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Summary Report for:
35-2014.00 - Cooks, Restaurant

Prepare, season, and cook dishes such as soups, meats, vegetables, or desserts in restaurants. May order supplies, keep records and accounts, price items on menu, or plan menu.

Sample of reported job titles: Back Line Cook, Banquet Cook, Breakfast Cook, Cook, Fry Cook, Grill Cook, Line Cook, Pastry Baker, Prep Cook (Preparation Cook)

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Inspect and clean food preparation areas, such as equipment and work surfaces, or serving areas to ensure safe and sanitary food-handling practices. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Ensure food is stored and cooked at correct temperature by regulating temperature of ovens, broilers, grills, and roasters. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Ensure freshness of food and ingredients by checking for quality, keeping track of old and new items, and rotating stock. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Turn or stir foods to ensure even cooking. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Season and cook food according to recipes or personal judgment and experience. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Bake, roast, broil, and steam meats, fish, vegetables, and other foods. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Weigh, measure, and mix ingredients according to recipes or personal judgment, using various kitchen utensils and equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Portion, arrange, and garnish food, and serve food to waiters or patrons. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Observe and test foods to determine if they have been cooked sufficiently, using methods such as tasting, smelling, or piercing them with utensils. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Wash, peel, cut, and seed fruits and vegetables to prepare them for consumption. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Carve and trim meats such as beef, veal, ham, pork, and lamb for hot or cold service, or for sandwiches. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Substitute for or assist other cooks during emergencies or rush periods. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Consult with supervisory staff to plan menus, taking into consideration factors such as costs and special event needs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Keep records and accounts. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Coordinate and supervise work of kitchen staff. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare relishes and hors d'oeuvres. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Estimate expected food consumption, requisition or purchase supplies, or procure food from storage. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Butcher and dress animals, fowl, or shellfish, or cut and bone meat prior to cooking. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan and price menu items. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Bake breads, rolls, cakes, and pastries. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Commercial use blenders — Blenders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use broilers — Charbroilers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use convection ovens — Convection ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use cutlery — Boning knives; Chefs' knives; Paring knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use deep fryers — Fryers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food grinders — Grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food slicers — Food slicing machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use griddles — Griddles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use grills — Gas grills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use microwave ovens — Commercial microwave ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use ovens — Conveyor ovens; Rotating rack ovens; Salamander ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use pasta cookers — Pasta cookers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use pizza ovens — Pizza ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use ranges — Wok ranges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use rotisseries — Rotisserie ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use smokers or smoke ovens — Smoking cabinets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use steamers — Food steamers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cutting machinery — Meat saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic knives — Cimeter knives; Filet knives; Utility cutlery See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Point of sale POS terminal — Point of sale POS computer terminals See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Slicing machinery — Meat and cheese slicing machines See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Compliance software — Food safety labeling systems See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Menu planning software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Inventory management software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Materials requirements planning logistics and supply chain software — Recipe cost control software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Point of sale POS software — Point of sale POS restaurant software See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Plan menu options. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Order materials, supplies, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cook foods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Arrange food for serving. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean food preparation areas, facilities, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare breads or doughs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare foods for cooking or serving. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational or production data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut cooked or raw foods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Check quality of foods or supplies. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate supplies, ingredients, or staff requirements for food preparation activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain food, beverage, or equipment inventories. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect facilities, equipment or supplies to ensure conformance to standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Serve food or beverages. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assess equipment functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate activities of food service staff. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mix ingredients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure ingredients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Determine prices for menu items. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assist chefs or caterers with food or drink preparation. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Spend Time Standing — 83% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 80% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 64% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 68% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 52% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 45% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 59% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 70% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 71% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 37% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 45% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 34% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 35% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 28% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 28% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 35% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 53% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 36% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 40% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 27% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 38% responded “Fairly important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 31% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
38   High school diploma or equivalent Help
33   Less than high school diploma
11   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RE

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $10.81 hourly, $22,490 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 1,024,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 352,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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