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Summary Report for:
39-5012.00 - Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists

Provide beauty services, such as shampooing, cutting, coloring, and styling hair, and massaging and treating scalp. May apply makeup, dress wigs, perform hair removal, and provide nail and skin care services.

Sample of reported job titles: Barber Stylist, Cosmetologist, Hair Dresser, Hair Stylist, Hairdresser, Hairstylist, Manager Stylist, Nail Technician

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Keep work stations clean and sanitize tools such as scissors and combs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut, trim and shape hair or hairpieces, based on customers' instructions, hair type and facial features, using clippers, scissors, trimmers and razors. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Analyze patrons' hair and other physical features to determine and recommend beauty treatment or suggest hair styles. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Schedule client appointments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Bleach, dye, or tint hair, using applicator or brush. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Update and maintain customer information records, such as beauty services provided. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Shampoo, rinse, condition and dry hair and scalp or hairpieces with water, liquid soap, or other solutions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate cash registers to receive payments from patrons. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Demonstrate and sell hair care products and cosmetics. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop new styles and techniques. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply water, setting, straightening or waving solutions to hair and use curlers, rollers, hot combs and curling irons to press and curl hair. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Comb, brush, and spray hair or wigs to set style. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Shape eyebrows and remove facial hair, using depilatory cream, tweezers, electrolysis or wax. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Administer therapeutic medication and advise patron to seek medical treatment for chronic or contagious scalp conditions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Massage and treat scalp for hygienic and remedial purposes, using hands, fingers, or vibrating equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Shave, trim and shape beards and moustaches. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Train or supervise other hairstylists, hairdressers and assistants. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Recommend and explain the use of cosmetics, lotions, and creams to soften and lubricate skin and enhance and restore natural appearance. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Give facials to patrons, using special compounds such as lotions and creams. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean, shape, and polish fingernails and toenails, using files and nail polish. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply artificial fingernails. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Applicator brushes — Dye application brushes; Tint application brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Barrettes — Butterfly hair clamps; Duckbill hair clamps; Hair clips; Hair pins See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cash registers — Electronic cash registers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic hair dryers — Handheld hair dryers; Hooded hair dryers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electric hair clipper — Handheld electric hair clippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Goggles — Safety goggles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hair combs or brushes — Rat tail combs; Round brushes; Teasing combs; Wide-tooth combs (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hair or curling iron — Curling irons; Flat irons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hair scissors — Hair thinning scissors; Haircutting scissors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hot rollers — Heated hair curlers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manicure implements — Cuticle nippers; Cuticle scissors; Nail buffers; Nail cleaning brushes (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Nail clippers — Fingernail clippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Razors — Straight razors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sinks — Shampoo bowls See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stop watch — Digital timers See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Accounting software — Intuit QuickBooks software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Calendar and scheduling software — Appointment scheduling software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Customer information databases See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Point of sale POS software — Sale processing software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Clean tools or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean work areas or facilities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Trim client hair. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply cleansing or conditioning agents to client hair, scalp, or skin. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Administer therapeutic massages. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide medical or cosmetic advice for clients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Schedule appointments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Groom wigs or hairpieces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assess skin or hair conditions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Promote products, services, or programs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Administer basic health care or medical treatments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Sell products or services. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Treat nails by shaping, decorating, or augmenting. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Supervise service workers. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain client information or service records. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply solutions to hair for therapeutic or cosmetic purposes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Demonstrate activity techniques or equipment use. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train service staff. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design costumes or cosmetic effects for characters. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 100% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 100% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 96% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 92% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 92% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 96% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 81% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 82% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 79% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 78% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 82% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 73% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 52% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 51% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 54% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 40% responded “Very close (near touching).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 38% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 46% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 38% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 39% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 41% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 48% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 44% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 31% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
74   Post-secondary certificate Help
20   Some college, no degree
6   High school diploma or equivalent Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: AES

  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $11.12 hourly, $23,120 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 611,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 220,600
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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