpress Passport See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Development environment software — Microsoft Visual Basic Hot technology ; Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications VBA Hot technology ; Microsoft Visual Basic Scripting Edition VBScript Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Exchange See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Freehand; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop Hot technology ; Bentley GeoPak Bridge; Microsoft Visio Hot technology (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Map creation software — ESRI ArcGIS software Hot technology ; Geographic information system GIS software Hot technology ; TELEDYNE CARIS; Tripod Data Systems COGO (see all 26 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Project management software — Microsoft SharePoint Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web platform development software — Hypertext markup language HTML Hot technology ; JavaScript Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Writer; Microsoft Word Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used

  • All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — Four wheel drive 4WD vehicles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Axes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Barometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Clinometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compasses — Drafting compasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Distance meters — Electronic distance measuring devices; Electrotapes; Measuring chains; Tellurometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drafting kits or sets — Drafting kits See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Extension pole — Prism poles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Extensometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Geological compasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Global positioning system GPS receiver — Community base station global positioning systems GPS; Global positioning system GPS receivers; Real-time kinematics RTK global positioning systems GPS See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hatchets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Instrument tripods — Tripods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser measuring systems — 3D laser scanning systems; Laser distance measuring equipment; Laser scanner coordinate capturing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels — Automatic optical pendulum leveling systems; Hand levels; Leveling bubbles; Optical pendulum levels (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Machetes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mallets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Measuring rods — Sight targets; Vertical/target rods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Measuring tables — Alidades; Plane tables See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Measuring wheels for distance — Wheeled measuring devices See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal detectors — Magnetic field pipe locators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers — Pocket personal computers PC See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plotter printers — Plotters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plumb bobs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic hammer — Jackhammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Portable data input terminals — Handheld data collectors; Portable hydrographic surveying equipment; Robotic survey measuring instruments; Survey instrument control units (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Chain saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Prisms See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Saws — Telescoping pole saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scales — Engineering scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanners — Digitizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scientific calculator — Pre-programmed coordinate geometry COGO calculators; Programmable calculators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Seismic receivers — Ground vibration sensing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sonars — Echosounders; Fathometer sonar equipment; Multibeam sonar equipment; Side scan sonars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • T squares — T-squares See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tablet computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures — Measuring tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Templates — Drafting templates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Theodolites — Total stations; Tribrach level bubble adjusting blocks; Tribrach optical plummet adjusting cylinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Triangles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Two way radios See more occupations related to this tool.

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Knowledge

  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Survey land or bodies of water to measure or determine features. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate designs or specifications to ensure quality. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop software or computer applications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor processes for compliance with standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create maps. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Gather physical survey data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate computer systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Verify mathematical calculations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Explain project details to the general public. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Calculate geographic positions from survey data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assist engineers or scientists with research. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare maps. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Document technical design details. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create graphical representations of structures or landscapes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Determine geographic coordinates. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Enter codes or other information into computers. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate costs for projects or productions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Supervise engineering or other technical personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Survey land or properties. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures? See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Apprenticeship.gov

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Interests

Interest code: CRI   Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.

  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2019) $21.64 hourly, $45,010 annual
State wages
Local wages
 
Employment (2019) 58,400 employees
Projected growth (2019-2029) Slower than average (1% to 2%) Slower than average (1% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2019-2029) 6,400
State trends
 
Top industries (2019)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2019 wage data external site and 2019-2029 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2019-2029). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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