Summary Report for:
29-9099.01 - Midwives
Provide prenatal care and childbirth assistance.
Sample of reported job titles: Certified Professional Midwife; Certified Professional Midwife, Licensed Midwife; Director of Midwifery/Staff Midwife; Lay Midwife; Licensed Direct Entry Midwife; Licensed Midwife; Licensed Midwife, Certified Professional Midwife; Midwife; Midwife and Birth Center Owner; Staff Midwife
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Wages & Employment | Job Openings
- Monitor maternal condition during labor by checking vital signs, monitoring uterine contractions, or performing physical examinations.
- Monitor fetal growth and well-being through heartbeat detection, body measurement, and palpation.
- Identify, monitor, or treat pregnancy-related problems such as hypertension, gestational diabetes, pre-term labor, and retarded fetal growth.
- Provide necessary medical care for infants at birth, including emergency care such as resuscitation.
- Establish and follow emergency or contingency plans for mothers and newborns.
- Identify tubal and ectopic pregnancies and refer patients for treatments.
- Perform post-partum health assessments of mothers and babies at regular intervals.
- Maintain documentation of all patients' contacts, reviewing and updating records as necessary.
- Assess the status of post-date pregnancies to determine treatments and interventions.
- Counsel women regarding the nutritional requirements of pregnancy.
- Suture perineal lacerations.
- Conduct ongoing prenatal health assessments, tracking changes in physical and emotional health.
- Obtain complete health and medical histories from patients including medical, surgical, reproductive, or mental health histories.
- Set up or monitor the administration of oxygen or medications.
- Estimate patients' due dates and re-evaluate as necessary based on examination results.
- Provide information about the physical and emotional processes involved in the pregnancy, labor, birth, and postpartum periods.
- Evaluate patients' laboratory and medical records, requesting assistance from other practitioners when necessary.
- Assist maternal patients to find physical positions that will facilitate childbirth.
- Complete birth certificates.
- Provide comfort and relaxation measures for mothers in labor through interventions such as massage, breathing techniques, hydrotherapy, and music.
- Refer patients to specialists for procedures such as ultrasounds and biophysical profiles.
- Develop, implement, or evaluate individualized plans for midwifery care.
- Test patients' hemoglobin, hematocrit, and blood glucose levels.
- Recommend the use of vitamin and mineral supplements to enhance the health of patients and children.
- Respond to breech birth presentations by applying methods such as exercises and external version.
- Incorporate research findings into practice as appropriate.
- Assess birthing environments to ensure cleanliness, safety, and the availability of appropriate supplies.
- Provide, or refer patients to other providers for, education or counseling on topics such as genetic testing, newborn care, contraception, and breastfeeding.
- Collect specimens for use in laboratory tests.
- Provide postpartum patients with contraceptive and family planning information.
- Inform patients of how to prepare and supply birth sites.
- Treat patients' symptoms with alternative health care methods such as herbs and hydrotherapy.
- Provide information about community health and social resources.
- Compile and evaluate clinical practice statistics.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Acute care fetal or maternal monitoring units or accessories — External fetal monitors
- Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Automated external defibrillators AED
- Bedpans for general use — Bedpans
- Blood collection syringes — Blood drawing syringes
- Desktop computers
- Electronic blood pressure units — Automated blood pressure cuffs
- Electronic medical thermometers — Digital medical thermometers
- Fetal or gynecological ultrasound or echo units — Fetal doppler units
- Floor grade forceps or hemostats — Hemostats
- Glucose monitors or meters — Blood glucometers
- Infant scales — Baby scales
- Intermittent positive pressure breathing IPPB machines — Mechanical intermittent positive pressure ventilators
- Intravenous tubing with catheter administration kits — Intravenous IV sets
- Lancets — Sterile blood lancets
- Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes
- Medical bulb syringes — Nasal syringes
- Medical exam or non surgical procedure gloves — Medical examination protective gloves
- Medical gas cylinders or related devices — Oxygen cylinders
- Medical oxygen masks or parts — Oxygen delivery masks
- Medical syringe with needle — Hypodermic syringes
- Medical tape measures — Medical measuring tapes
- Medical ultrasound or doppler or pulse echo or echography units for general diagnostic use — Ultrasound imaging scanners
- Mercury blood pressure units — Manual blood pressure cuffs
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Patient floor scales — Medical scales
- Personal computers
- Reflex hammers or mallets — Reflex hammers
- Surgical clamps or clips or forceps or accessories — Mosquito forceps; Surgical tissue forceps; Umbilical cord clamps
- Surgical needle holders for general use — Straight needle holders
- Surgical scissors — Episiotomy scissors; Umbilical cord scissors
- Suturing kits or trays or packs or sets — Suture kits
- Therapeutic heating or cooling pads or compresses or packs — Therapeutic cold packs; Therapeutic hot packs
- Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation units — Trancutaneous electrical nerve stimulation TENS units
- Urinalysis test strips
- Urinary catheterization kit — Urinary catheters
- Vacuum blood collection tubes or containers — Evacuated blood collection tubes
- Vaginal exam specula
Technology used in this occupation:
- Electronic mail software — Email software
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Medical software — Patient electronic medical record EMR software; Private Practice
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
- Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
- Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
- Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
Detailed Work Activities
- Collect medical information from patients, family members, or other medical professionals.
- Record patient medical histories.
- Diagnose medical conditions.
- Care for women during pregnancy and childbirth.
- Examine patients to assess general physical condition.
- Analyze test data or images to inform diagnosis or treatment.
- Treat patients using alternative medical procedures.
- Develop medical treatment plans.
- Analyze patient data to determine patient needs or treatment goals.
- Collect biological specimens from patients.
- Monitor patient conditions during treatments, procedures, or activities.
- Measure the physical or physiological attributes of patients.
- Operate on patients to treat conditions.
- Position patients for treatment or examination.
- Treat medical emergencies.
- Test biological specimens to gather information about patient conditions.
- Prepare medical supplies or equipment for use.
- Communicate detailed medical information to patients or family members.
- Prepare official health documents or records.
- Collaborate with healthcare professionals to plan or provide treatment.
- Evaluate patient functioning, capabilities, or health.
- Provide health and wellness advice to patients, program participants, or caregivers.
- Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources.
- Analyze quantitative data to determine effectiveness of treatments or therapies.
- Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues.
- Communicate health and wellness information to the public.
- Consequence of Error — 94% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 87% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 82% responded “Every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 86% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 79% responded “Very important results.”
- Telephone — 82% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 76% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Physical Proximity — 87% responded “Very close (near touching).”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 52% responded “Some freedom.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 53% responded “Every day.”
- Electronic Mail — 50% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 38% responded “Extremely important.”
- Exposed to Disease or Infections — 53% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 39% responded “Every day.”
- Deal With External Customers — 33% responded “Extremely important.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 35% responded “Very important.”
- Letters and Memos — 40% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 59% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 39% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 38% responded “Very important.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 35% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 39% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Time Pressure — 36% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
|Title||Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.|
|Related Experience||A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.|
|Job Zone Examples||Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.|
|SVP Range||(7.0 to < 8.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
Interest code: SR
- Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers, All Other.
Employment data collected from Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers, All Other.
Industry data collected from Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers, All Other.
|Median wages (2014)||$23.76 hourly, $49,430 annual|
|Employment (2012)||52,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Faster than average (15% to 21%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||22,800|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.