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Summary Report for:
45-2092.02 - Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop

Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; cleaning, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities.

Sample of reported job titles: Farm Laborer, Farm Worker, Field Irrigation Worker, Field Worker, Harvester, Hired Hand, Hoe Worker, Irrigator, Orchard Worker, Picker

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Set up and operate irrigation equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate tractors, tractor-drawn machinery, and self-propelled machinery to plow, harrow and fertilize soil, or to plant, cultivate, spray and harvest crops. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Repair and maintain farm vehicles, implements, and mechanical equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Harvest fruits and vegetables by hand. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply pesticides, herbicides or fertilizers to crops. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inform farmers or farm managers of crop progress. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify plants, pests, and weeds to determine the selection and application of pesticides and fertilizers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct and monitor the work of casual and seasonal help during planting and harvesting. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clear and maintain irrigation ditches. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record information about crops, such as pesticide use, yields, or costs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Dig and plant seeds, or transplant seedlings by hand. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Repair farm buildings, fences, and other structures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Participate in the inspection, grading, sorting, storage, and post-harvest treatment of crops. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Load agricultural products into trucks, and drive trucks to market or storage facilities. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable hand wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Agricultural tractors — Multipurpose tractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — All terrain vehicles ATV See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cargo trucks — Grain trucks; Tractor-trailers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Claw hammer — Claw hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Combine harvesters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conveyor screw — Feed conveyors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cultivators — Soil cultivators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dump trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fertilizer spreaders or distributors — Fertilizer spreaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forestry saws — Pruning shears See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Global positioning system GPS receiver — Geodetic ground global positioning system GPS receivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Harvesters — Corn pickers; Soybean harvesters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Haymaking machinery — Hay balers; Hay rakes; Haybines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hex keys — Allen wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Irrigation overheads — Field watering systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ladders — Step ladders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Light trucks or sport utility vehicles — Pickup trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mowers — Rotary mowers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint brushes — Paint application brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint sprayers — Paint application sprayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Planters — Crop planters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ploughs — Plows See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pollination equipment or supplies — Detasselers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Putty knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers — Phillips head screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Seed drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shovels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Socket sets — Socket wrench sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sprayers — Pesticide sprayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threshing machines — Threshers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Trowels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives — Budding knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wood chisels See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Data base user interface and query software — BCL Landview Systems WinCrop; Farm Works Software Trac See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Mobile location based services software — Global positioning system GPS software See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

No knowledge met the minimum score.

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Skills

  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Maintain forestry, hunting, or agricultural equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain operational records. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Trim trees or other vegetation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Sort forestry or agricultural materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate farming equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply chemical solutions to plants to protect against disease or insects or to enhance growth. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct activities of agricultural, forestry, or fishery employees. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Confer with managers to make operational decisions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Load agricultural or forestry products for shipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Harvest agricultural products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plant crops, trees, or other plants. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate irrigation systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Build agricultural structures. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 95% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 70% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 66% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 68% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 48% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 64% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 46% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 46% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Degree of Automation See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 47% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 86% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 65% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 25% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work Schedules — 27% responded “Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 23% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 46% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 46% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 51% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 40% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 27% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
Education Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.
Related Experience Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.
Job Zone Examples These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include taxi drivers, amusement and recreation attendants, counter and rental clerks, nonfarm animal caretakers, continuous mining machine operators, and waiters/waitresses.
SVP Range (Below 4.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
Not available Less than high school diploma
Not available High school diploma or equivalent Help
Not available Bachelor's degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: R

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse.
Employment data collected from Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse.
Industry data collected from Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse.

Median wages (2014) $9.17 hourly, $19,060 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 597,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 181,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Agricultural Workers external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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