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Summary Report for:
45-2092.00 - Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse

Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts, horticultural specialties, and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; or cleaning, grading, sorting, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities.

The occupation code you requested, 45-2092.02 (Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop), is no longer in use. In the future, please use 45-2092.00 (Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse) instead.

Sample of reported job titles: Farm Laborer, Field Irrigation Worker, Gardener, Greenhouse Worker, Grower, Harvester, Nursery Worker, Orchard Worker, Picker, Propagation Worker

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Harvest plants, and transplant or pot and label them. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate tractors, tractor-drawn machinery, and self-propelled machinery to plow, harrow and fertilize soil, or to plant, cultivate, spray and harvest crops. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set up and operate irrigation equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Repair and maintain farm vehicles, implements, and mechanical equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Harvest fruits and vegetables by hand. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean work areas, and maintain grounds and landscaping. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Sell and deliver plants and flowers to customers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Sow grass seed, or plant plugs of grass. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inform farmers or farm managers of crop progress. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct and monitor the work of casual and seasonal help during planting and harvesting. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify plants, pests, and weeds to determine the selection and application of pesticides and fertilizers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Regulate greenhouse conditions, and indoor and outdoor irrigation systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut, roll, and stack sod. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Feel plants' leaves and note their coloring to detect the presence of insects or disease. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide information and advice to the public regarding the selection, purchase, and care of products. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain and repair irrigation and climate control systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Dig, cut, and transplant seedlings, cuttings, trees, and shrubs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record information about crops, such as pesticide use, yields, or costs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Repair farm buildings, fences, and other structures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain inventory, ordering materials as required. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record information about plants and plant growth. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Dig, rake, and screen soil, filling cold frames and hot beds in preparation for planting. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Participate in the inspection, grading, sorting, storage, and post-harvest treatment of crops. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect plants and bud ties to assess quality. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Trap and destroy pests, such as moles, gophers, and mice, using pesticides. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Move containerized shrubs, plants, and trees, using wheelbarrows or tractors. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Tie and bunch flowers, plants, shrubs, and trees, wrap their roots, and pack them into boxes to fill orders. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Load agricultural products into trucks, and drive trucks to market or storage facilities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Haul and spread topsoil, fertilizer, peat moss, and other materials to condition soil, using wheelbarrows or carts and shovels. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plant, spray, weed, fertilize, water, and prune plants, shrubs, and trees, using gardening tools. See more occupations related to this task.

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Technology Skills

  • Data base user interface and query software — BCL Landview Systems WinCrop; Farm Works Software Trac See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — IBM Lotus Notes See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Mobile location based services software — Global positioning system GPS software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable hand wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Agricultural rollers — Bed formers; Bed rollers; Drum rollers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Agricultural tractors — Multipurpose tractors; Tractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air dryers — Seed dryers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — All terrain vehicles ATV See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Axes — Pick axes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Battery chargers — Battery booster cables; Portable battery chargers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Battery testers — Battery power testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Broadcast spreaders — Garden hand seeders; Mulch spreaders; Rotary spreaders; Sand spreaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers — Digital calipers; Tree calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cargo trucks — Grain trucks; Tractor-trailers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Claw hammer — Claw hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cleaning machines for seed or grain or dried leguminous vegetables — Seed tumblers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Coiled tubing injector heads — Siphon proportioners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Combine harvesters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compasses — Drafting compasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conveyor screw — Feed conveyors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Counters — Hand tallies See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cultivators — Garden cultivators; Rotary tillers; Soil cultivators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digging bars — Bulb planters; Tree feeding augers; Tree planting bars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Disks — Disk tillage equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dump trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dusters — Garden dusters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fertilizer spreaders or distributors — Drop spreaders; Fertilizer injectors; Fertilizer spreaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forestry increment borers — Increment borers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forestry saws — Pruning shears See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forklifts — Field forklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas generators — Portable generators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas masks — Canister gas masks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Global positioning system GPS receiver — Geodetic ground global positioning system GPS receivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Goggles — Safety goggles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grease guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Greenhouse irrigation equipment — Greenhouse irrigation systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Greenhouse ventilation equipment — Carbon dioxide systems; Greenhouse ventilation systems; Humidifiers; Humidity systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grinding machines — Chain saw sharpeners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grinding wheels — Knife sharpeners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hacksaw — Hacksaws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers — Nail hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand sprayers — Hand held sprayers; Hose-end sprayers; Tree marking guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks; Handtrucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Handheld thermometer — Soil thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Harvesters — Corn pickers; Soybean harvesters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hatchets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Haymaking machinery — Hay balers; Hay rakes; Haybines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hedge clippers — Hedge shears; Power hedge trimmers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hex keys — Allen wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • High branch shears — Pole pruners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoes — Garden hoes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Industrial funnels — Funnels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Integrated tool carriers — Pipe trailers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Irrigation overheads — Field watering systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Irrigation trickles — Drip emitters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Label making tapes — Tie tape machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ladders — Step ladders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lawnmowers — Reel mowers; Vertical mowers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels — Digital levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Light trucks or sport utility vehicles — Pickup trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Locking pliers — Mole grips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Masks or accessories — Dust masks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Measuring rods — Tree scale sticks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Measuring wheels for distance — Measuring wheels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Moisture meters — Soil moisture meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mowers — Rotary mowers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Open end wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint brushes — Paint application brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint sprayers — Paint application sprayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • pH meters — Soil pH meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Picks — Mattocks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe or tube cutter — Tube cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Planters — Crop planters; Planting augers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ploughs — Plows See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pocket calculator — Handheld calculators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pollination equipment or supplies — Detasselers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Post hole digger — Post hole diggers; Stake drivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power blowers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills — Hand drills; Portable electric drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Chain saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power trimmers — String trimmers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure or steam cleaners — Pressure washers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protective coveralls — Spray suits See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pry bars — Wrecking bars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pull spring balances — Hanging spring scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Putty knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rakes — Garden bow rakes; Leaf rakes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Respirators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rubber mallet — Rubber mallets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rulers — Measuring rules See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Saws — Arborist saws; Bow saws; Compass saws; Pruning saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers — Phillips head screwdrivers; Slotted screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Secateurs or pruning shears — Grass shears; Loppers; Root pruning scissors; Thorn strippers (see all 13 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Seed drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Seeder attachment — Hydromulchers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sharpening stones or tools or kits — Sharpening stones See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shovels — Round point shovels; Square point shovels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sledge hammer — Sledgehammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Socket sets — Socket wrench sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soil core sampling apparatus — Soil augers; Soil sampling tubes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spades — Garden spades; Garden spading forks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sprayers — Compressed air sprayers; Pesticide sprayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Staple guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stationary separation equipment or parts or screens — Screen separators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surface thermometers — Indoor/outdoor thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures — Measuring tapes; Tree diameter tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threshing machines — Threshers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Transplanters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Trowels — Transplanting trowels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives — Bench grafting knives; Budding knives; Pruning knives; Rose budding knives (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water sprinklers — Impulse sprinklers; Oscillating sprinklers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wheelbarrows See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wood chisels See more occupations related to this tool.

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Knowledge

No knowledge met the minimum score.

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Skills

No skills met the minimum score.

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Abilities

  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Transport animals, crops, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Sell agricultural products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plant crops, trees, or other plants. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Harvest agricultural products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mark agricultural or forestry products for identification. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Confer with managers to make operational decisions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate irrigation systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct activities of agricultural, forestry, or fishery employees. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Examine characteristics or behavior of living organisms. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Package agricultural products for shipment or further processing. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate quality of plants or crops. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate farming equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Advise others on farming or forestry operations, regulations, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain forestry, hunting, or agricultural equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Build agricultural structures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut trees or logs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain operational records. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare land for agricultural use. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Sort forestry or agricultural materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Capture or kill animals. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean equipment or facilities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Load agricultural or forestry products for shipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Perform manual agricultural, aquacultural, or horticultural tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.) See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body? See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
Education Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.
Related Experience Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.
Job Zone Examples These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include food preparation workers, dishwashers, sewing machine operators, landscaping and groundskeeping workers, logging equipment operators, and baristas.
SVP Range (Below 4.0)

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RC   Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2019) $12.23 hourly, $25,440 annual
State wages
Local wages
 
Employment (2019) 566,500 employees
Projected growth (2019-2029) Average (3% to 4%) Average (3% to 4%)
Projected job openings (2019-2029) 85,800
State trends
 
Top industries (2019)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2019 wage data external site and 2019-2029 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2019-2029). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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