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Summary Report for:
23-1011.00 - Lawyers

Represent clients in criminal and civil litigation and other legal proceedings, draw up legal documents, or manage or advise clients on legal transactions. May specialize in a single area or may practice broadly in many areas of law.

Sample of reported job titles: Assistant Attorney General, Assistant Counsel, Associate, Associate Attorney, Attorney, City Attorney, County Attorney, Deputy Attorney General, Lawyer, Partner

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Represent clients in court or before government agencies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Present evidence to defend clients or prosecute defendants in criminal or civil litigation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Select jurors, argue motions, meet with judges, and question witnesses during the course of a trial. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study Constitution, statutes, decisions, regulations, and ordinances of quasi-judicial bodies to determine ramifications for cases. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Interpret laws, rulings and regulations for individuals and businesses. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Present and summarize cases to judges and juries. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare legal briefs and opinions, and file appeals in state and federal courts of appeal. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Analyze the probable outcomes of cases, using knowledge of legal precedents. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine legal data to determine advisability of defending or prosecuting lawsuit. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate findings and develop strategies and arguments in preparation for presentation of cases. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Advise clients concerning business transactions, claim liability, advisability of prosecuting or defending lawsuits, or legal rights and obligations. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Gather evidence to formulate defense or to initiate legal actions, by such means as interviewing clients and witnesses to ascertain the facts of a case. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Negotiate settlements of civil disputes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare and draft legal documents, such as wills, deeds, patent applications, mortgages, leases, and contracts. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Confer with colleagues with specialties in appropriate areas of legal issue to establish and verify bases for legal proceedings. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Supervise legal assistants. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform administrative and management functions related to the practice of law. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Probate wills and represent and advise executors and administrators of estates. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Search for and examine public and other legal records to write opinions or establish ownership. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Act as agent, trustee, guardian, or executor for businesses or individuals. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Help develop federal and state programs, draft and interpret laws and legislation, and establish enforcement procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Work in environmental law, representing public interest groups, waste disposal companies, or construction firms in their dealings with state and federal agencies. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Compact disk players or recorders — Compact disk CD recorders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital video disk players or recorders — Digital video disk DVD recorders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • High capacity removable media drives — Universal serial bus USB flash drives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Liquid crystal display projector — Liquid crystal display LCD projectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Optical character recognition systems — Optical character readers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Overhead projectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Photocopiers — Digital photocopiers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanners — Computer data input scanners See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Accounting software — BQE Software BillQuick; ESI Software ESILAW; TimePro Legal Software TimePro; TimeSolv Legal (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Analytical or scientific software — Convex FactLogic; Direct Hit Systems THREADS See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Calendar and scheduling software — Compugov DocketView; CompuLaw Vision; Levare Center Court See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Content workflow software — I-many Contract Management See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Abacus Data Systems AbacusLaw; AdvantageLaw WinVantage; Oracle software; WorthMORE Software CaseWORTH (see all 56 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat software; Microsoft Office SharePoint Server MOSS; WealthCounsel WealthDocs; World Software Corporation WORLDOX (see all 24 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Catalyst Repository Systems CatalystDR; Catalyst Repository Systems CatalystXE; Microsoft Outlook; Novell GroupWise See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software — ERP software; SAP software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Information retrieval or search software — Fastcase; LexisNexis Shepard's Citations Service; Thomson West WestlawPRO; Wolters Kluwer Loislaw (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — IDEA TrialPro; Microsoft PowerPoint; Verdict Systems Sanction; Visionary Legal Technologies Visionary Professional (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Project management software — Customer Expressions i-Sight software; Legal Files Software; Practice Technology Prevail; Virtual Case Management VCM software (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Tax preparation software — Tax software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Time accounting software — Equative TimeLedger; Sage Timeslips See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Corel WordPerfect software; Microsoft Word; ProCAT Denoto See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources). See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Prepare legal documents. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research relevant legal materials to aid decision making. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Arbitrate disputes between parties to resolve legal conflicts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate information related to legal matters in public or personal records. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identify implications for cases from legal precedents or other legal information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Meet with individuals involved in legal processes to provide information and clarify issues. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare documentation of legal proceedings. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Represent the interests of clients in legal proceedings. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interview claimants to get information related to legal proceedings. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide legal advice to clients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Supervise activities of other legal personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Draft legislation or regulations. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 100% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 97% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 92% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 84% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 88% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 82% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 84% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 69% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 75% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 76% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 71% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 53% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 53% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 55% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 50% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 53% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 43% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 69% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 43% responded “Extremely competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 40% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 37% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 41% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 30% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
76   Doctoral degree
16   Professional degree Help
8   Master's degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: EI

  • Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $55.27 hourly, $114,970 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 760,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 196,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Lawyers external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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